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USS NICHOLAS (DD-449 / DDE-449)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NCGA

Tactical Voice Radio Call Sign (circa 1968) - SANDLES

CLASS - FLETCHER As Built.
Displacement 2924 Tons (Full), Dimensions, 376' 5"(oa) x 39' 7" x 13' 9" (Max)
Armament 5 x 5"/38AA, 4 x 1.1" AA, 6 x 20mm AA, 10 x 21" tt.(2x5).
Machinery, 60,000 SHP; Westinghouse Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 38 Knots, Range 6500 NM@ 15 Knots, Crew 273.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Bath Iron Works, Bath ME. March 3 1941.
Launched February 19 1942 and commissioned June 4 1942.
Decommissioned June 12 1946, Recommissioned February 19 1951.
Reclassified DDE-449 March 26 1949.
Completed FRAM upgrade July 1960.
Reverted back to DD-449 June 30 1962.
Decommissioned and Stricken January 30 1970.
Fate Sold September 9 1970 to Zidell Explorations, Portland, OR for $85,333.32, removed November 2 1970.

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Nicholas 61kSamuel Nicholas was born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1744 and received his commission as Captain of Marines from the Continental Congress 28 November 1775, the earliest existing commission issued in the Continental Naval Service. He joined Continental Ship Alfred as Marine Officer at her commissioning 3 December. On 3 March 1776 he commanded the first amphibious landing of American Marines when the Continental Fleet under Esek Hopkins attacked New Providence in the Bahamas. Leading a party of 200 marines and 50 sailors, Nicholas won Fort Montague, Government House, and Nassau. The capture of New Providence brought badly needed cannon and ammunition to the hard-pressed Continental Army. Promoted to Major 6 June 1776, Nicholas trained Marines for duty at sea and in the field with Washington, becoming virtually Commandant of Marines, although such a title did not then exist. He died in Philadelphia 27 August 1790. Photo from USMC History Division.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 82kArtist's conception of the Nicholas as she appeared after original construction by the renowned graphic illustrator John Barrett with the text written by naval author and historian Robert F. Sumrall. Their company Navy Yard Associates offers prints of most destroyers, destroyer escorts, submarines and aircraft carriers in various configurations during the ship's lifetime. The prints can be customized with ship's patches, your photograph, your bio, etc. If you decide to purchase artwork from them please indicate that you heard about their work from NavSource.Navy Yard Associates
Nicholas 78kArtist's conception of a cutaway view of the Nicholas by the renowned graphic illustrator John Barrett with the text written by naval author and historian Robert F. Sumrall. Their company Navy Yard Associates offers prints of most destroyers, destroyer escorts, submarines and aircraft carriers in various configurations during the ship's lifetime. The prints can be customized with ship's patches, your photograph, your bio, etc. If you decide to purchase artwork from them please indicate that you heard about their work from NavSource.Navy Yard Associates
THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY
WASHINGTON

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION to the

UNITED STATES SHIP NICHOLAS
for service as set forth in the following

Citation:
"For outstanding performance in action against enemy Japanese forces off Kolombangara Island, New Georgia Group, Solomon Islands, on the night of July 5–6, 1943. After waging a vigorous battle as part of the small Task Force which destroyed a superior Japanese surface force, the NICHOLAS remained behind with an accompanying destroyer to save the survivors of the torpedoed U.S.S.HELENA. Forced to clear the area on three occasions during rescue operations,she gallantly fought off continuing attacks by Japanese warships emerging from Kula Gulf and, with the other destroyer, sank or damaged an enemy light cruiser and two destroyers with deadly torpedo and gunfire, returning to the area after each onslaught to complete the heroic rescue of more than seven hundred survivors. The valorous achievements of the NICHOLAS reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service."

For the President,
Frank Knox
Secretary of the Navy
Nicholas 56kUndated, location unknown. In November 1944 the destroyer Nicholas (DD-449) sank the Japanese submarine I-38, which was armed with Kaiten torpedoes. "Kaiten" type human torpedoes were the first Japanese "Special Attack" weapons, vehicles whose operational use involved the certain death of the crew, though their first successful employment followed that of the "Kamikaze" suicide aircraft by about a month. Proposals for human torpedoes were made in 1943 and were approved in early 1944, initially with provision for the survival of the operator. However, the extreme peril facing Japan after the loss of the Marianas in June 1944 led to acceptance of the pilot's death as an inevitable consequence of "Kaiten" use.Harold Lind/Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 267kUndated, off Hawaii.Ed Zajkowski/Robert Hurst
Nicholas 90kUndated, USS Nichols (DD-449) blasts the night with gunfire at the peak of the Battle of Vella Lavella, when U.S. destroyer forces intercepted the enemy's Tokyo Express trying to evacuate remnants of his troops from the Central Solomans. Photo and text from "United States Destroyer Operations in World War II" by Theodore Roscoe.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 111kUndated, wounded surviviors from USS Helena being transferred over the gangplank of the rescue ship USS Nicholas (DD-449) after the Battle of Kula Gulf. Photo and text from "United States Destroyer Operations in World War II" by Theodore Roscoe.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 50kUndated, the torpedo gang of USS Nicholas cleaning the torpedo tubes after the Battle of Kula Gulf. Photo and text from "United States Destroyer Operations in World War II" by Theodore Roscoe.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 101kUndated, some of the oil-soaked survivors of USS Helena after being rescued by USS Nicholas. Photo and text from "United States Destroyer Operations in World War II" by Theodore Roscoe.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 70kUndated, at Pearl Harbor.Richard Miller BMCS USNR RET.
Nicholas 132kUndated, as seen from the USS Nicholas (DD-449), night firing by ships of Task Force 18. The Nicolas' No.3 5" /38 mount is in the foreground. Source: United States National Archives, Photo No. 80-G-K-2750.Mike Green
Nicholas 113kUndated, as seen from the USS Nicholas (DD-449), ships of Task Force 18 are shelling Japanese Facilities on Kolombangara and New Georgia. Note No.3 5" /38 mount and wake of the ship. Source: United States National Archives, Photo No. 80-G-K-2751.Mike Green
Nicholas 200kUSS O'Bannon (DD-450) and USS Nicholas (DD-449) under construction at Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, 1 January 1942. Note: Stamp in upper right does not appear on negative. Source: United States National Archives, Photo No. 19-N-35342.Mike Green
Nicholas" 273kUSS Nicholas (DD-449) and USS O'Bannon (DD-450) under construction at Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, 1 January 1942. Note: Stamp in upper right does not appear on negative. Source: United States National Archives, Photo No. 19-N-35340.Mike Green
Nicholas 344kLooking forward, USS O'Bannon (DD-450) and USS Nicholas (DD-449) under construction at Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, 1 January 1941. Source: United States National Archives, Photo No. 19-N-35343.Mike Green
Nicholas 70kSponsor Mrs. Edward B. Tryon prior to christening USS Nicholas (DD-449) at Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, 19 February 1942.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 226kCDR Lewis Corman, CDR J. M. Kiernan, Edward B. Tryon, Mrs. Edward B. Tryon (descendant of Samuel Nicholas) LCDR W. D. Brown and Mr. A. M. Main, vice president of Bath Iron Works at USS Nicholas (DD-449) christening, Bath, Maine, 19 February 1942.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 123kMay 18 1942, Rockland, ME, 25.89 knots a week before commissioning.Ed Zajkowski
Nicholas 108kNicholas at 361/2 knots during her builder's speed trials off Rockland, Maine, May 28, 1942. Source: United States Naval Institute.Captain Jerry Mason USN/Destroyer History Foundation
Nicholas 105kUSS Nicholas running trails off Portland Maine, 28 May 1942.Ron Titus/Christopher Karwowski
Nicholas 160kAs above.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 109kUSS Nicholas (DD-449) running trials off Rockland, Maine, 28 May 1942. The ship is painted in Camouflage Measure 12(Modified). Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. Photo #: 19-N-36878.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 105kUSS Nicholas (DD-449) underway in 1943, location unknown. Image from the 1943-44 Edition of Jane's Fighting Ships.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 98kUSS Nicholas (DD-449) refuels from the oiler USS Sabine (AO-25) in 1943. National Archives and Records Administration. Photo # 80-G-57656.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 107kCirca 1943, crewmen of the destroyer USS Nicholas (DD-449) carrying out gun drill with the ship's 5" practrice loading machine. National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD. Photo # 80-G-52854.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 105kCirca 1943, crewmen of the destroyer USS Nicholas, being served on the ship's chow line. With 330 or more officers and men on board, food was always being served on a wartime destroyer. National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD. Photo # 80-G-52058.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 104kCirca 1943, crewmen of the destroyer USS Nicholas eating chow on the mess deck, with berths stowed. National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD. Photo # 80-G-51696.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 140kCirca 1943, crewmen of the destroyer USS Nicholas crowd together in the enlisted men's washroom. National Archives and Records Administration. Photo # 80-G-56063.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 158kCirca 1943, crewmen of the destroyer USS Nicholas attending mail call on her fantail. National Archives and Records Administration. Photo # 80-G-57615.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 149kCirca 1943, crewmen of the destroyer USS Nicholas, at Tulagi, Soloman Islands, use a torpedo crane to replenish the ship with torpedoes after the Battle of Kula Gulf. National Archives and Records Administration. Photo # 80-G-57600.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 96kOn 7 May 1943 the USS Nicholas (DD-449) suffered a hang-fire in #53 5"/38cal gun mount. This photo shows the Nicholas shortly after that event before she was repaired at Noumea by replacing the gun with one from the USS Hutchins (DD-476) newly arrived in the area.Rick E. Davis
Nicholas 74kOn 12-13 July 1943, while escorting destroyer transports taking troops to Vila, on Kolombangara, the Japanese Sendai class light cruiser Jintsu encountered a superior force of Allied cruisers and destroyers. Hit hard by gunfire from the cruisers USS Honolulu, USS St. Louis and HMNZS Leander, and by a destroyer's torpedo, Jintsu broke in two amidships and sank with the loss of nearly 500 of her crew. These two survivors of the sunken Jintsu, dressed in US Navy uniforms, aboard USS Nicholas (DD-449) were among the very few to survive the sinking.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 103kUSS Nicholas (DD-449) firing her forward 5"/38 guns at Japanese destroyers during the Battle of Vella Lavella, 18 August 1943. Source: United States National Archives, Photo No. 80-G-58874.Mike Green
Nicholas 97kNavy Photo 358-44, stern view of the USS Nicholas (DD 449) as she headed for Pearl Harbor on 15 Jan 1944. She was in overhaul at Mare Island from 15 Dec 43 until 21 Jan 44.Darryl Baker/John O' Neill
Nicholas 77kNavy Photo 360-44, broadside view of the USS Nicholas (DD 449) off San Francisco on 15 Jan 1944. She was in overhaul at Mare Island from 15 Dec 43 until 21 Jan 44.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 91kNavy Photo 362-44, bow on view of the USS Nicholas (DD 449) off San Francisco on 15 Jan 1944. She was in overhaul at Mare Island from 15 Dec 43 until 21 Jan 44. Oakland Bay Bridge is in the background.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 123kAmidships looking forward plan view of the USS Nicholas (DD 449) at Mare Island on 17 Jan 1944. She was in overhaul at Mare Island from 15 Dec 43 until 21 Jan 44.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 128kAmidships looking aft plan view of the USS Nicholas (DD 449) at Mare Island on 17 Jan 1944. She was in overhaul at Mare Island from 15 Dec 43 until 21 Jan 44.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 120kJanuary 17 1944 at Mare Island.Ed Zajkowski
Nicholas 91k1945 in Tokyo Bay.Jose "Andy" Vigil
Nicholas 180kSeptember 2 1945, Japanese cross Nicholas to go aboard the USS Lansdowne for trip to surrender ceremony on USS Missouri.Ed Zajkowski/John O' Neill
Nicholas 199kSeptember 2 1945, French officers board Nicholas for trip to the Missouri.Ed Zajkowski
Nicholas 135kCrew members aboard the USS Nicholas (DD 449) check out her score card for the lastest addition during WWII. Photo courtesy of the USS Nicholas (DD 449) Association.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 105kThe USS Nicholas (DD-449) approaches the Golden gate in San Francisco returning home following the end to hostilities in the Pacific. Photo courtesy of the USS Nicholas (DD 449) Association.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 100kAn onboard photo of the USS Nicholas (DD-449) as she was being prepared for conversion to the DDE configuration, 31 January 1949. USN Photo from the NARA BuShips photo collection.Rick E. Davis
Nicholas 116kA June 1950 photo at San Diego NY shows the USS Nicholas (DDE-449), USS O'Bannon (DDE-450), USS Walker (DDE-517) and USS Sproston (DDE-577), returned to Mothballs after being converted to the DDE ASW configuration. All four of these DDE's were armed with of 2-5"/38cal, 5 Torpedo Tubes, Mk-15 ASW Projector, and provisions for 4x2-20mm guns. Also, seen is the USS Killen (DD-593) and several DE's, including USS Raymond (DE-341) and USS Dennis (DE-405) and an APD. Cropped from an USN Photo from the NARA photo files, 80-G-428265.Rick E. Davis
Nicholas 204kUSS Nicholas (DD-450) & USS O'Bannon (DD-449) berth at Mare Island on 15 Feb 1951 before their re-commissioning. Photos courtesy of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 242kUSS Nicholas (DD 450) & USS O'Bannon (DD 449) berth at Mare Island on 15 Feb 1951 before their re-commissioning. Photos courtesy of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 155kNew commanding officer and Commander Western Sea Frontier at the re-commissioning of the USS Nicholas (DD 450) & O'Bannon (DD 449) at Mare Island on 19 Feb 1951. Left to right: CDR H. C. Mason (CO, Nicholas), RADM T. R. Cooley & CDR D. J. Carrison (CO, O'Bannon). Photos courtesy of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 158kUSS Nicholas (DDE-449) underway off the Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California on 2 March 1951. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command. Photo #: NH 107429.Darryl Baker/Robert Hurst
Nicholas 92kMare Island Navy Yard March 17 1951.David Buell
Nicholas 103kMare Island Navy Yard March 17 1951.David Buell
Nicholas 94kMare Island Navy Yard March 17 1951.David Buell
Nicholas 85kIn order to counter the massive Russian submarine fleet and have a more modern type of destroyer in reserve, in case of a crisis, the Nicholas was rebuilt and immediately laid up. She is shown here, on February 16, 1950, newly rebuilt and in the process of being "moth-balled".-
Nicholas 115kNavy Photo 8430-3-51, bow on view of USS Nicholas (DDE 449) departing Mare Island on 2 March 1951.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 126kNavy Photo 8432-3-51, broadside view of USS Nicholas (DDE 449) off Mare Island on 2 March 1951. She was in overhaul at the yard from 19 Feb. to 24 Mar. 1951.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 117kNavy Photo 8434-3-51, stern view of USS Nicholas (DDE 449) departing Mare Island on 2 March 1951.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 144kMarch 17, 1951 photo of the Nicholas, at Mare Island Navy Yard as converted to an escort. The most visible change, excluding her improved electronics, is the fact that #2 gun mount has been replaced with a Hedgehog, consistent with her new ASW role.-
Nicholas 90kUSS Nicholas (DDE-449, ex-DD, after conversion) underway circa 1953, location unknown.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 172kLCDR Harry C. Mason is presented the Bronze Star with Combat "V" from RADM A. M. Morgan (Commander Mare Island Navy Yard) on 11 July 1953 for his action as Commanding Officer of the USS Nicholas (DD 449). LCDR Mason was assigned to the shipyard's production department at this time. from the files of the Vallejo Naval and Historical Museum.Darryl Baker
Nicholas 403kPort quarter overhead of the USS Nicholas (DD-449) at sea after the completion of her 1960 FRAM II upgrade. In this upgrade, the ship was configured with a DASH helo deck and hanger for two drones, and two triple ASW torpedo tubes. United States Navy Official; 1967-68 Jane’s Fighting Ships.Mike Green
Nicholas 119kUSS Nicholas (DD-449) underway at sea in June 1964. Nicholas is as fitted during her 1960 FRAM II modernization, with new smokestack caps and a DASH drone helicopter hangar and flight deck. Photographer: PH1 T.J. Meade. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command. Photo #: NH 107294.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 386kFlying the DASH February 1965, location unknown.Tommy Trampp
Nicholas 165kFebruary 10 1965, ADJ2 D. R. Gloss, leading DASH mechanic, checks over the DASH off the coast of Hawaii. photo by PH3 G. Tucker.Ed Zajkowski
Nicholas 134kPort broadside view of the USS Nicholas (DD-449) underway circa 1966. Her FRAM II profile is clearly seen, the mounting 2-5”/38 mounts, 1-Weapon ALPHA forward and the DASH helo hanger and deck aft, just forward of the stern 5”/38 mount. 1967-68 Jane’s Fighting Ships.Mike Green
Nicholas 76kCirca 1966, location unknown. Images from the 1966/67 Edition of Jane's Fighting Ships.Robert Hurst
Nicholas 146kUSS Hornet (CVS-12), USS Cimarron (AO-22) and USS Nicholas (DD-449), during underway replenishment activities off the coast of North Viet Nam, circa 1966. At that time these three ships had accumulated nearly 75 years of Navy service between them. Official U.S. Navy Photograph.Fred Weiss
Nicholas 104kCirca 1968 underway to Vietnam as seen from the USS Intrepid (CVA-11). From the collection of Dennis H. Hough.Bill Gonyo
Nicholas 114kAs above.Gerd Matthes
Nicholas 137kUSS Enterprise (CVAN-65) steams in formation with USS Nicholas (DD-449) and USS O'Bannon (DD-450) in the Gulf of Tonkin, 6 March 1968. Source: United States National Archives,USN 1130804.Mike Green
Nicholas 85kPearl Harbor, December 1968© Richard Leonhardt
Nicholas 126kUSS Nicholas (DD-449) alongside the USS Bryce Canyon (AD-36) at Pearl Harbor, HI, December 1968.© Richard Leonhardt
Nicholas

Nicholas
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Mainmast in Portland, Oregon and plaque honoring the Nicholas. Located at 7005 NE Marine Drive, Portland, OR 97218.Ed Zajkowski/Philip Siechen
Nicholas 47kShip's patchMike Smolinski
Nicholas 47kShip's patchMike Smolinski
Nicholas 47kShip's patchMike Smolinski

USS NICHOLAS DD-449 / DDE-449 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The hazegray Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Commanding Officers
Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves

LCDR William Drane Brown    Jun 4 1942 - Jan 26 1943 (Later VADM)
LCDR Andrew Jewell Hill Jr.    Jan 26 1943 - Dec 10 1943 (Later RADM)
CDR Robert Taylor Scott Keith    Dec 10 1943 - Feb 6 1945 (Later VADM)
CDR Dennis Charles Lyndon    Feb 6 1945 - Dec 22 1945 (Later RADM)
LCDR Arthur Gray Hamilton Jr.    Dec 22 1945 - Apr 22 1946
LCDR John Nance Gardner    Apr 22 1946 - Jun 12 1946
(Decommissioned Jun 12 1946 - Feb 19 1951)
CDR Harry Charles Mason    Feb 19 1951 - Mar 24 1953 (Later RADM)
CDR Joseph Cundiff Eliot    Mar 24 1953 - Jun 14 1955
CDR John Brayshaw Kaye    Jun 14 1955 - Jun 29 1957
CDR Robert Earle Hawthorne    Jun 29 1957 - Jan 14 1959
CDR Edmond Louis Kelley    Jan 14 1959 - May 28 1960
LCDR David Guy Foxwell    May 28 1960 - Jun 25 1960
CDR Ralph Albert Hilson    Jun 25 1960 - Apr 5 1962
CDR David Ervin Cummins III    Apr 5 1962 - Jan 18 1964
CDR Robert Carl Newcomb    Jan 18 1964 - Sep 25 1965
CDR William Benson Hooffstetter    Sep 25 1965 - Aug 3 1967
CDR John Morton Henson    Aug 3 1967 - Jul 23 1969
CDR John Barton Hurd    Jul 23 1969 - Jan 30 1970

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name: Ken Clouston
Address: 3310 S. Casa Nuevo Trail, Cottonwood, AZ 86326
Phone: 805-238-7991
E-mail: kcloust@commspeed.net


Note About Contacts.

The contact listed, Was the contact at the time for this ship when located. If another person now is the contact, E-mail me and I will update this entry. These contacts are compiled from various sources over a long period of time and may or may not be correct. Every effort has been made to list the newest contact if more than one contact was found.


Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
USS Nicholas Website
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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