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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive

Seal / G-1 (SS-19½)


Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from left to right
World War I Victory Medal (with Submarine Clasp)

G Class Submarine: Laid down, 2 February 1909, as Seal at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News, VA.; Launched, 8 February 1911; Renamed G-1, 17 November 1911; Commissioned USS G-1, 28 October 1912, at New York Navy Yard, New York, NY; Decommissioned and struck from the Naval Register, 6 March 1920, at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Philadelphia, PA.; Final Disposition, sunk as a target during depth charge tests, 21 June 1921, in Narragansett Bay off Taylor's Point, R.I.

Specifications: Displacement, surfaced 400 t., submerged 516 t.; Length 161'; Beam 13' 1"; Draft 12' 6"; Speed, surfaced 14 kts, submerged 10 kts; Depth Limit 200'; Complement 1 Officer, 23 Enlisted; Armament, six 18" torpedo tubes, (includes two deck firing tubes), six torpedoes; Propulsion, gasoline electric, White & Middleton Co., gasoline engines, 1,200 hp, Fuel Capacity 1,200 gal., Diehl Manufacturing Co., electric motors, 520 hp, Battery Cells 120, twin propellers.
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G-1 109k Seal (SS-19½) afloat after launching, off the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company shipyard, Newport News, VA., 8 February 1911. US Navy photo NH # 98033 courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation. Collection of Commander Theodore G. Ellyson, USN.
G-1 106k Seal (SS-19½) afloat after launching, off the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company shipyard, Newport News, VA., 8 February 1911. US Navy photo NH # 98034 courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation. Collection of Commander Theodore G. Ellyson, USN.
G-1 & U-117 141k The G-1 (SS-19½) makes her way through N.Y.City harbor past what looks to be wharf of the N.Y. & Cuba Mail terminal. Photo copyright by E. Muller, Jr. from Jane's Fighting Ships, 1919 courtesy of Robert Hurst.
G-1 & U-117 52k The G-1 (SS-19½) pier-side with her exposed external torpedo tubes. Picture from "The Romance of A Submarine" by G. Gibbard Jackson & submitted by Robert Hurst.
G-1 106k Seal (SS-19½) in drydock, circa the mid-1910s. Note her external torpedo tubes and other hull details. US Navy photo NH # 78280 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center. Photo courtesy of Donald M. McPherson, 1973.
G-1 36k G-1 (SS-19½), as built (1912), shows the deck torpedo tube positions fore & aft of the bridge. Drawing by Jim Christley. Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.Naval Institute Press.
Ozark 1.40k THE G-1 (SS-19½) RUNNING AT TOP UNDER FULL SPEEDImage and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo from the The Sun. (New York [N.Y.] 1833-1916, 14 November 1914, FIFTH SECTION, Page 3, Image 55, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
G-1 70k G-1 (SS-19½) being towed by Fulton (AS-1), circa 1915. The original print's reverse contains the hand-written comment: "Towed 30 hrs. parted two line off Cape Hatteras, Fulton relieved by Castine.
Castine stood by G-1 in storm off Hatteras for 48 hours before she could pick her up. G-1 registered a roll of 72 degrees. Arrow over rubber necks head. "Rubber neck" is probably Chief Quartermaster John Harold.
US Navy photo NH # 101546 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center. Photo from the Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold.
G-1 88k G-1 (SS-19½) right and G-2 (SS-27) left, alongside Fulton (AS-1) at the Norfolk Navy Yard, VA., circa 1915. Note the 13-star "boat flag" flying at G-2's stern. US Navy photo NH # 101548 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center. Photo from the Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold.
Ozark 417k AT THE SUBMARINE MANEUVERS AT NEWPORT, R. I.
A United States boat of the G type is nestling close alongside its "mother," the monitor Ozark (M-7).
G-1 (SS-19½) arrived at New London, Conn 18 October 1915 in company with three other G-class submarines, tended by monitor Ozark.
Text courtesy of DANFS.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo from Evening Public Ledger.(Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 07 October 1915, Final, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
G-1 501k The G-1 (SS-19½) new type, showing only periscope, in recent Newport maneuvers. Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from the New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 17 October 1915, Image 51, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
G-1 358k ONE OF UNCLE SAMS GOOD SUBMARINES Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO.
Photo from the The St. Joseph Observer. (St. Joseph, Mo.) 1906-1932, 23 October 1915, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
G-1 105k Judah Moses, EM 1, circa 1915. Photo from the collection of Helen Moses via Aryeh Wetherhorn.
These photos are from her father in law of blessed memory, Judah Moses.
G-1 93k The crew of the G-1 (SS-19½) pose on deck, circa 1915. Judah Moses is on the top right with his arm around the periscope.
The G-3 (SS-31) is moored outboard of the G-1.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Ric Hedman.
Photo from the collection of Helen Moses via Aryeh Wetherhorn.
These photos are from her father in law of blessed memory, Judah Moses.
G-1 213k Moses does not split the Atlantic!
The crew of the G-1 (SS-19½) pose on deck, circa 1915. Note the boat's bell.
Photo from the collection of Helen Moses via Aryeh Wetherhorn.
These photos are from her father in law of blessed memory, Judah Moses.
G-1 148k G-1 (SS-19½) deck view at sea, circa 1915. Photo from the collection of Helen Moses via Aryeh Wetherhorn.
These photos are from her father in law of blessed memory, Judah Moses.
G-1 305k A shear view of G-1 (SS-19½), circa 1915. Photo from the collection of Helen Moses via Aryeh Wetherhorn.
These photos are from her father in law of blessed memory, Judah Moses.
G-1 339k A group picture of a course at Thomas Edison's company in December 1915. Edison is in front center, Moses is on the left end of the next to top row. His hat ribbon says USS G-1. Photo from the collection of Helen Moses via Aryeh Wetherhorn.
These photos are from her father in law of blessed memory, Judah Moses.
G-1 192k G-1 (SS-19½) ex-Seal, is depicted in December 1916 after a refit at the New York Navy Yard. Note Lake's trademark wheels and the trap door from the diver's compartment.G-1's forward pair of engines had been removed, which halved her surface power to 600 BHP. Her deck torpedo tubes had been removed, leaving only the two bow tubes in the main hull. Unlike E.B., Lake was happy to blister his tubes out from the main hull. Moving them well apart left space for the diver's compartment between them. G-1 retained Lake's wheels.
Although this boat was generally described as double-hulled, she had a conventional circular section (spindle) pressure hull with a partly watertight superstructure, as in E.B. submarines, ballast tanks were inside the pressure hull (mainly under the machinery and at the ends). Gasoline was stowed at the ends, outboard of ballast tanks that presumably protected the interior of the submarine from possible explosions.
The bridge fairwater shows Lake's practice of separating the navigating turret (forward) from the captain's turret (aft), with a separate conning tower protruding from the superstructure between them.
Forward of both is a separate hatch trunk into the pressure hull, and the captain's turret has its own hatch trunk at its after side. Abaft the engine room hatch is a well for the marker buoy.
The battery is concentrated forward of the immersion tank (presumably equivalent of a Q-tank) below the conning tower; above the tank is an equilibrium control tank, and abaft it is a final adjusting tank. Lake argued that his type of battery housing was far superior to E.B.'s battery tanks, but there was some question as to how much more space it required.
Drawing by Jim Christley. Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.Naval Institute Press.
SS-2583kA midships cross section of the E-2 (SS-25),(left) illustrates Holland's patented U-shaped tank, in this case surrounding the boat's safety (adjusting) tank. A similar cross section of Lake's G-1 (SS-19½) is shown at right. Because Holland had patented the U-shaped ballast tank, Simon Lake had to use inefficient flat-topped tanks. For example, he had to place his batteries on top of his tanks (limiting overhead space), where Holland could surround batteries with tank-age. In both drawings, shading indicates ballast water. Note that E-2's hull is not perfectly circular, it has a flat bottom where the pressure hull joins the duct keel.
Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.Naval Institute Press.
G-1 1.78k REPORTS FOR DUTY WITHOUT REPAIRS
United States submarine G-1 (SS-19½), after waiting in drydock nineteen months, had to sail without repairs because steel companies were too busy.
Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN.
Photo by American Press Association.
Photo from the The Bemidji Daily Pioneer. (Bemidji, Minn.) 1904-1971, 02 February 1917, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PDF added 05/02/13.
G-1 156k G-1 (SS-19½) is seen off New London, Ct. circa 1917. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
G-1 74k G-1 (SS-19½) off the Submarine Base New London, Groton, CT., circa 1918. Photographed by LaTour, Philadelphia. US Navy photo NH # 283 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
G-1 75k G-1 (SS-19½) off the Submarine Base New London, Groton, CT., circa 1918.
Note her trainable torpedo tubes fore and aft of her conning tower fairwater. Note the horizontal surface steering wheel atop the fairwater, at its fore end.
Photo Submarine Force Museum and Library & submitted by Robert Hurst. Text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman. Naval Institute Press.
G-1 117k G-1 (SS-19½) in port, circa 1918, possibly at the Submarine Base New London, Groton, CT. The submarine at left is either H-1 (SS-28) or H-2 (SS-29). G-1 is in the middle. The submarine on the right is unidentified. US Navy photo NH # 42195 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
G-1 & U-117 73k G-1 (SS-19½) with the captured German sub U-117, circa 1919. Photo courtesy of Ric Hedman.

View the Seal / G-1 (SS-19½)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
Not Applicable to this Vessel
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
PigBoats.COM TM, a Historic Look at Submarines

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