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USS DOWNES (DD-375)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NESJ

CLASS - MAHAN As Built.
Displacement 2103 Tons (Full), Dimensions, 341' 4" (oa) x 35' 5" x 12' 4" (Max)
Armament 5 x 5"/38AA, 4 x 0.5" MG, 12 x 21" tt.(3x4).
Machinery, 49,000 SHP; General Electric Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 36.5 Knots, Range 6500 NM@ 12 Knots, Crew 158.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Norfolk Navy Yard August 15 1934.
Launched April 22 1936 and commissioned January 15 1937.
Downes was all but destroyed in Japanese attack on pearl Harbor.
Equipment salvaged from her hulk was taken to Mare Island
where Downes was completely rebuilt in a new hull during 1942-43.
Decommissioned Jun 20 1942 - Nov 15 1943.
Decommissioned December 17 1945.
Stricken January 28 1947.
Fate Sold November 18 1947 and broken up for scrap.

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Downes 113kJohn Downes was born in 1786 in Canton, Massachusetts. He served as acting midshipman from 9 September 1800 and was appointed midshipman on 1 June 1802. He rendered distinguished service during the War with Tripoli in 1804, in the frigate Congress, and was executive officer for Captain David Porter in Essex during the War of 1812. He commanded Epervier, Guerriere, Ontario and Independence, and the Boston Navy Yard, and was Commodore of the Pacific and Mediterranean Squadrons. Captain Downes died at Charlestown, Massachusetts on 11 August 1854. Photo of John Downes (DD-45, DD-375) - Commandant Boston Navy Yard, Mar. 16, 1835-June 1, 1842; Mar. 19, 1849-May 19, 1852 (Boston National Historical Park Collection, NPS Cat. No. BOSTS-7095)Robert M. Cieri/Stephen P. Carlson, Boston NHP, Charlestown Navy Yard
Downes 103kUndated, location unknown.-
Downes 66kUndated, location unknown.Jesse P. Mannix
Downes 32kLaunching, April 22 1936, Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, VA.Joe Radigan
Downes 178kNorfolk, Virginia, April 22 1936, Admiral and Mrs. John Downes of the Great Lakes Station Great Lakes Station with their daughter , Miss Sarah Carlyle Downes, at the launching of the new destroyer “Downes” here. Miss Downes christened the vessel which is names after her great, great grandfather Captain john Downes, U.S.N., a Naval hero. Image courtesy of International News.Bill Gonyo
Downes

Downes
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186k
Launching program, April 22 1936 at Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, VA.Ron Reeves
Downes 195kNorfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, after completion, 1 March 1937.Robert Hurst/Darryl Baker
Downes 65kAs above.Robert Hurst
Downes 93kLeaving Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, VA on 1 March 1937. Joe Radigan
Downes 108kUSS Downes leaving Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, after completion, 1 March 1937 (USN Photo No NH 61516). Robert Hurst
Downes 120kUSS Downes underway in rough seas, circa 1938 (USN Photo No NH 63131).Robert Hurst
Downes 93kCirca 1930's at Ponta Delgada, Azores.Carlos Manuel Estrela
Downes 139kUSS Downes (DD-375) underway during the late 1930s. She is wearing a non-standard hull number style on her bow (USN Photo No NH 63132).Robert Hurst
Downes 32kSydney, Australia March 1941.Marc Piché
Downes 139kPearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941, USS Downes (DD-375), at left, and USS Cassin (DD-372), capsized at right, burned out and sunk in the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard drydock on 7 December 1941, after the Japanese attack. The relatively undamaged USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) is in the background. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Fred Weiss
Downes 146kPearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941, USS Cassin (DD-372) burned out and capsized against USS Downes (DD-375), in the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard drydock on 7 December 1941, after the Japanese attack. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Fred Weiss
Downes 105kPhoto #: 80-G-32430: Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941. USS Downes (DD-375) burned out and sunk in the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard's Drydock # 1, soon after the 7 December 1941 Japanese attack. This photo shows the ship's starboard forward superstructure, from the pilothouse forward to the bow. Railway car in the right background is marked "NYPH", "Shop 24", "Storage Car". Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Scott Dyben
Downes 89kPhoto #: 80-G-32580: Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941. View looking toward the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard from Ford Island, with a dredge in the middle distance, 7 December 1941. USS Downes (DD-375) and USS Cassin (DD-372) are burning in the front of Drydock Number One, center, with USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) also in the dock, at left center. USS Shaw (DD-373) is burning at right. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Scott Dyben
Downes 195kUSS Cassin (DD-372) (capsized, right) and USS Downes (DD-375) (left), In Drydock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard on 7 December 1941, immediatly following the Japanese attack. Both ships had been severely damaged by bomb hits and the resulting fires. In the background, also in Drydock Number One, is USS Pennsylvania (BB-38), which had received relatively light damage in the raid. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the Collections of the Naval Historical Center. Photo #: NH 64482.Robert Hurst
Downes 194kUSS Downes (DD-375) and USS Cassin (DD-372) in Drydock One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, soon after the end of the Japanese air attack. Cassin has capsized against Downes. USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) is astern, occupying the rest of the drydock. The torpedo-damaged cruiser USS Helena (CL-50) is in the right distance, beyond the crane. Visible in the center distance is the capsized USS Oklahoma (BB-37), with USS Maryland (BB-46) alongside. Smoke is from the sunken and burning USS Arizona (BB-39), out of view behind Pennsylvania. USS California (BB-44) is partially visible at the extreme left. This image has been attributed to Navy Photographer's Mate Harold Fawcett. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives. Photo #: 80-G-19943.Fred Weiss/Robert Hurst
Downes 166kUSS Downes (DD-375), nearest to camera, and USS Cassin (DD-372), capsized against Downes , In Drydock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, 8 December 1941, the day after they were wrecked by Japanese bombs and the resulting fires. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Photo #: NH 54559.Robert Hurst
Downes 367kAfter deck view of the USS Downes (DD-375) on December 8, 1941, showing damage from a torpedo mount explosion and the resultant fire. The after stack is blown off and there is a gaping hole in the starboard deck, where the torpedo mount exploded. Naval Historical Center photo #NH54559 from the book ‘RESURRECTION: Salvaging the Battle Fleet at Pearl Harbor’ by Daniel Madsen.Mike Green
Downes 222kView of the damage to the destroyer USS Downes (DD 375) in the aftermath of the Japanese 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Photo courtesy of the National Naval Aviation Museum.Bill Gonyo
Downes 167kUSS Downes (DD-375) after deckhouse, as seen from off the starboard side amidships, while she was undergoing salvage in Drydock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, 7 January 1942. Foundations for her after 5"/38 gun mounts are visible. The guns had been removed during the early stages of the salvage work. USS Cassin (DD-372), also with her guns removed, is capsized against Downes' port side. Both had been wrecked during the 7 December 1941 Japanese air raid. Note what appear to be air compressor carts atop the upper deckhouse. U.S. Naval Historical Center, Photo No. NH 54560.Mike Green
Downes 192kUSS Cassin (DD-372), at left, and USS Downes (DD-375) under salvage in Drydock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, 23 January 1942. They had been wrecked during the 7 December 1941 Japanese air raid. Photographed from the foremast of USS Raleigh (CL-7), which was undergoing battle damage repairs in the drydock. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Photo #: NH 54562.Robert Hurst
Downes 158kUSS Cassin (DD 372), at left, and USS Downes (DD 375) under salvage in Dry-dock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, 23 January 1942. Photographed from the foremast of USS Raleigh (CL 7), which was undergoing battle damage repairs in the dry-dock. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.Joe Radigan
Downes 183kUSS Cassin (DD-372), at right, capsized, and USS Downes (DD-375), Under salvage in Drydock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, 27 January 1942. They had been wrecked during the 7 December 1941 Japanese air raid. Also in the drydock is USS Raleigh (CL-7), which was under repair for torpedo damage received on 7 December. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Photo #: NH 54563.Robert Hurst
Downes 395kFebruary 2, 1942 photo showing part of the deck of the USS Downes (DD-373) cut away to facilitate removal of her boilers and other machinery. Naval Historical Center photo #NH84000 from the book ‘RESURRECTION: Salvaging the Battle Fleet at Pearl Harbor’ by Daniel Madsen.Mike Green
Downes 163kUSS Cassin (DD-372) (capsized, right) and USS Downes (DD-375) (left), In Drydock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, 4 February 1942, while under salvage. Both destroyers had been wrecked in the drydock during the 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. In the background, also in Drydock Number One, is USS Raleigh (CL-7), receiving repairs for torpedo damage received in the Japanese attack. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the Collections of the Naval Historical Center. Photo #: NH 55062.Robert Hurst
Downes 198kUSS Cassin (DD-372) (capsized, right) and USS Downes (DD-375), Under salvage in Drydock Number One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard on 5 February 1942, the day Cassin was righted from her previous position capsized against Downes. They had been wrecked during the 7 December 1941 Japanese air raid. Also in the drydock is USS Raleigh (CL-7), which was under repair for torpedo damage received on 7 December. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Photo #: NH 54564.Robert Hurst
Downes 126kUSS Downes (DD-375) being floated out of Pearl Harbor Navy Yard's Drydock No.1, while under salvage on 6 February 1942. Light colored patches cover areas of severe damage to her hull. She had been bombed and burned out during the Japanese attack of 7 December 1941. Source:U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph, Photo No. NH 54557.Mike Green
Downes 242kArticle on the launching of the Downes from the 21 May 43 edition of the Vallejo Times-Herald. Interesting information in the article.Darryl Baker
Downes 260kThe Vallejo Evening News-Chronicle issue of 25 May 1943 reporting the launching of the rebuilt USS Downes (DD 375) at Mare Island.Darryl Baker
Downes 126kShip's forward area, including her pilothouse and forward 5"/38 guns, photographed from off her starboard side at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 30 November 1943. Note Mark 37 Director atop her forward superstructure, and railway crane on the pier. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.Fred Weiss
Downes 188kUSS Downes (DD-375) ship's after portion, photographed from off her starboard side at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 30 November 1943. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.Fred Weiss
Downes 95kNavy Photo 8117-43, stern view of the new USS Downes (DD 375) departing Mare Island on 8 Dec 43. Work started on her construction on 8 Oct 42 and she departed Mare Island for the final time on 14 Dec 1943.Darryl Baker
Downes 107kNavy Photo 8119-43, broadside of the new USS Downes (DD 375) off Mare Island on 8 Dec 43. Work started on her construction on 8 Oct 42 and she departed Mare Island for the final time on 14 Dec 1943.Darryl Baker
Downes 192kUSS Downes underway at sea, 23 February 1944 (USN Photo No 80-G-222460).Robert Hurst
Downes 130kShip's forward 5"/38 guns firing to starboard, while she was bombarding Marcus Island, in the Central Pacific, 9 October 1944. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives. Fred Weiss
Downes 130kBombarding Marcus Island, in the Central Pacific, 9 October 1944. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives. Fred Weiss
Downes 100kAt sea, 9 May 1945, Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Fred Weiss

USS DOWNES DD-375 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The hazegray Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Commanding Officers
Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves

CDR Clifford Harris Roper    Jan 15 1937 - Jun 10 1938
LCDR Edward Everett Pare'    Jun 10 1938 - Jun 13 1939
CDR Kenneth Hill Noble    Jun 13 1939 - Dec 10 1940
CDR Thomas Henry Hederman    Dec 10 1940 - Sep 13 1941 (Later RADM)
LCDR William Rudolph Thayer    Sep 13 1941 - Dec 8 1941
LT William Overton Snead   Dec 8 1941 - Jan 1 1942
LCDR Hugh Trent MacKay    Jan 1 1942 - Apr 13 1942
LTJG Frank Morse Culpepper   Apr 13 1942 - Jun 20 1942
(Decommissioned Jun 20 1942 - Nov 15 1943)
CDR Robert Schley Fahle    Nov 15 1943 - Jan 1 1945
LCDR James Martin Yost    Jan 1 1945 - Dec 17 1945

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Naval Historical Center Pearl Harbor Action Report
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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