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USS HARWOOD (DD-861 / DDE-861)

Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NBFN

Tactical Voice Radio Call Sign (circa 1968) - ASBESTOS

Displacement 3460 Tons (Full), Dimensions, 390' 6"(oa) x 40' 10" x 14' 4" (Max)
Armament 6 x 5"/38AA (3x2), 12 x 40mm AA, 11 x 20mm AA, 10 x 21" tt.(2x5).
Machinery, 60,000 SHP; Allis Chalmers Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 36.8 Knots, Range 4500 NM@ 20 Knots, Crew 336.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Bethlehem Steel,San Pedro. October 29 1944.
Launched May 22 1945 and commissioned September 28 1945.
Completed FRAM upgrade December 1961.
Decommissioned December 17 1971.
Stricken February 1 1973.
To Turkey December 17 1971, renamed Kocatepe.
Fate Sunk in error by Turkish aircraft July 22 1974 during Turkish landings on Cyprus.

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Harwood 16kBruce Lawrence Harwood was born 10 February 1910 at Claremont, Calif., and enlisted in the Navy 6 June 1935. After training as an aviation cadet at Pensacola, he was commissioned Ensign 7 July 1939 and began flying duty with a torpedo plane squadron. Harwood received the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism 24 August 1942 during the Solomons campaign. Leading his squadron in an unsupported aerial torpedo raid against a Japanese task force, Lieutenant Harwood pressed home the attack through a bursting hail of fire from hostile AA batteries. Under his leadership, the squadron scored one certain and two estimated hits on an enemy aircraft carrier. Harwood was awarded the Gold Star in lieu of a second Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism as squadron commander 20 September-5 October 1942. Leading an attack group of bombers through adverse flying conditions, Lieutenant Harwood located a force of enemy destroyers landing troops and supplies on Guadalcanal. Despite violent maneuvering by the enemy, he and his men scored at least one and probably more hits. On 4 October Harwood led another attack group of torpedo planes against an enemy light cruiser and three DD's. In spite of bad visibility and heavy AA flre, he pressed home the attack, scoring two positive and one possible hit on the cruiser. The following night he and his bombers again sought the enemy and, flying on instruments through a violent tropical storm to Rekata Bay, bombed shore installations there despite fierce opposition from Japanese fighter planes which swarmed to the attack. Appointed Commander 1 July 1944, Harwood was killed 24 October 1944 when Princeton received bomb hits which triggered a series of fatal explosions. While serving as air officer in Princeton, Commander Harwood had received another Gold Star in lieu of a third Navy Cross. Photo thanks to Gerald Harwood at the USS Harwood Memorial Web Site and is used with their permission and under their copyright.Bill Gonyo
Harwood 40kUndated, location unknown.Glenn Heckard
Harwood 203kUndated postcard Copyright © Marine Photos, San Diego, CA.Mike Smolinski/Richard Miller BMCS USNR RET.
Harwood 111kUSS Harwood (DD 861) entering San Francisco Bay with Golden Gate Bridge and another destroyer aft of her. Photo from the collection of the Vallejo Naval and Historical Museum.Darryl Baker
Harwood 64kUSS Harwood (DD-861)†Photographed circa Summer-Fall 1945. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command. Photo #: NH 107419.Robert Hurst
Harwood 200kThree views from September 22 45 at Bethl;ehem Steel, San Pedro, 6 days before commissioning.Ed Zajkowski
Harwood 135kAs above.Ed Zajkowski
Harwood 101kAs above.Ed Zajkowski
Harwood 197kUSS Harwood (DD-861) underway off Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Pedro, California, on 10 October 1945. She is painted in Camouflage Measure 21. Official U.S. Navy Bureau of Ships photo 19-N-90229.Robert Hurst
Harwood 127kReturning to home port, San Diego. Homeward Bound pennant flying from main mast after 13 months in China, 1947.-
Harwood 173kNewport R.I. Navy Base between January 1951 and May 1952. From the collection of Eugene Mcfadden PH3 USS Cascade.Gene Mcfadden
Harwood 180kAs above.Gene Mcfadden
Harwood 76kL-R, USS Keppler (DDE-765), USS Fred T. Berry (DDE-858), USS Norris (DDE-859), USS McCaffery (DDE-860) and USS Harwood (DDE-861 of DesRon 6 steaming through the Caribbean in June 1956.Robert Hurst
Harwood 76kScenes from the USS Lloyd Thomas Cruisebook from Jan-Mar 1957. From the collection of Robert Frampton, CAPT (SC), USN (Ret.). In this photo are the USS Lloyd Thomas (DD-764), USS Keppler (DD-765) and the USS Harwood (DD-861).Robert Hall
Harwood 103kFebruary 3 1960, USN photo 1047285 by Easter, USS Wasp. Starboard bow shot of USS Harwood (DDE 861) underway.David Buell
Harwood 111kUSS Harwood (DDE-861) underway on 16 July 1962, location unknown. Note helicopter pad aft. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.†Photo # 82585.Robert Hurst
Harwood 112kUSS Harwood (DD-861), underway in Maltese waters, circa 1964. Photo courtesy A. & J. Pavia from the 1964-65 Edition of Jane's Fighting Ships.Robert Hurst
Harwood 57kChesapeake Bay, July 1964© Richard Leonhardt
Harwod 129kUSS Sierra (AD-18) at San Juan, Puerto Rico, 26 February 1967 with six destroyers alongside including the Basilone (DD-824), Fiske (DD-842), Davis (DD-937), Richard E Kraus (DD-849), Harwood (DD-861), and the Gyatt (DD-712). Taken from the USU Fred T. Berry (DD-858).© Richard Leonhardt
Harwood 82kUSS Fulton (AS-11) and USS Sierra (AD-18) stern to stern at San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 1967 with the USS Davis (DD-937), unknown, USS Harwood (DD-861), USS William C. Lawe (DD-763) and USS Stribling (DD-867) alongside the Sierra.Sheridan Carey
Harwood 209kUSS Harwood [DD-861] docked at Roosevelt Roads Naval Station during Springboard 1970. Bill Gonyo
Harwood 32kShip's patch.Mike Smolinski
Harwood 34kShip's patch.Mike Smolinski
Harwood 37kOne of her Squadron patches.Dave Cupples
On Turkish Service
Harwood 112kUndated, location unknown.Yucel M.Umar, CPO (Ret.) Turkish Navy
Harwood 54kUndated, location unknown.Yucel M.Umar, CPO (Ret.) Turkish Navy
Harwood 70kUndated, location unknown.Yucel M.Umar, CPO (Ret.) Turkish Navy
Harwood 44kAs the TCG KOCATEPE D354. The D354 was sunk in error in 1974 during the war between Turkey and Greece. After the sinking she was replaced by the USS Norris (DD-859) with the same Turkish hull number.Murat Kurtulmus
Harwood 94kUndated, location unknown.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 63kUndated, location unknown.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 126kUndated, location unknown.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 82kTwo views from the turnover c eremony on December 17 1971 including the President of Turkey, Cevdet SunayCŁneyt Demir
Harwood 71kAs above.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 69kUSS Harwood DD-861(D354 Kocatepe), USS Forrest Royal DD-872 (D353 Adatepe) and USS Razorback SS-394 razorback (S336 Muratreis) during the Turkish flag raising ceremonies on March 27 1971.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 83kAs above.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 136kThe accidental sinking on July 22 1974 off Cyprus.Yucel M.Umar, CPO (Ret.) Turkish Navy
Harwood 160kAs above.Yucel M.Umar, CPO (Ret.) Turkish Navy
Harwood 263kMap of the area where Harwood was sunk.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 106kNewspaper article about the sinking.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 33kRescue efforts with either the HMS Brighton or HMS Minerva in the background.CŁneyt Demir
Harwood 50kRescue efforts.CŁneyt Demir

USS HARWOOD DD-861 / DDE-861 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The hazegray Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Commanding Officers
Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves

CDR Reid Puryear Fiala    Sep 28 1945 - Sep 1946 (Later RADM)
CDR Robert Leslie Neyman    Sep 1946 - Sep 1947
CDR Gordon A. Uehling    Sep 1947 - 1948
CDR Robert Frederick Sellars    1948 - Oct 1949
CDR Alan George Schnable    Oct 1949 - Oct 1951
CDR Fred Groch Bennett    Oct 1951 - Dec 1952 (Later VADM)
CDR Samuel Alexander Forter    Dec 1952 - Sep 1954
CDR John Edmund Tuttle    Sep 1954 - Nov 1954
LCDR Robert Schenck Day    Nov 1954 - Dec 1954 (Acting)
CDR John Edmund Tuttle    Dec 1954 - 1956
CDR Charles Wilson Smyers Jr.    1956 - 1958
CDR Louis Eugene Voorhees    1958 - 1960
CDR James Wilson Mercer    1960 - 1962
CDR Joseph John Cote    1962 - Jul 1963
CDR Cornelius Ferris Moul III    Jul 1963 - Mar 1965
CDR Richard Turner Whitlock    Mar 1965 - Nov 17 1966
CDR William Sherrod Guthrie    Nov 17 1966 - Sep 1968
CDR Clifford David Hopkins    Sep 1968 - Jun 1970
CAPT Robert Malcolm Marshall    Jun 1970 - Dec 17 1971

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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