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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patches courtesy of Don McGrogan BMCS, USN (ret.)

Squalus / Sailfish (SS-192)

Radio Call Sign: November - India - Delta - Zulu

Sargo Class Submarine: Laid down, 18 October 1937, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME.; Launched, 14 September 1938; Commissioned, USS Squalus (SS-192), 1 March 1939; Sunk by mechanical failure, 23 May 1939; Refloated, 13 September 1939; Decommission, 15 November 1939, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH; Recommissioned, USS Sailfish (SS-192), 15 May 1940; Decommissioned, 27 October 1945; Struck from the Naval Register, 30 April 1948; Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 18 June 1948, to Luria Brothers, Philadelphia, PA. Sailfish was awarded nine battle stars for service in the Pacific and received the Presidential Unit Citation.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 1,400 t., Submerged: 2,350 t.; Length 310' 6" ; Beam 27' 1"; Draft 13' 8"; Speed, Surfaced 20 kts, Submerged 7.75 kts; Complement 5 Officers, 50 Enlisted; Maximum Depth Limit, 250'; Armament, eight 21" torpedo tubes, 24 torpedoes, one 3"/50 deck gun, two .50 cal machine guns, two .30 cal machine guns; Propulsion, diesel-electric engines, GE diesel engines, HP 5500, Fuel Capacity, 190,000 gals., GE motors, HP 2740, 252 battery cells. twin screws.
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Squalus 147k Squalus (SS-192), under construction on the building ways at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 7 January 1938. View looks aft, showing typical cross section of pressure hull and side tanks. Frame 41 lower structure is in the foreground, with Frame 46 upper hull structure beyond.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109864, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 152k Squalus (SS-192), under construction on the building ways at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 7 January 1938. View looks forward, showing typical cross section of pressure hull and side tanks. Frame 155 lower structure is in the foreground, with Frame 145 upper hull structure beyond and Bulkhead 134 visible within the hull.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109863, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 144k Squalus (SS-192), under construction on the building ways at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 7 April 1938. View looks aft, with forward torpedo tube supporting structure in the foreground.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109861, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 154k Squalus (SS-192), under construction on the building ways at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 7 April 1938. View looks aft, with forward torpedo tube supporting structure in the foreground.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109862, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 139k Squalus (SS-192), under construction on the building ways at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 5 July 1938. View looks aft with forward torpedo tube supporting structure in the lower foreground.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109865, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 136k Squalus (SS-192), under construction on the building ways at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 5 July 1938. View looks forward from over the stern.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109866, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 78k Squalus (SS-192), fitting out, at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 5 October 1938. This view looks forward from off the starboard quarter, with propeller guard and stern torpedo tube doors at left. YO-13 is in the left background.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109859, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 90k Squalus (SS-192), fitting out, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME., 5 October 1938.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109858, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 90k Squalus (SS-192), fitting out, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME., 7 January 1939.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-109860, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Squalus 15k Commemorative postal cover on the occassion of the commissioning of the Squalus (SS-192), 1 March 1939.
Courtesy of Jack Tretule.
Squalus 125k The Squalus (SS-192), hits the bottom of the ocean stern first off the coast of Portsmouth New Hampshire to rest in 240 feet of water. Thirty-three of the 59 crew members survived in the forward chambers of the submarine. This picture depicts the control room of the submarine and crew members desperately closing off water leaks.
US Naval Historical Center / "Moment of Impact"
John Groth #1, Watercolor & ink, 1966 88-161-QS.
Squalus 101k Squalus (SS-192) crewmembers huddle around a lamp in the forward torpedo room awaiting rescue in cold conditions which resulted in some survivors suffering from exposure. However, no permanent adverse health effects were noted in survivors after the rescue.
US Naval Historical Center / "Sweating It Out" (Torpedo Room)
John Groth #2, Watercolor & ink, 1966 88-161-QT.
Squalus 85k The rescue divers were indispensable in the rescue and subsequent salvage operation of the Squalus (SS-192), making a total of 648 deep-water tethered dives. They dived first to the wreck, where they anchored guide wires for the rescue bell to the escape hatch on the submarine. When the rescue bell became fouled on the 4th rescue trip, they attempted to unfoul the lines and get it to the surface. Each dive entailed considerable risk for the divers due to risk from the bends and "narcosis of the deep," a hallucinatory condition.
US Naval Historical Center / USS Squalus and Diver
John Groth #4, Watercolor & ink, 1966 88-161-QV.
Squalus 80k On the 4th rescue dive of the McCann diving bell, the steel wire used to raise the bell to the surface became fouled. The bell was lowered to the ocean floor and divers sent down in an unsuccessful attempt to unfoul the wire. The bell was subsequently raised through the manipulation of bouyancy in the ballast tanks, and manual hauling to the surface.
US Naval Historical Center / USS Squalus and Diving Bell
John Groth #7, Watercolor & ink, 1966 88-161-QY.
Squalus 112k 1939 vintage photograph, which was widely used to represent Squalus (SS-192) at the time of her sinking in May of that year. This is actually a photo of Salmon (SS-182), retouched to change Salmon's side number ("S1") to that of Squalus ("S11"). See Photo # NH 63417 for the original, unretouched image.
Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. US Navy photo # NH 57510, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 77k Squalus (SS-192) Rescue Operations, May 1939. Wandank (AT-26), at left, and Falcon (ASR-2) moored over the sunken Squalus , during rescue operations, circa 24 May 1939. The McCann Rescue Chamber, which brought 33 of the submarine's crewmen to safety, is visible on Falcon's (ASR-2) after deck.
Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. US Navy photo # NH 57508, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 118k Squalus's (SS-192) Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Oliver F. Naquin (center, hatless, wearing khaki pants), with other survivors on board the Coast Guard Cutter Harriet Lane, bound for the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, following their rescue, 25 May 1939.
Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. US Navy photo # NH 85832, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 94k Squalus (SS-192) Salvage pontoons near Falcon (ASR-2), during salvage operations on the sunken submarine, off the New Hampshire coast in the Summer of 1939.
Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. US Navy photo # USN 1149032,from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 137k McCann Rescue Chamber in the water alongside Falcon (ASR-2) during the rescue of 33 men still alive and trapped in the sunken submarine Squalus (SS-192), off the New Hampshire coast, circa 24-25 May 1939. The submarine sank when the main induction valve in the engine room stuck in the open position, flooding her after compartments when she submerged.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 97292, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 159k McCann Rescue Chamber cutaway drawing of the device used to rescue 33 crewmen from the sunken submarine Squalus' (SS-192) in May 1939.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 97291, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 87k U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Harriet Lane landing the first nine Squalus (SS-192) survivors at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, on 24 May 1939. Some of the surviors are visible in center, wrapped in blankets. They had been recovered from the sunken submarine by a McCann Rescue Chamber deployed from Falcon (ASR-2). Squalus (SS-192) had sunk in the Atlantic, off Portsmouth, on the previous day.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 57505, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 115k A salvage pontoon surfaces during an attempt to lift Squalus (SS-192) from the sea bottom off the New Hampshire coast, in the Summer of 1939. The bow of Falcon (ASR-2) is at the extreme left. This appears to be the 13 July 1939 lift, in which Squalus' bow rose uncontrollably to the surface and then sank. If that is the case, the pontoon visible here is probably the upper pontoon of the lifting lines attached to the sunken submarine's bow.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # USN 1149024, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 129k A salvage pontoon surfaces during an attempt to lift Squalus (SS-192) from the sea bottom off the New Hampshire coast, in the Summer of 1939. The bow of Falcon (ASR-2) is at the extreme left. This appears to be the 13 July 1939 lift, in which Squalus' bow rose uncontrollably to the surface and then sank. If that is the case, the pontoon visible here is probably the upper pontoon of the lifting lines attached to the sunken submarine's bow.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # USN 1149027, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 125k A salvage pontoon surfaces during an attempt to lift Squalus (SS-192) from the sea bottom off the New Hampshire coast, in the Summer of 1939. The bow of Falcon (ASR-2) is at the extreme left. This appears to be the 13 July 1939 lift, in which Squalus' bow rose uncontrollably to the surface and then sank. If that is the case, the pontoon visible here is probably the upper pontoon of the lifting lines attached to the sunken submarine's bow.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # USN 1149025, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 128k Squalus' (SS-192) bow comes to the surface, during an attempt to lift her from the sea bottom off the New Hampshire coast, in the Summer of 1939. This appears to be the 13 July 1939 lift, in which Squalus' bow rose uncontrollably to the surface and then sank. If that is the case, the four salvage pontoons visible here are probably the two pontoons of the lifting lines attached to the submarine's bow, and the upper two pontoons of the stern lifting lines.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # USN 1149029, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 104k Squalus' (SS-192) bow comes to the surface as personnel based on Falcon (ASR-2) struggle to refloat the sunken submarine, off the New Hampshire coast during the Summer of 1939. This appears to be the 13 July 1939 lift, in which Squalus' bow rose uncontrollably to the surface and then sank. If that is the case, the salvage pontoons nearby would include both bow line pontoons, plus the two upper pontoons on the stern lifting line. The ship's hull number ("192") is painted on her bow.
Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. US Navy photo # USN 1149026,from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 90k Blowing of salvage pontoons to lift Squalus' (SS-192) off the sea bottom, 12 August 1939. Photographed by the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine. Original photo is mis-identified as showing salvage of Sculpin (SS-191), which was present to support the operations, but was not the object of them.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 42382, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 68k Air comes to the surface during blowing of salvage pontoons to lift Squalus (SS-192) off the sea bottom, 12 August 1939. There were separate groups of pontoons supporting the sunken submarine's bow and stern. Three pontoons were located at the top of the lift line in each location and surfaced during the 12 August lift. One more pontoon remained underwater on the bow line and three more on the stern line when this lift was completed. Photographed by the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 57898, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 59k Salvage pontoons surfacing as they lift Squalus (SS-192) off the sea bottom, 12 August 1939. There were separate groups of pontoons supporting the sunken submarine's bow and stern. Three pontoons were located at the top of the lift line in each location and surfaced during the 12 August lift. One more pontoon remained underwater on the bow line and three more on the stern line when this lift was completed. Photographed by the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 57899, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 126k Divers closing valves in salvage pontoons after Squalus (SS-192) had been lifted off the sea bottom, 12 August 1939. There were separate groups of pontoons supporting the sunken submarine's bow and stern. Three pontoons were located at the top of the lift line in each location, and came to the surface during the 12 August lift. One of these groups is seen here. After this lift, one more pontoon remained underwater on the bow line and three more on the stern line. Photographed by the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 57897, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Squalus 90k View taken from Falcon (ASR-2) on 12 August 1939, after Squalus (SS-192) had been lifted off the sea bottom and was being towed to shallower water, supported by salvage pontoons. Wandank (AT-26) and a smaller tug (probably Penacook, YT-6) are towing, while Falcon acted as restraining ship. There are groups of three pontoons each visible on the surface at the submerged submarine's bow and stern. One more pontoon was underwater at the bow and three more at the stern.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, US Navy photo # NH 57509, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Navy Day 21k Commemorative post mark on the occasion of the submarines
Sargo (SS-188),
Saury (SS-189),
Spearfish (SS-190),
Sculpin (SS-191),
Squalus (SS-192) &
Swordfish (SS-193) honoring Navy Day, 27 October 1939.
Courtesy of Jack Tretule.
Squalus 16k Commemorative postal cover on the occassion of the re-commissioning of the Squalus (SS-192), 15 May 1940.
Courtesy of Jack Tretule.
Sailfish 90k Sailfish (SS-192), off the Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 13 April 1943.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-43269, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives.
Sailfish 90k Sailfish (SS-192), off the Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 13 April 1943.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-43270, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Sailfish 90k Sailfish (SS-192), off the Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 13 April 1943, following an overhaul.
US Navy photo # NH 97307, from the collections of the US Naval Archives
Sailfish 90k Sailfish (SS-192), off the Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 13 April 1943, following an overhaul.
US Navy photo # NH 97308, from the collections of the US Naval Archives
Sailfish 90k Sailfish (SS-192), at the Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 13 April 1943, following an overhaul. Circles on the photograph identify recent alternations to the ship. Gilmore (DE-18) is in the left background.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-43274, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Sailfish 90k Sailfish (SS-192), at the Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 13 April 1943, following an overhaul. Circles on the photograph identify recent alternations to the ship. Note men in rowboat inspecting her limber holes, by the stubs of her removed propeller guards. Barges YF-200 and YF-190 are in the center background.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-43273, a US Navy photo from the Bureau of Ships Collection now in the collections of the US Naval Archives
Sailfish 16k Sailfish (SS-192), oil painting, unknown artist, circa 1943/45.
Author's collection.
Sailfish 90k Sailfish (SS-192), crew members pose by the after end of the conning tower, while Sailfish was at Naval Submarine Base, New London, Groton, CT., in 1945. Her Presidential Unit Citation flag is flying behind the periscope sheers, in upper center. Original photo is dated September 1945.
US National Archives photo # 80-G-700762, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US Naval Archives

View the Squalus / Sailfish (SS-192)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Subnet, USS Squalus (SS-192)
History of USS Sailfish SS192
Through the Looking Glass - A Historic Look at Submarines
Full Fathom Five, U.S. Submarine War Against Japan
Back To The Main Photo Index Back To the Submarine Index

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