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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patches contributed by Mike Smolinski

Grenadier (SS-210)

Radio Call Sign: November - Echo - Lima - Delta


Gar Class Submarine: Laid down, 2 April 1940, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH; Launched, 20 November 1940; Commissioned, USS Grenadier (SS-210), 1 May 1941; Lost to enemy action in the Lem Voalan Strait, northeast Indian Ocean, hit by Japanese bombs 21 April 1943, scuttled by her crew 22 April 1943; Struck from the Naval Register, (date unknown); Grenadier received four battle stars for World War II service.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 1,475 t., Submerged: 2,370 t.; Length 307' 2"; Beam 27' 3"; Draft 13' 3"; Speed, Surfaced 20 kts, Submerged 8.75 kts; Complement 5 Officers, 54 Enlisted; Armament, ten 21" torpedo tubes, 24 torpedoes, one 3"/50 dual purpose deck gun, two .50 cal. machine guns, two .30 cal. machine guns; Propulsion, diesel-electric, four General Motors Co., diesel engines, 5.400 hp, Fuel Capacity, 96,365 gals., four General Electric Co., electric motors, 2,740 hp, Battery cells 252, twin propellers.
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Grenadier196kBow view of the Grenadier (SS-210) from the overhead crane at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH, 10 July 1940. US National Archives photo # 19LCM 353-40, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com.
Grenadier469kStern view of the Grenadier (SS-210) from after catwalk, 10 July 1940. US National Archives photo # 19LCM 354-40, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com.
Grenadier458kBow view looking aft of the Grenadier (SS-210) from overhead large crane, 1 October 1940.
The Marlin (SS-205) is under construction on the ways to the left of the Grenadier.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston (USNR).
US National Archives photo # 19LCM 553-40, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com.
Grenadier441kStern view of the Grenadier (SS-210) looking forward westend catwalk from overhead large crane, 1 October 1940. US National Archives photo # 19LCM 554-40, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com.
Grenadier 125k Ship's Sponsor, Mrs. Walter A. Anderson, with other members of the launching party, during Grenadier's (SS-210) christening ceremonies at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, 29 November 1940.
Those present include, in the front row, left to right: Captain Henry F.D. Davis, Navy Yard Industrial Manager; Rear Admiral Walter A. Anderson, Director of Naval Intelligence; Rear Admiral John D. Wainwright, Navy Yard Commandant; Mrs. Walter A. Anderson; Miss. Patricia Crosley of New York City; Captain John J. Brown; and Lieutenant H.K. Leslie, Aide to RAdm. Wainwright. Second row, left to right: Mrs. John D. Wainwright; and Mrs. G.B. Crosley. Third row, left to right: Commander A.I. McKee, Navy Yard Planning Officer; Mrs. Henry F.D. Davis; Mrs. John J. Brown; and Lieutenant Hale. Mr. Joseph F. Flanagan is in the top center.
U.S. Navy Photograph, # NH 91225, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
Grenadier 259k Snow lays in the background as the Grenadier (SS-210) slides down the launching ways at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH, at 11:30 AM on 29 November 1940. US Navy photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Grenadier 75k Launching of the Grenadier (SS-210), at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH, 29 November 1940. US Navy photo, courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org. & Photo # 08_06_023289, courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection via Sean Hert & flickr.com.
Photo added 07/23/13.
Grenadier 259k A tug gives the Grenadier (SS-210) a push & shove towards berth # 1 following her launching at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH, 29 November 1940. US Navy photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Grenadier205kBow view of the Grenadier (SS-210) during her fitting out, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH, 27 January 1941. US National Archives photo # 19LCM 34-41, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com.
Grenadier196kStern view of the Grenadier (SS-210) during her fitting out, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH, 27 January 1941. US National Archives photo # 19LCM 35-41, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com.
Grenadier265kTrout (SS-202) ouboard & Grenadier (SS-210) during her fitting out, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH, 5 April 1941. US National Archives photo # 19LCM 170-41, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com.
Grenadier 24k Commemorative postal cover marking the commissioning of the Grenadier (SS-210), 1 May 1941.
Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Grenadier 24k Commemorative postal cover marking the commissioning of the Grenadier (SS-210), 1 May 1941.
Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Grenadier 75k Commemorative postal cover marking Grenadier (SS-210) ready for the deep, 16 May 1941.
Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Grenadier 162k Postal cover marking the deep dive of the Grenadier (SS-210) on 8 July 1941.
Courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Navy Day20k Commemorative postal cover marking Navy Day, 27 October 1941 and the following submarines commissioned since the previous year:
Trout (SS-202),
Tuna (SS-203),
Mackerel (SS-204),
Marlin (SS-205),
Gar (SS-206),
Grampus (SS-207),
Grayback (SS-208),
Grayling (SS-209),
Grenadier (SS-210) &
Gudgeon(SS-211).
Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Grenadier 165k Grenadier (SS-210), off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 27 December 1941.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, # NH 99403, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Photo enlargement courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Grenadier 379k Grenadier's (SS-210) first war patrol from 4 February to 23 March 1942 took her near the Japanese home islands, off the coast of Honshu, and brought her several targets but no sinkings. On 12 April Grenadier departed Pearl Harbor for her second war patrol, along the Shanghai-Yokohama and Nagasaki-Formosa shipping lanes. On 8 May she torpedoed and sank one of her most important kills of the war, transport Taiyo Maru. Post-war examination of Japanese records showed Taiyo Maru to be more than just the ordinary transport; she was en route to the East Indies with a group of Japanese scientists, economists, and industrial experts bent on expediting the exploitation of the conquered territory. Their loss was a notable blow to the enemy war effort. Text courtesy of DANFS. Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Grenadier 75k Cap Finisterre (ID # 4051) with her topsides crowded with troops returning to the U.S. from Europe, 1919.
In 1920, Cap Finisterre was transferred to Japan as part of the German war reparations owed to that nation. Renamed Taiyo Maru, she was operated for more than two decades by a variety of shipping lines. On 8 May 1942, while serving as a transport for the Japanese Army, Taiyo Maru was torpedoed and sunk by Grenadier (SS-210).
Text & photo # NH 84664 courtesy of U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command.
Photo courtesy of Donald M. McPherson, 1976 via Tommy Trampp.
Grenadier 3.09k POW diary by the Grenadier's (SS-210) CO, Lt Commander J.A. Fitzgerald. PDF courtesy of Douglas Hill.
Photo via history.navy.mil.
Grenadier 58k Some of the survivors of the crew of the Grenadier (SS-210), 15 September 1945 as Prisoners of War at Fukuoka Camp No. 3 located northeast of Yawata between Tabata and Kokura: Back Row L-R: Dean B. Shoemaker, Ben H. Fulton, Randolph J. Garrison, B. Pierce, John H. Gunderson, Bernard W. Witzke Center Row L-R: William H. Keefe, Charles (n) Roskell, Hentry W. Rutkowski, Rex R. Evans, Lyle L. Sawatzke, Charles H. Whitlock, Charles E. Johnson Front Row L-R: Joseph A. Minton, John K. Simpson, Riley H. Keysor, Virgil A. Quillette, Thomas J. Trigg.
Courtesy of submarinesailor.com.
Grenadier 127k One of the survivors of the crew of the Grenadier (SS-210), Lyle Sawatzke. Courtesy of Indiana Bloomfield Monitor, / Dick Buschelman.
Grenadier 20k Approximate location of the area where the Grenadier (SS-210) was lost, Lem Voalan Strait (northwest of Penang on the Malay Peninsula).
Photo courtesy of sailwx.info.
Grenadier 108k Google Earth satellite photo of the Grenadier (SS-210) last approximate position based during post-war debriefings.
View courtesy of Google Earth.
Tolling the Boats 117k Joyce DaSilva, the wife of Jesse DaSilva of the Tang (SS-306), one of the nine survivors of the boat, tosses a flower into a reflecting pool to honor the memory of one of the 52 submarines lost during World War II at the National Submarine Memorial-West on board Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach, Calif. On this Veterans Day, the Submarine Veterans of World War II transferred ownership of the memorial to the U.S. Navy.

The following text is from The Coming Fury by Bruce Catton., pg. 478.
"Major Sullivan Ballou of Rhode Island was killed in the battle, and just before it he had written to his wife, Sarah, to tell her that he believed he was going to be killed and to express a tremulous faith that could see a gleam of light in the dark:
"But O Sarah! If the dead can come back to this earth and float unseen around those they loved, I shall always be near you in the gladdest days and in the gloomiest nights, always, always, and if there be a soft breeze upon your chest it shall be my breath, as the cool air fans your throbbing temple it shall be my spirit passing by. Sarah, do not mourn me dead; think I am gone and wait, for we shall meet again!"
Text i.d. courtesy of Marlynn Starring. Photo i.d. courtesy of Chuck Senior, Vice Commander, Los Angeles-Pasadena Base, USSVI.
U.S. Navy photo # N-1159B-021 by Journalist 2nd Class Brian Brannon, courtesy of news.navy.mil.
Grenadier 955k Article and photo of the CO and three guys off Grenadier (SS-210) sunk in WWII. It was taken at the decommissioning and transfer of Grenadier (SS-525) to Venezuala. The article appeared in the "Key West Outpost" (the base paper) on 23 May 1973. As an interesting side note, the paper got the hull number wrong, in the first line of the article. Grenadier (SS-210) was the one lost in WWII. Photo & article courtesy of Mike Keating.
Grenadier 44k Commemorative photo in honor of the memory of the crew of the Grenadier (SS-210).Photo courtesy of Tom Kermen. Dante's Prayer courtesy of Loreena McKennitt via quinlanroad.com.
Grenadier 131k
U.S. Sub Lost Washington, D.C. - A communiqué by the Navy Department, 14 September announced the loss of the U.S. submarine Grenadier (SS-210) (seen here at her launching), one of the Navy’s newer underwater ships. The twelfth American submarine to be lost in this war, the Grenadier is presumed to have gone down in the Pacific. It carried a crew of approximately 65.

In Memorium:

In the Second Book of Shmuel (Samuel), 22nd chapter, 5th through the 20th verses, translated from the original in Hebrew and published by the Koren Publishers of Jerusalem, Israel, 1982, can perhaps aptly describe the fate of the crew and all other U.S. submariners who died defending their county:

"When the waves of death compassed me / the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; / the bonds of She'ol encircled me; / the snares of death took me by surprise; / in my distress I called upon the Lord, / and cried to my G-D: / and he heard my voice out of his temple, / and my cry entered into his ears. / Then the earth shook and trembled; /the foundations of heaven moved / and shook because of his anger /...the heavy mass of waters, and thick clouds of the skies /... And the channels of the sea appeared, / the foundations of the world were laid bare, / at the rebuking of the Lord, at the blast at the breath of his nostrils. / He sent from above, he took me; / he drew me out of many waters; / he delivered me from my strong enemy, and from those who hated me; for they were too strong for me. / They surprised me in the day of my calamity: / but the Lord was my stay / He brought me forth also into a large place: / he delivered me because he delighted in me./"
Official U.S. Navy Photo from ACME, New York Bureau, dated 9-15-43, courtesy of Bill Gonyo.

View the Grenadier (SS-210)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
On Eternal Patrol
World War II Submarine Warfare - rare footage
PigBoats.COM TM, A Historic Look at Submarines
ComSubForPac US Pacific Fleet - 22 April 1943, 4 Men Died as Japanese POW's
Section IV Grenadier (SS-210) Loss in Action, Off Malaya, 22 April 1943

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