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USS WELBORN C. WOOD (DD-195)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NULJ

CLASS - CLEMSON As Built.
Basic repeat Wickes Class, with 35% more fuel capacity to improve endurance problems,
designed radius was 4900 nautical miles at 15 Knots.
Displacement 1,215 Tons, Dimensions, 314' 5" (oa) x 31' 8" x 9' 10" (Max)
Armament 4 x 4"/50, 1 x 3"/23AA, 12 x 21" tt..
Machinery, 26,500 SHP; Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 35 Knots, Crew 114
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Newport News Shipbuilding on September 24 1918.
Launched March 6 1920 and commissioned January 14 1921.
Decommissioned August 8 1922.
Loaned to the Coast Guard as CG-19 October 1 1930 and returned May 21 1934.
Recommissioned September 4 1939.
Decommissioned September 9 1940.
To Britain September 9 1940, renamed HMS Chesterfield (I28).
Stricken January 8 1941.
Fate Broken up for scrap in 1947.

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Wood 21kWelborn Cicero Wood was born in Georgia on 15 January 1876 and was appointed to the United States Naval Academy on 6 September 1895. He served as a midshipman in the battleship Texas during the war with Spain in 1898, before graduating with the class of 1899, and later joined Oregon (Battleship No. 3) on the Asiatic Station to serve part of the two years required by law before commissioning. Subsequently given command of the gunboat Urdaneta, then operating in the Philippines during the Insurrection. Naval Cadet Wood was killed in action on 17 September 1899, when his ship ran aground in the Orani River, near Manila, and was overwhelmed by insurgent troops who enfiladed the gunboat with a withering fire from the shoreline. Photo from the United States Naval Academy, dated 1899.Robert M. Cieri/Bill Gony
Wood 131kUndated, location unknown. USS Welborn C. Wood (DD 195) with what appears to be USS Ballard (DD 267) in the background to the right. Photo from the collection of the Vallejo Naval Historical Museum.Darryl Baker
Wood 93kCirca 1920, location unknown.Jim Flynn
Wood 147kUndated, location unknown. On Coast Guard service during Prohibition. Photo from the collection of the Vallejo Naval Historical Museum.Darryl Baker
On British Service
HMS Chesterfield (ex-USS Welborn C. Wood, DD-195) transferred on 9 September 1940 Chesterfield had a somewhat chequered start to her RN career, colliding with her sister HMS Churchill on 10 September 1940. After sailing for Britain, she arrived at St John's, NS, with defects that required her return to Halifax, NF. Setting forth once more, she arrived at St John's, NS, on 22 October 1940, only to be quarantined with a case of diptheria onboard, so that she did not arrive at Devonport until 22 November 1940. Unusually, Chesterfield's refit was at Chatham and lasted from 26 November 1940 to 25 January 1941, with trials at Devonport in the following days. Allocated to 11th Escort Group she was, finally able to enter operational service on 27 February 1931, despite a collision with the submarine HMS/s H32 on that date. In mid-April 1941 the Group moved base from Liverpool to Iceland, immediately followed by Chesterfield being shifted to 3rd Escort Group also based there. Duty with mid-Atlantic convoys and on the Denmark Strait patrol, took its toll of an old ship and repair on the Clyde throughout May 1941 was needed. By mid-June 1941 Chesterfield had transferred to 18th escort Group part of the Newfoundland Escort Force, again changing to 23rd Escort Group in July 1941. All these Groups were committed to North Atlantic escort work. On 6 September 1941 Chesterfield was in collision with HMS Burnham, fortunately without serious damage to either ship, and it was not unti 6 October 1941 that Chesterfield arrived at Portsmouth for a refit lasting until 17 January 1942. Following refit and work up, Chesterfield joined 26th Escort Group for two Atlantic convoys, but then needed further attention from Clydeside repairers between 29 March and 23 June 1942. She next became part of B7 Group, but only briefly as after only two return passages to Canada and a brief period with convoy WS22, Chesterfield arrived at Hull for a two month refit in October 1942. The ship completed with a comprehensive A/S outfit for North Atlantic work and it is unfortunate therefore that after only one return crossing shallow set depth charges damaged the ship whilst with convoy HX222. Chesterfield thereafter lay under repair from mid-February 1943 until November 1943, nominally part of western Approaches Command, until allocated to Rosyth Command for target duty. Even in the role of an Air Target Ship, Chesterfeld seems to have been dogged by misfortune for she was again laid up, this time at Dundee, for repairs from late March 1944 until November 1944. At this point, the decision was taken not to waste further resources and Chesterfield paid off on 15 January 1945 to lay up at Rosyth, remaining there until towed to Dunston on Tyne where she arrived on 1 December 1948 to be broken up by Clayton & Davis Ltd. (Foreign service history thanks to Robert Hurst.)
Wood 73kThe "Town" class destroyer HMS Chesterfield (ex-USS Welborn C. Wood, DD-195) underway on the completion of her Stage 2 refit at Hull, 15 November 1942. Photo # FL 3213 from the collections of the Imperial War Museum.Robert Hurst

USS WELBORN C. WOOD DD-195 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The hazegray Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Commanding Officers
Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves

LTJG Leon W. Mills    Jan 14 1921 - Jan 25 1921
LTJG Brady J. Dayton    Jan 25 1921 - ?
(Decommissioned Aug 8 1922 - Sep 4 1939)
Under Coast Guard command
CDR Eugene Auguste Coffin (USCG)    Apr 1931 - Jan 1933 (Later RADM)
LCDR Arthur Graham Hall (USCG)    Jan 1933 - ? (Later RADM)
Under Navy command   
LCDR Robert E. Cronin    Sep 4 1939 - ? (Later RADM)

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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