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USS CROWNINSHIELD (DD-134)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NADF

CLASS - WICKES As Built.
Displacement 1,154 Tons, Dimensions, 314' 5" (oa) x 31' 8" x 9' 10" (Max)
Armament 4 x 4"/50, 2 x 1pdr AA (1 x 3"/23AA In Some Ships), 12 x 21" tt..
Machinery, 24,200 SHP; Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 35 Knots, Crew 103.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Bath Iron Works, Bath Me. on November 5 1918.
Launched July 24 1919 and commissioned August 6 1919.
Decommissioned at Philadelphia on July 7 1922.
Recommissioning on May 12 1930.
Decommissioned at San Diego April 8 1937.
Recommissioned on September 30 1939.
Decommissioned for the last time and transferred to Britain September 9 1940, renamed HMS Chelsea (I35).
Stricken January 8 1941.
To Soviet Union July 16 1944, renamed Derzkiy (Rus. "Insolent").
Fate Returned to Great Britain June 23 1949 and broken up for scrap.
Appears in the 1952 movie Flat Top starring Sterling Hayden and Richard Carlson.

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Crowninshield 108kBenjamin William Crowninshield was born in Salem, Massachusetts, on 27 December 1772. Son of a sea captain and merchant, he worked in the family shipping business, served at sea, and was also active in politics. He was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1811 and the state Senate in 1812. Crowninshield became Secretary of the Navy in January 1815, at the end of the War of 1812, and managed the transition to a peacetime force. This included implementation of the new Board of Commissioners administrative system and the building of several ships of the line, the backbone of a much enhanced Navy. He also oversaw strategy and naval policy for the brief, and very successful war with Algiers in 1815. After leaving Navy office, Crowninshield returned to business and political affairs in Massachusetts, prospering in both. In addition to serving two more terms in the Massachusetts House, he was also elected to four terms the United States Congress during the 1820s. Benjamin Crowninshield died on 3 February 1851. Photo #: NH 54721-KN. Benjamin W. Crowninshield, Secretary of the Navy, 16 January 1815 - 30 September 1818 portrait by U.D. Tenney. Courtesy of the Navy Art Collection, Washington, D.C. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Bill Gonyo
Crowninshield 124kUndated, location unknown. Tom's dad, William Millard Smith, was stationed on the Crowninshield from 1939 to 1940.Thomas Smith
Crowninshield 93kUndated postcard, Port Stockton, Stockton, CA.Randle M. Biddle
Crowninshield 45kUndated, location unknown.Paul Rebold
Crowninshield 132kUSS Crowninshield (Destroyer # 134), At anchor, probably in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba in 1919-1920. Collection of Gustave Maurer. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph. Photo #: NH 2208.Robert Hurst
Crowninshield 91kBath, ME, 24 July 1919.Joe Radigan
Crowninshield 426kCrew of the Crowninshield in Boston on October 14 1919. Eugene's dad, Chief Machinist Mate Ellsworth E. Garriepy, is the 21st sailor from the left.Eugene Garriepy
Crowninshield 301kBalboa Harbor, Panama Canal Zone. Aerial photograph taken 23 April 1934, with U.S. Fleet cruisers and destroyers moored together. Ships present include (left to right in lower left): USS Elliot (DD-146); USS Roper (DD-147); USS Hale (DD-133); USS Dorsey (DD-117); USS Lea (DD-118); USS Rathburne (DD-113); USS Talbot (DD-114); USS Waters (DD-115); USS Dent (DD-116); USS Aaron Ward (DD-132); USS Buchanan (DD-131); USS Crowninshield (DD-134); USS Preble (DD-345); and USS William B. Preston (DD-344). (left to right in center): USS Yarnall (DD-143); USS Sands (DD-243); USS Lawrence (DD-250); (unidentified destroyer); USS Detroit (CL-8), Flagship, Destroyers Battle Force; USS Fox (DD-234); USS Greer (DD-145); USS Barney (DD-149); USS Tarbell (DD-142); and USS Chicago (CA-29), Flagship, Cruisers Scouting Force. (left to right across the top): USS Southard (DD-207); USS Chandler (DD-206); USS Farenholt (DD-332); USS Perry (DD-340); USS Wasmuth (DD-338); USS Trever (DD-339); USS Melville (AD-2); USS Truxtun (DD-229); USS McCormick (DD-223); USS MacLeish (DD-220); USS Simpson (DD-221); USS Hovey (DD-208); USS Long (DD-209); USS Litchfield (DD-336); USS Tracy (DD-214); USS Dahlgren (DD-187); USS Medusa (AR-1); USS Raleigh (CL-7), Flagship, Destroyers Scouting Force; USS Pruitt (DD-347); and USS J. Fred Talbott (DD-156); USS Dallas (DD-199); (four unidentified destroyers); and USS Indianapolis (CA-35), Flagship, Cruisers Scouting Force. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Fabio Peņa
Crowninshield 61kJune 25 1934, Vancouver British Columbia.-
Crowninshield 265kUSS Crowninshield (DD 134) and USS Hale (DD 133) at a San Francisco pier in late 1930s.Darryl Baker
Crowninshield 78kView of British sailors learning about their new ships, a part of Lend-lease in September 1940. In the background are the USS Buchnanan (DD-131) and the USS Crowninshield (DD-134).Tom Kerman
On British Service
HMS Chelsea (ex-USS Crowninshields, DD-134) one of the first batch to transfers at Halifax, NS, Chelseas was also the longest serving. She arrived at Devonpaort for refit on 28 September 1940, and joined the 17th Flotilla at Liverpool on 12 october 1940. Further defects were made good at Liverpool between 4 November and 6 December 1940, and Chelsea then joined 6th escort Group serving on both the Atlantic and Gibralter convoy routes. In September 1941 Chelsea collided with Canning and, after repair, again with the same ship on 1 November 1941, this time with only minor damage. However, a third collision with an unknown ship on 16 November 1941 sent her back to the repairers for a month. On completion enough defects accumulated by February 1942 to send her to London for a major repair and refit. On completion of post refit work up, Chelsea went to Canada to serve in the Western Local escort Force. Unusually (for a Town) she appears to have had only two repair periods (each of four weeks) between September 1942 and December 1943, both at New York City. Either the London repairers did an excellent job, or the surviving records are incomplete. In December 1943 Chelsea sailed from St John's, NF, 15 December 1943 for the UK via the Azores to apy off and lay up in reserve. Selected for transfer to the Russian Northern Fleet in mid-1944. Refitted by Palmers on Tyneside from 14 February to 6 March 1944 and again from 3 to 9 May, Chelsea became Dzerki on 16 July and was steamed to Kola with her sisters and the battleship Arkhangelsk (ex-HMS Royal Sovereign) during the passage of convoy JW59 sailing on 15 August 1944. Service with the Northern Fleet followed, and the ship was claimed to be in action on 9 December 1944, but without confirmation that she took any part in the loss of U387. Dzerki was present when Dyatelny was sunk, and was able to pick up eight survivors. other operations were carried out to May 1945, principally in the White Sea. Dzerki returned to Britain and was formally handed back to the RN at Rosyth on 24 June 1949. At once declared for disposal, she passed to BISCo 12 July and arrived at Bo'ness 29 July for scrapping by P & W MacLellan Ltd. (History thanks to Robert Hurst.)
Buchanan 78kView of British sailors learning about their new ships, a part of Lend-lease in September 1940. In the background are the USS Buchnanan (DD-131), USS Crowninshield (DD-134) and USS Abel P. Upshur (DD-193).Tommy Trampp
Crowninshield 74kThe 'Town' destroyer HMS Chelsea (ex-USS Crowninshield, DD-134) as she follows her sisters into Plymouth Sound, 28 September, 1940 to commence refit for British service; in the distance the French battleshipn Paris lies at her moorings at the entrance to the Hamoaze.Robert Hurst
Crowninshield 53kThe "Town" class destroyer HMS Chelsea (ex-USS Crowninshield, DD-134) circa 1942 in the Thames after her London refit and quite possibly on her way to working up prior to sailing to Canada and service in the Western Local Escort Force.Robert Hurst
On Soviet Service
Depending on the source her name is spelled Derzki or Derzkiy.
Crowninshield 74kDerzkiy (ex-HMS Chelsea, ex-USS Crowninshield) underway on Soviet Union service, date and location unknown.Robert Hurst
Crowninshield 55kUndated, location unknown.Igor Ageev
Crowninshield 111kex-US four-stacker Derkij as seen from the battleship Arkhangelsk (ex-HMS Royal Sovereign) while en route to Murmansk, Russia. Photo from "Battleships at War: HMS Royal Sovereign and Her Sisters" by Peter C. SmithRobert Hurst

USS CROWNINSHIELD DD-134 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The hazegray Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Commanding Officers
Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves

LCDR Ralph E. Sampson    Aug 6 1919 - Jun 1920
LCDR Williams Carter Wickham    Jun 1920 - Aug 1921
Decommissioned July 7 1922 to May 12 1930
LCDR Whitley Perkins    May 12 1930 - ?
LCDR Leonard Bynner Austin    ? 1932 - ?
LCDR Raymond Burhen    May 31 1933 - ?
LCDR John Augustine Waters Jr.    Jun 1936 - Dec 1936
LT Harry Havelock Henderson    ? 1939 - ?

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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