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USS LAWRENCE (DD-8)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NIY

CLASS - LAWRENCE
Displacement 400 Tons, Dimensions, 246' 3" (oa) x 22' 3" x 9' 5" (Max)
Armament 2 x 3"/50, 5 x 6pdr, 2 x 18" tt..
Machinery, 8,400 IHP; 2 Vertical, Inverted, Triple Expansion Engines, 2 screws
Speed, 30 Knots, Crew 72.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Fore River, Quincy on April 10 1899.
Launched November 7 1900 and commissioned April 14 1903.
Decommissioned on November 14 1906 and recommissioning on July 23 1907.
Decommissioned at Philadelphia June 20 1919.
Stricken September 15 1919.
Fate Sold January 3 1920 to Joseph G. Hitner, Philadelphia and broken up for scrap.

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Lawrence 84kJames Lawrence was born in Burlington, New Jersey, on 1 October 1781. Though educated in the field of law, he joined the infant United States Navy in September 1798 as a Midshipman and served in the ship Ganges and frigate Adams during the undeclared war with France. Commissioned in the rank of Lieutenant in 1802, he served in the schooner Enterprise during the War with Tripoli, taking part in a successful attack that burned enemy craft ashore on 2 June 1803. In February 1804 he was second in command of ketch Intrepid during the daring expedition to destroy the captured frigate Philadelphia in Tripoli harbor. Later in the conflict he commanded Enterprise and a gunboat in battles with the Tripolitans. He was also First Lieutenant of the frigate John Adams and, in 1805, commanded the small Gunboat Number 6 during a voyage across the Atlantic to Italy. Subsequently, Lieutenant Lawrence commanded the warships Vixen, Wasp and Argus. In 1810 he also took part in trials of an experimental spar-torpedo. Promoted to the rank of Master Commandant in November 1810, he took command of the sloop of war Hornet a year later and sailed her to Europe on a diplomatic mission. From the beginning of the War of 1812, Lawrence and Hornet cruised actively, capturing the privateer Dolphin on 9 July 1812. Later in the year Hornet blockaded the British sloop Bonne Citoyenne at Bahia, Brazil, and on 24 February 1813 captured HMS Peacock. Upon his return to the United States in March, Lawrence learned of his promotion to Captain. Two months later he took command of the frigate Chesapeake, then preparing for sea at Boston, Massachusetts. She left port on 1 June 1813 and immediately engaged the Royal Navy frigate Shannon in a fierce battle. Captain Lawrence, mortally wounded by small arms fire, ordered "Don't give up the ship" as he was carried below. However, his crew was overwhelmed by British boarders shortly afterwards. James Lawrence died of his wounds on 4 June, while Chesapeake was being taken to Halifax, Nova Scotia, by her captors. His body was later repatriated to New York for burial. Photo #: KN-2579. Master Commandant James Lawrence, USN (1781-1813) oil on wood, 28.5" x 23.5", by Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828), Boston, circa 1812. Painting in the U.S. Naval Academy Museum Collection. Bequest of George M. Moffett, 1952. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Tony Cowart/Robert M. Cieri
Lawrence 24kUndated, Least successful of the early destroyers. Lawrence and her sister MacDonough were unable to carry their 3" guns and 6 pdrs were substituted.USN
Lawrence 80kUSS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8) Halftone photograph reproduction, published by the Chilton Printing Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, showing the ship underway during the early 1900s. It may have been taken during her trials in 1903. Courtesy of Donald M. McPherson, 1972. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Fred Weiss
Lawrence 73kUSS Lawrence (DD-8) and USS Macdonough (DD-9) fitting out at the Fore River Ship & Engine Company, shipyard, Weymouth, Massachusetts, circa 1902 (USN).Robert Hurst
Lawrence 75kUSS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8) At anchor in an East Coast harbor, circa 1903-1908. The second-class battleship Texas is in the right background. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Fred Weiss
Lawrence 102kDestroyers at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, Autumn 1907 These ships are (from left to right): USS Hull (Destroyer # 7); USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8); USS Hopkins (Destroyer # 6); USS Whipple (Destroyer # 15) and USS Truxtun (Destroyer # 14). Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.Fred Weiss
Lawrence 102kPhoto #: 19-N-60-10-17, destroyers at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, Autumn 1907. The destroyers in the foreground basin (from left to right): USS Hull (Destroyer # 7); USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8); USS Hopkins (Destroyer # 6); USS Whipple (Destroyer # 15) and USS Truxtun (Destroyer # 14). USS Stewart (Destroyer # 13) is at the end of the dock, at right, and USS Talbot (Torpedo Boat # 15) is hauled out on the marine railway at left. On the opposite side of the river are several torpedo boats of the Reserve Torpedo Flotilla and their barracks ship, the old cruiser Atlanta. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.Tony Cowart
Lawrence 100kDestroyers and other ships at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, Autumn 1907. Ships at left are (from front to rear): USS Hopkins (Destroyer # 6); USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8); USS Hull (Destroyer # 7); USS Talbot (Torpedo Boat # 15) and USS Moccassin (Submarine # 5). The latter two are hauled out on the marine railway. USS Stewart (Destroyer # 13) is in the right foreground. Ahead of her are a torpedo boat, a barge and the tug Mohawk. Three battleships are docked beyond them, with USS Iowa (Battleship # 4) furthest to the right. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. Photo # 19-N-60-10-20.Robert Hurst
Lawrence 96kUSS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8) Halftone photographic reproduction published on a postal card advertising "Dr. Miles' Restorative Nervine", a patent medicine. The image was copyrighted in 1907 by Underwood & Underwood. Courtesy of Jack Howland, 1985.Fred Weiss
Lawrence 98kPhoto #: NH 93693, Pacific Fleet Destroyers moored together at San Diego, California, circa 1909-1911. Photographed by the Arcade View Company, San Diego. These ships are (from left to right): USS Paul Jones or Perry (Destroyer # 10 or 11); USS Preble (Destroyer # 12); USS Hopkins (Destroyer # 6); USS Truxtun (Destroyer # 14); USS Stewart (Destroyer # 13); USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8); USS Hull (Destroyer # 7); and USS Whipple (Destroyer # 15). The numeral "2", painted on some of these destroyers, indicates they are members of the Second Torpedo Division. Courtesy of Jack Howland, 1982. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Tony Cowart
Lawrence 193kNavy Photo 5287, the torpedo boats USS Farragut (TB 11) and USS Goldsborough (TB 20) are seen outboard of USS Lawrence (DD 8) at Mare Island between 18-31 July 1913.Darryl Baker
Lawrence 120kU.S. Navy Destroyers and Torpedo Boats At the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, prior to World War I. The original photograph was published on a color-tinted postcard by the Pacific Novelty Company, San Francisco and Los Angeles, California, at about the time it was taken. These ships are (from left to right): USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8); USS Goldsborough (Torpedo Boat # 20); and USS Farragut (Torpedo Boat # 11). Courtesy of R.D. Jeska, 1984. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Fred Weiss
Lawrence 93kUSS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8) Anchored in a Pacific Coast harbor, probably on 26 May 1916. Collection of Thomas P. Naughton, 1973. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Fred Weiss
Lawrence 67kUSS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8) or USS Macdonough (Destroyer # 9) Off the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, circa 1918. The receiving ships Richmond (left) and Cumberland (center) are in the background, at the St. Helena Naval Training Station. Courtesy of Paul H. Silverstone, 1982. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Fred Weiss
Lawrence 117kDestroyers and other ships at the Philadelphia Navy Yard in March 1919, awaiting decommissioning. Identifiable ships include: USS Iowa (Battleship # 4) at far right; USS Isabel (later PY-10); left centre, USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8), foreground and USS Perry (Destroyer # 11) inboard of Lawrence. Note Lawrence's after torpedo tube and pattern camouflage. U.S Naval Historical Centre photo # NH 52104.Robert Hurst
Lawrence 81kPhoto #: NH 43036, Philadelphia Navy Yard, destroyers awaiting decommissioning in the Navy Yard's Reserve Basin, during the Spring of 1919. Photographed by La Tour.dShips present are (from left to right): USS Isabel; four unidentified "750-ton" type destroyers; USS Preble (Destroyer # 12); USS Decatur (Destroyer # 5); USS Paul Jones (Destroyer # 10); USS Stewart (Destroyer # 13); USS Bainbridge (Destroyer # 1); USS Hopkins (Destroyer # 6); USS Hull (Destroyer # 7); USS Barry (Destroyer # 2); USS Worden (Destroyer # 16); USS Truxtun (Destroyer # 14); USS Whipple (Destroyer # 15); USS Perry (Destroyer # 11); USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8); and USS Dale (Destroyer # 4). U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Tony Cowart
Lawrence 113kPhoto #: NH 52105, Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania destroyers awaiting decommissioning, in the Yard's Reserve Basin, 4 March 1919. Ships present include (from left to right): USS Lawrence (Destroyer # 8); USS Perry (Destroyer # 11); USS Whipple (Destroyer # 15); USS Truxtun (Destroyer # 14); and USS Worden (Destroyer # 16). Note Lawrence's after torpedo tube (with torpedo visible) and pattern camouflage; 48-star flags, radio masts and signal flags on several of these destroyers; and small craft moored to the ships' sterns. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Tony Cowart

USS LAWRENCE DD-8 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The hazegray Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Commanding Officers
Thanks to David Wright

LT André Morton Proctor    Apr 7 1903 - Dec 9 1905
LT Thomas Charles Hart    Dec 9 1905 - Nov 14 1906 (Later ADM)
(Decommissioned Nov 14 1906 - Jul 23 1907)
LT Ernest Friedrick    1907 - Jun 1 1908
LT Alfred Graham Howe    Jun 1 1908 - Jul 27 1909
LT Charles Sylvanus Kerrick    Jul 27 1909 - Feb 13 1910
LT Martin Kellogg Metcalf    Feb 13 1910 - Jul 29 1910
LT Ernest Arthur Swanson    Jul 29 1910 - Dec 6 1910
ENS Walter Kenneth Kilpatrick    Dec 6 1910 - Dec 30 1910
LT Earl Roof Shipp    Dec 30 1910 - Apr 30 1911
LT John Enoch Pond    Apr 30 1911 - 1914
ENS Merritt Hodson    1914 - 1915
? Barbey    Aug 15 1915 - ?
LTJG Bernard Oviatt Wills    1915 - Jan 28 1916
LTJG James Grady Ware    Jan 28 1916 - 1917
LT William Kelly Beard    Dec 23 1917 - Jun 20 1919

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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