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William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company facilities, 15 March 1943. Cruisers visible in this photo:Far right - Miami (CL-89) - Furthest along; aft turrets and catapults in place.
Left of Miami is Astoria (CL-90) - she is about a month behind Miami.
Left of Astoria, in the large shipway, is Oklahoma City (CL-91) - a significant portion of hull has been built.
Left of Oklahoma City is Little Rock (CL-92) - Keel was just been laid on 6 March, which is visible under crane structure.
The coaling dock next to the cruisers site is known as grafitti pier" today.
Note that there are also 2 ATF's: Seneca (ATF-91) and Nauset (ATF-89) fitting out on the right side near the graving dock being built which was never used when finished in 1945. It was fully functional, and used in the 50's when Keystone Ship Repair leased the property. Fast forward to 2014 when the last piece of the shipyard was demolished. The 'L' shaped building, across Girard Avenue which was the foundry & Machine Shop was the end.
Note the 8 submarines in various stages of construction to the left of the Little Rock (4 per shipway). They are most likely from bottom right to left & bottom to top:
The shipyard's submarine construction program was not especially successful. Poor management hindered the delivery of the boats. The first delivery was made two years after keel laying, and fitting out was then done by Portsmouth Navy Yard. The best construction time for a submarine was 644 days.
Cramp's submarine construction story was not a happy one for the Navy. Even though they got an early start on their Balaos, they had a lot of difficulty in hiring skilled workers and managers as most of the good ones already had jobs. Quality and timeliness suffered as a result. Cramp used the Government design plans, but used a completely different part numbering and inventory system, making coordination with Portsmouth, Boston, and Mare Island virtually impossible. The Government was forced to step in to straighten the mess out, with some of the boats ultimately being finished by other yards.
|Text courtesy of Tom Bateman, Dave Johnston.(USNR), Ron Reeves (of blessed memory), & Tracy White.|
USN photo # 80-G-38403 via Tom Bateman courtesy of Tracy White @Researcher @ Large.
Photo added 01/16/18.
|500k||Inverse of the above.||USN photo # 80-G-38404 via Tom Bateman courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.|
Photo added 01/16/18.
|532k||Two More Subs to Sink the Axis. |
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Two more undersea fighters went out to beat Axis U-Boats at their own deadly game when the Devilfish (SS-292), (left) and the Hackleback (SS-295), slid down the ways at Cramp Shipyards today, 30 May 1943. The Devilfish was christened by Mrs. Frank W. Fenno of Williamsport, wife of a Navy Cross winner. Mrs. William L. Wright of Corpus Christi, Texas, whose husband was decorated for the sinking of three Jap warships and five Merchantmen, sponsored the Hackleback.
|Official USN photo from ACME, New York Bureau dated 5/30/43, courtesy of Bill Gonyo.|
|431k||Comdr. Frank W. Fenno was the skipper of Trout (SS-202) on patrol off Midway Island on 7 December 1941 when he received a radio transmission reporting the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. He assumed that the distant bombardment he heard from Midway was a large Japanese invasion force. The invasion turned out to be two Japanese destroyers that pounded Midway heavily and left the scene before Captain Fenno could initiate a counter attack.
In February, 1942 Trout was ordered to Corregidor, the island citadel at the entrance to Manila Bay in the Philippines, to deliver 3500 rounds of much needed anti-aircraft ammunition. There, Trout drew ten torpedoes and took on the most unusual ballast of World War II, over twenty tons of gold and silver. It had been taken from Manila banks and moved to Corregidor for safekeeping from the approaching Japanese invasion force. Five hundred eighty-three gold bars and heavy canvas bags containing eighteen tons of silver coins were carefully loaded in Trout's bilges to be delivered to Pearl Harbor. En route, Fenno tracked and sunk an enemy freighter through high seas. Later the same day Trout avoided a surprise torpedo attack from a Japanese patrol vessel and quickly sank the attacking vessel. Fenno left Trout after four patrols and went on to command Runner (SS-275).
|USN photo from the book: These Men Shall Never Die by Lowell Thomas (Philadelphia: John C. Winston Co.,1943), p. 52.
Text and photo submitted by Bill Gonyo.
|151k||Devilfish (SS-292), portside view, probably in Philadelphia, PA., during her shakedown period 1943-44.||Courtesy of subnet.com.|
|1.30k||Devilfish (SS-292) on 29 September 1944, four weeks after commissioning.||US National Archives photo # 80G-453402, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.|
|680k||Devilfish (SS-292), coming into port past an LST, circa 1945.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org|
|220k||Crew of the Devilfish (SS-292) circa 1944-45.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org|
|79k||Devilfish (SS-292) Battleflag circa 1944-45.||U.S. Navy photo, courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org|
|197k||The submarine tender Griffin (AS-13), at Midway with three of her charges between 26 August and 1 September 1945 The three boats are not identified, but boats at Midway at that time included Piranha (SS-389), Lionfish (SS-298), Moray (SS-300), Devilfish (SS-292),and Hackleback (SS-295).|
The outboard boat is an EB boat, but none of the above boats are EB boats, all Cramp or Portsmouth-built, so they are unidentified for now.
|USN photo from the collection of Benton E. Buell, CWO 4, USN, courtesy of David Buell.|
|152k||Devilfish (SS-292), starboard view at anchor, possibly before joining the Reserve fleet at Mare Island, circa January 1946.||USN photo courtesy of David Buell.|
|137k||Reserve fleet at Mare Island, circa January 1946. There are 52 submarines and 4 Sub Tenders in this photo. This photo is a Berthing list identifying the ships in the picture.||Photo commemorating 50 years, U. S. Submarine Veterans of WW II 1996 calendar, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|453k||Photo of the Reserve fleet at Mare Island, circa January 1946. There are 52 submarines and 4 Sub Tenders in this photo. Whether coincidental or on purpose, the number of boats in the photo is the same as that which were lost in WW II.|
From back to front and left to right, first group of 12 boats:
From back to front and left to right, second group of 12 boats:
From back to front and left to right, third group of 12 boats:
From back to front and left to right, fourth group of 12 boats:
From back to front and left to right, last group of 4 boats:
From back to front, Submarine Tenders group of 4 ships:
|Photo commemorating 50 years, U. S. Submarine Veterans of WW II 1996 calendar, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|531k||3 photo PDF history of the Devilfish (SS-292).||USN photos courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|89k||Devilfish (SS-292), being sunk as a target by Wahoo (SS-565) at San Francisco, CA., 14 August 1968.||U.S. Navy photo, courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.|
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