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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patch courtesy of
BMCS Don McGrogan, USN (ret.)

Haddock (SS-231)

Radio Call Sign: November - Alpha - Echo - Golf

Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons


Presidential Unit Citation
Gato Class Submarine: Laid down, 31 March 1941, at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, N.H. Launched, 20 October 1941; Commissioned USS Haddock (SS-231), 14 March 1942; Decommissioned 12 February 1947, at New London, CT.; Placed in service in August 1948 as a Naval Reserve Training Vessel in the 6th Naval District; Placed out of service in May 1952; Laid up in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet, New London; Placed in service in June 1956 as a Naval Reserve Training Vessel, at Portsmouth, NH; Placed out of service and struck from the Naval register 1 June 1960; Final Disposition, sold for scrapping 23 August 1960, to Jacob Checkoway. Haddock was awarded 4 Presidential Unit Citations and earned 11 battle stars for World War II service.
Partial data submitted by Yves Hubert.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 1,526 t., Submerged: 2,410 t.; Length 311' 10"; Beam 27' 3"; Draft 15' 2"; Speed, Surfaced 20.25 kts, Submerged 8.75 kts; Complement 6 officers, 54 enlisted; Operating Depth, 300 ft; Submerged Endurance, 48 hrs at 2 kts; Patrol Endurance 75 days; Cruising Range, 11,000 miles surfaced at 10 kts; Armament, ten 21" torpedo tubes, six forward, four aft, 24 torpedoes, one 3"/50 deck gun, two .50 cal. machine guns, two .30 cal. machine guns; Propulsion, diesel electric reduction gear with four Fairbanks-Morse diesel engines, 5400 hp, Fuel Capacity, 94,400 gals., four Elliot Motor Co., electric motors, 2740 hp, two 126-cell main storage batteries, twin screws.
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Haddock 23k Commemorative post mark on the occasion of the keel laying of the Haddock (SS-231), 31 March 1941, at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, N.H. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Haddock 434k Mrs. William Henry Allen, Sponsor, and Mrs. J. A. Rossell, Maid of Honor of Haddock (SS-231), Navy Yard, Portsmouth, NH. 20 October 1941. National Archives Identifier: 7788742
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Photo added 05/29/17.
Haddock 152k Haddock (SS-231) slides down the launching ways at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, N.H. 20 October 1941. USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org.
Haddock 113k Signal flags flutter from Haddock's (SS-231) yardarm following her launching at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, N.H. 20 October 1941. USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org.
Haddock 70k Commemorative post mark on the occasion of Haddock's (SS-231) launching at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, N.H. 20 October 1941. Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Grunion62kU.S. Naval Submarine Base, New London, Groton, Connecticut:
Members of the 4th Command Class at the Submarine Base, February 1942.
Those present are, bottom row left to right:
Lieutenant Commander Mannert L. Abele; first command would be the Grunion (SS-216). He would be K.I.A. while commanding the Grunion, 30 July 1942.
Lieutenant Commander Thomas B. Klakring; first command would be the Guardfish (SS-217),
Commander Karl G. Hensel, Officer in Charge;
Lieutenant Commander George W. Patterson, Jr., Senior Assistant; and
Lieutenant Commander Jesse L. Hull; first command would be the Finback (SS-230).
Top row, left to right:
Lieutenant Commander Howard W. Gilmore; first command would be the Growler (SS-215). He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor after he was K.I.A. on the bridge of the Growler, 7 February 1943.
Lieutenant Commander Philip H. Ross; first command would be the Halibut (SS-232),
Lieutenant Commander Arthur H. Taylor; first command would be the Haddock (SS-231),
Lieutenant Commander Albert C. Burrows; first command would be the Swordfish (SS-193) and
Lieutenant Commander Leonard S. Mewhinney; first command would be the Saury (SS-189).
Official USN photo # 80-G-88577, now in the collections of the National Archives. Courtesy of the USNHC.
Haddock 153k "Logistics. Submarine Diesels are thirsty. Motor-macs fuel up a fleet-type sub, (possibly the) Haddock (SS-231) before she sets out on war patrol." Circa mid 1942. Text & photo courtesy of Theodore Roscoe, from his book "U.S. Submarine Operations of WW II", published by USNI.
Haddock 232k 3 April 1943: N of Palau. LtCdr (later Rear Admiral) Roy M. Davenport’s Haddock (SS-231) sights a large passenger/cargo ship at 19,000 yards that is misidentified as of the 11, 930–ton Yasukuni Maru-class. Haddock, running on the surface, tracks the ship for five hours and finally pulls ahead. As the grey-painted ship nears, Haddock's crew spots an escort to starboard that they misidentify as a "corvette".
At 1255 (I), Davenport fires a stern torpedo at the destroyer and three stern torpedoes at Arima Maru. The torpedo runs too deep and misses the destroyer, but the other three hit and stop the big ship. Davenport sees her on fire and down by the bow, but then the destroyer counterattacks.
As depth charges fall, Davenport takes Haddock deep – too deep! At about 415 feet, far below test depth, her conning tower begins to deform. Davenport evacuates the conning tower, evades the destroyer, then makes for Pearl Harbor. Yuzuki rescues survivors from sinking Arima Maru.
Text courtesy of combinedfleet.com.
Drawing by Ueda Kihachiro via Tommy Trampp courtesy of combinedfleet.com.
Haddock 757k THEY GOT 250,000 TONS.
Photo taken on 22 May 1943 at Pearl Harbor and run in the Vallejo Times Herald on 25 May 1943. Awards are for CDR Fenno in Runner (SS-275), LCDR Morton in Wahoo (SS-238), LCDR Donaho in Flying Fish (SS-229) and LCDR Taylor in Haddock (SS-231).
Photo from the Vallejo Times Herald, Vallejo, California, 25 May 1943, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Haddock 53k His Specialty is Knocking Out Jap Ships. At a Pacific base – Lt. Comdr. Roy M. Davenport (above) of Los Angeles, Calif., wears the Navy cross recently presented to him for sinking “many thousands of tons” of enemy shipping. Davenport, a submarine commander, stands beside his vessel’s conning tower, on which are painted Jap flags indicating the enemy victims. Official USN photo from ACME New York Bureau, dated 11-10-43, courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
Haddock 558k Haddock (SS-231) WW II crew photo.
The contributor's grandfather, James Donahue, is holding the flag on the right side.
Photo courtesy of Mark George via Robert C. Smith.
Fremantle 365k This plaque was unveiled 20 March 1995 by His Excellency Major General P.M. Jeffery OA MC, Govenor of Western Australia to commemeorate the sacrifices made by Allied submarined that operated out of Fremantle, Western Australia during WW II. Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Haddock 72k WWII battle flag of the Haddock (SS-231). Courtesy of US Sub Vets of World War II
Haddock 567k Post war photo of the Haddock (SS-231) festooned with flags. Photo by Arkivi/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Haddock 273k Painting of Haddock's (SS-231) emblem by Harold F. (Carl) Carlson. Submitted by Gary Carlson.
Haddock 155k Cachet of Haddock (SS-231) in reserve. She was placed in reserve in commission 20 April 1946 and decommissioned 12 February 1947. In August 1948 Haddock was assigned duty as a reserve training ship for 6th Naval District, and served in that capacity until being again placed out of service at New London May 1952. She was again assigned to reserve training, this time at Portsmouth, N.H., June 1956, and finally was struck from the Navy List and sold for scrap to Jacob Checkoway 23 August 1960. Text courtesy of DANFS.
Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Haddock 240k They were bottled up for 60 days in the Haddock (SS-231), 3 March 1953. Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.

View the Haddock (231)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Ep-21 (1) - Victory At Sea ~ Full Fathom Five - HQ

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