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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patch on left contributed by John Hummel, in middle by Harold F.(Carl) Carlson & submitted by Gary Carlson. Patch on right by Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.

Guitarro (SS-363)

Radio Call Sign: November - Juliet - Hotel - Papa

Gato Class Laid down, 7 April 1943, at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.; Launched, 26 September 1943; Commissioned USS Guitarro (SS-363), 26 January 1944; Towed in a floating dry-dock down Illinois and Mississippi Rivers from Chicago, IL to the Algiers Naval Station in New Orleans, LA for re-assembly of mast and periscopes and to receive stores for combat 6 December 1945. Decommissioned on 6 December 1946 and laid up at Mare Island Group, Pacific Reserve Fleet. Recommissioned on 6 February 1952, Guitarro sailed for San Diego, CA for overhaul and training exercises. Decommissioned 22 September 1953 for GUPPY (snorkel) configuration. Commissioned again on 15 May 1954 and commenced training Turkish Navy personnel under terms of Military Assistance Program. Decommissioned at Mare Island on 7 August 1954; transferred (on loan) to Republic of Turkey and commissioned in Turkish Navy as TCG Preveze (D-7). Re numbered (S-22) in 1955 and on 1959 accordance with the NATO pendant system, renumbered TCG Preveze (S-340)).Her name was cancelled on 22 March 1965 to clear the name for SSN-665, ordered in December 1964 to be built by Mare Island Naval Shipyard at Vallejo, CA. On 1 January 1972.
On 1 January 1971, TCG Preveze (S-340) was sold to Turkey; struck from the Naval Vessel Registry of the United States and the title transferred. Decommissioned from Turkish Navy on 4 May 1972.
She was renamed Ceryan Botu (No.4) and served as a charging boat at Golcuk Navy Yard without a sail until she was scrapped in September 1983. Her sail was used as a memorial at the sub base until the earthquake on 17 August 1999.
Guitarro was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation and four battle stars for World War II service.
Researched by CTRC Donald J. Wagner, USN (Ret.), Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy, & Yves Hubert for NavSource.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 1,526 t., Submerged: 2,424 t.; Length 311' 9"; Beam 27' 3"; Draft 15' 3"; Speed, Surfaced 20.25 kts, Submerged 8.75 kts; Cruising Range, 11,000 miles surfaced at 10kts; Submerged Endurance, 48 hours at 2kts; Operating Depth, 300 ft; Complement 6 Officers 54 Enlisted; Armament, ten 21" torpedo tubes, six forward, four aft, 24 torpedoes, one 3"/50 deck gun, two .30 cal. machine guns; Patrol Endurance 75 days; Propulsion, diesel-electric reduction gear with four General Motors main generator diesel engines, 5,400 hp, Fuel Capacity, 116,000 gals., four General Electric main motors with 2,740 hp, two 126-cell main storage batteries, two propellers.
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Guitarro16k Commemorative post mark on the occasion of Guitarro's (SS-363) keel laying, 7 April 1943. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Guitarro36k Commissioning party emblem of the Guitarro (SS-363), at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co, Manitowoc, WI., 18 January 1944.
Editors Note: There are over 200 images submitted on these pages covering the following submarines that were constructed at the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co, Manitowoc, WI,: SS-265 through SS-274, and SS-361 through SS-380.
None of them would have seen the light of day if it were not for the efforts of Curator, Asst. Director, Bill Thiesen of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, and Larry Bohn, who sent them to NavSource for publication.
A special debt of gratitude is owed to these two men and the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, home of the Cobia (SS-245) for allowing these photographs to be seen by the lovers of naval history worldwide.
Guitarro1.66kGuitarro (SS-363) was sponsored by Mrs. Ross T. McIntire, wife of the Chief of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.Text courtesy of DANFS.
Photo courtesy of Matthew C. Hanson, Archivist, Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library.
Photo added 09/30/13.
Guitarro1.82kGetting an appropriate does of medicine administered:
The Guitarro (SS-363) was sponsored by Mrs. Ross T. McIntire, wife of the Chief of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
Vice Admiral Ross McIntire joined the Navy as a physician in 1917. In 1933 he was appointed White House Physician, serving in that capacity until 1945. From 1938 to 1946 he was also Surgeon General of the Navy and Chief of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery of the Navy. After retiring from the Navy in 1947, he became National Administrator of the American Red Cross blood donor program, a position he held until 1960. He also served as the Chairman of the President's Committee on Employment of the Physically Handicapped, 1947-1954.
Partial text courtesy of docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu.
Photo courtesy of Matthew C. Hanson, Archivist, Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library.
Insert photo courtesy of ihm.nlm.nih.gov
Photo added 09/30/13.
Guitarro57k With a view reminiscent of an ancient oar driven galley, the Guitarro (SS-363) rests on her launching timbers just prior to being side launched on the building ways into the Manitowoc River at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co, Manitowoc, WI., 26 January 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Guitarro89kGuitarro's (SS-363) bow is wrapped in decorative bunting just prior to being side launched on the building ways at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co, Manitowoc, WI., 26 January 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Guitarro85kStarboard quarter view of the Guitarro (SS-363) just prior to being side launched on the building ways at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co, Manitowoc, WI., 26 January 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Guitarro84kGuitarro (SS-363) enters the water at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co, Manitowoc, WI., 26 January 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Manitowoc55k Watercolor print by the artist Tom Denton of the side launching of a Manitowoc built boat. Courtesy of submarineart.com.
Guitarro14k Commemorative post mark on the occasion of Guitarro's (SS-363) commissioning, 26 January 1944. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Guitarro109kWith no one on deck, the Guitarro (SS-363) stretches her sea legs, possibly during trials in Lake Michigan, 1944. USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Guitarro224kGuitarro (SS-363) bow view, 1945.National Archives (NARA) photo # 80-G-389816, Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Harry Berns485kPhoto of Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
The photo of the Golet (SS-361) encased in snow appears on the wall above him on the upper right.
His obituary appears here.
Photo courtesy of Susan Menk, Archives Assistant, Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Dee Anna Grimsrud,Reference Archivist, Wisconsin Historical Society, Steve Khail, CBC, Director of Investor Relations & Corporate Communications, The Manitowoc Company, Inc. & William Young.
Guitarro85kGuitarro (SS-363) WW II battleflag. USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Guitarro88kGuitarro's (SS-363) flag that belonged to skipper Cdr "Ricky" Haskins.Photo courtesy of Judy Junque.
Guitarro293kGuitarro (SS-363) underway, circa 1944 - 45. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Mare Island Reserve Fleet137kReserve fleet at Mare Island, circa January 1946. There are 52 submarines and 4 Sub Tenders in this photo. This photo is a Berthing list identifying the ships in the picture. Photo commemorating 50 years, U. S. Submarine Veterans of WW II 1996 calendar, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Mare Island Reserve Fleet453kPhoto of the Reserve fleet at Mare Island, circa January 1946. There are 52 submarines and 4 Sub Tenders in this photo. Whether coincidental or on purpose, the number of boats in the photo is the same as that which were lost in WW II.
From back to front and left to right, first group of 12 boats:
Sandlance (SS-381)
Tunny (SS-282)
Aspro (SS-309)
Lionfish (SS-298)
Guvania (SS-362)
Sunfish (SS-281)
Macabi (SS-375)
Gurnard (SS-254)
Pampanito (SS-383)
Mingo (SS-261)
Guitarro (SS-363)
Bashaw (SS-241)
From back to front and left to right, second group of 12 boats:
Sealion (SS-315)
Hammerhead (SS-364)
Bream (SS-243)
Seahorse (SS-304)
Tinosa (SS-283)
Pintado (SS-387)
Mapiro (SS-376)
Pipefish (SS-388)
Moray (SS-300)
Batfish (SS-310)
Hackleback (SS-295)
Bluegill (SS-242)
From back to front and left to right, third group of 12 boats:
Hawkbill (SS-366)
Menhaden (SS-377)
Perch (SS-313)
Loggerhead (SS-374)
Barbero (SS-317)
Baya (SS-318)
Hardhead (SS-365)
Spadefish (SS-411)
Springer (SS-414)
Devilfish (SS-292)
Kraken (SS-370)
Dragonet (SS-293)
From back to front and left to right, fourth group of 12 boats:
Lamprey (SS-372)
Piranha (SS-389)
Manta (SS-299)
Pargo (SS-264)
Rancador (SS-301)
Archerfish (SS-311)
Mero (SS-378)
Sawfish (SS-276)
Spot (SS-413)
Lizardfish (SS-373)
Jallao (SS-368)
Icefish (SS-367)
From back to front and left to right, last group of 4 boats:
Steelhead (SS-280)
Puffer (SS-268)
Stickleback (SS-415)
Trepang (SS-412)
From back to front, Submarine Tenders group of 4 ships:
Pelias (AS-14)
Aegir (AS-23)
Euryale (AS-22)
Griffin (AS-13)
Photo commemorating 50 years, U. S. Submarine Veterans of WW II 1996 calendar, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Mare Island Reserve Fleet 900k Inactivated submarines at Mare Island on 3 January 1946.
Front row left to right: Sand Lance (SS-381), next two could be Sealion (SS-315) and Seahorse (SS-304), Searaven (SS-196), Pampanito (SS-383), Gurnard (SS-254), Mingo (SS-261), Guitarro (SS-363), Bashaw (SS-241).
Back row left to right: Unknown, Tunny (SS-282), next three could be Sargo (SS-188), Spearfish (SS-190), and Saury (SS-189), Macabi (SS-375), Sunfish (SS-281), Guavina (SS-362), Lionfish (SS-298),Piranha (SS-389).
The Scabbardfish (SS-397) is docked in ARD-11 on the other side of the causeway.

The mixture of boats from the Salmon/Sargo, Gato, and Balao classes illustrate the clear differences in the conning tower fairwaters and the periscope shears that can be used to identify boats. The high bridges with the uncovered support frames (the "covered wagon" look) of the Gatos and Salmon/Sargo's contrast with the low and sleek look of the Balao's. The fatter, more robust periscope shears of the Balao's are markedly different from the thinner shears with more supporting structure of the Gatos and Salmon/Sargo's.
The differences in the pattern of the superstructure limber holes can also be used for identification purposes. The single row of large semi-circular holes identify Electric Boat or Manitowoc boats. A dual row of smaller rectangular holes mark the government built boats. Also note that the EB/Manitowoc boats have the deck mounted, T-shaped JP sonar head on the starboard side of the forward deck, while the government boats have it on the port side.
EB/Manitowoc boats had the anchor on the starboard side, the government boats on the port side. A close look will show that some of the boats have had the anchor removed and the hawsepipe plated over as part of the mothball process.
Most of the boats have the late war radar outfit of the SJ surface search (small dish) and SV air search (large dish). The Balao's and some of the Gatos have the SS dish mounted on a separate large mast aft of the periscopes. The older Salmon/Sargo's and Gatos have a much smaller mast. Searaven appears to have had her radars already removed.
Searaven is actually sporting a late war SJ surface search antennae mounted to starboard of the periscopes. This is a rare installation. Most often it was mounted forward (early war) or aft (late war) of the 'scopes shears. Her air search set is a late war SD antennae mounted on a stub mast directly aft of the 'scopes. Searaven never received the much more capable SV air search set. Having been assigned to training duties after November, 1944 it was probably felt that the SV set was not necessary.
One strange thing: almost all of the boats appear to have the outer doors of the forward torpedo tubes open. Even though the boats have an interlock system that prevents the breech and outer doors from being opened at the same time, this is an unusual thing to do and a potential source of catastrophic flooding.
U.S. Navy photo # 17-46, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Text courtesy of David Johnston, USNR.
Who Am I?289kInactivated submarines at Mare Island in early 1946.
Front row left to right: Sand Lance (SS-381), next two could be Sealion (SS-315) and Seahorse (SS-304), Searaven (SS-196), Pampanito (SS-383), Gurnard (SS-254), Mingo (SS-261), Guitarro (SS-363), Bashaw (SS-241).
Back row left to right: Unknown, Tunny (SS-282), next three could be Sargo (SS-188), Spearfish (SS-190), and Saury (SS-189), Macabi (SS-375), Sunfish (SS-281), Guavina (SS-362), Lionfish (SS-298),Piranha (SS-389).
The Scabbardfish (SS-397) is docked in ARD-11 on the other side of the causeway.
Tiru (SS-416) is on the ways in upper left hand side of photo. Two ferry boats (to the right of Tiru's ways) are YHB-2 / [ex-Post of Stockton] and YHB-21 / [ex-Tamalpais].
Photo i.d. courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
US Navy photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
MINSY Recommissioning2.10kMultiple submarine re-commissioning at Mare Island on 6 February 1952. Guitarro (SS-363) is submarine to the left, outboard of her is Hammerhead (SS-364), and Hardhead (SS-365). USN photo # 11787-2-52, courtesy of Darryl Baker via Vallejo Naval and Historical Museum.
Lacy 49k Lacy Jr., Paul Lindsay, a native of Dallas, Texas, graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1943 and attained the rank of Rear Admiral in July, 1967. After duty aboard the Cleveland (CL-56), he served aboard the submarine Sea Cat (SS-399) in the closing days of World War II. He has commanded three submarines -- Guitarro (SS-363), Pickerel (SS-524) and the nuclear-powered Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarine Ethan Allen (SSBN-608). Prior to SUBPAC, RADM Lacy was assigned as Manager, Later Design Attack Submarine Project in Washington, D.C. Lacy assumed the duties of Commander Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet on 13 October 1970. He died on Sunday, 14 July 2013. RADM. Paul Lindsay Lacy was the commanding officer of the Guitarro (SS-363) from 1952 to 1953. Text courtesy of Ron Reeves.
USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
MINSY Recommissioning1.80kMembers of the Naval Reserve Submarine Division 12-11 are manning the 40mm gun aboard the Guitarro (SS-363) in September 1953. Left to right are Charles Kersthold, Peter Erickson, Frederick Davis, John Estes and Charles Warnock while LT J. B Kettele looks on. USN photo # 092352 TH 01, courtesy of Darryl Baker via Vallejo Naval and Historical Museum.
Guitarro165k General view of the re-commissioning ceremonies aboard Guitarro (SS-363) at Mare Island on 15 May 1954. USN photo # 21105-5-54, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Guitarro2.20kColors raised. The crew & officers of the newly commissioned submarine Guitarro (SS-363) salute the U.S. flag after it was raised over the ship at Mare Island on 15 May 1954. The Guitarro is due to be turned over to the Turkish Navy in two months.Photo courtesy of Vallejo Times Herald via Darryl L. Baker.
Guitarro 112kGuitarro (SS-363) at Mare Island on 1 July 1954.Mare Island Navy Yard Ship Files, NARA San Francisco, Photo # NY9-21880-7-54, courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.
Guitarro656kFour former members of the Guitarro (SS-363) were at the commissioning of the Guitarro (SSN-665) at Mare Island on 9 September 1972. Left to right: Henry W. Knoth, Charles A Foskett, RADM Paul L. Lacy (COMSUBPAC) who was the last of skipper of Guitarro and Joe Purcell. USN photo # 112557-9-72 TH, courtesy of Darryl Baker via Vallejo Naval and Historical Museum.
TCG Preveze (S-340)
Guitarro48kPreparing for the transfer to Turkey. The Guitarro (SS-363) at Mare Island, Navy Yard, June 1954, looking aft. Her conning tower has been streamlined and the light AA guns removed. USN photo courtesy of Robert Hurst.
Guitarro134k The Preveze (D-7), circa 1954. Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Guitarro78kUnder new ownership: The ex-Guitarro (SS-363) as the Turkish Preveze (S-22) 1954. USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
The Family 136k Turkish Family photo of Snorkeled Submarines June 1955. The boats were originally numbered with the letter D-#. After all the subs underwent snorkel conversion at Phila. Naval Ship Yard, their numerical was changed to S-#, which was still occurring when this photo was taken.
Submarines pictured from left to right outboard of their tender TCG Erkin:
Gur (S-20),
Cerbe (S-23),
I I.no"nu" (D-1) (1 or 2 days later (S-17)]
Canakkale (S-21),
Sakarya (S-19),
Preveze (S-22) &
Inonu (S-18).

In the background are two floating drydocks and in the far right are 4 Ellyson Class Destroyers:
Gaziantep (D-344), {ex-Landsdowne (DD-486)}
Giresun (D-345), {ex-McCalla (DD-488)}
Gelibolu (D-346), {ex-Buchanan (DD-484)}
Gemlik (D-347), {ex-Lardner (DD-487)} and the Yavuz (C-11), ex-German Battlecruiser Goeben.
Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.
Guitarro121k The Preveze (S-22) on a Mediterranian Sea exercise, circa 1958. Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Guitarro107k The Preveze (S-340), now wearing a different number, circa 1960. Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Guitarro71k The Preveze (S-340), starboard side view and still sporting a deck gun, circa 1960. Photo courtesy of A. & J. Pavia from Jane's Fighting Ships, 1961-62 edition & submitted by Robert Hurst.
Mero200kThree subs moored together:
First boat outboard is the ex-Guitarro (SS-363) as the Turkish Preveze (S-340),
Middle boat is the ex-Mapiro (SS-376), as the Pirireis (S-343),
The ex-Mero (SS-378) is now the Hizirreis (S-344) & is flag drapped by the Turkish national ensign on the 77 th Submarine reunion day ceremony on the Subbase pier, 23 June 1963.
Photo courtesy of Cu"neyt Demir. Photo i.d. courtesy of Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.
Guitarro143k The Preveze (S-340) silhouetted against the mountains, 1970. Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Family 67k Turkish submarine family photo shows the following six boats from pier to outboard:
Cerbe (S-341), ex-Hammerhead (SS-364),
Inonu (S-331), ex-Blueback (SS-326),
Gur (S-334), ex-Chub (SS-329),
Preveze (S-340), ex-Guitarro (SS-363),
Sakarya (S-332), ex-Boarfish (SS-327),
with Pirireis (Y-1242) as Facility charging boat, the ex-Mapiro (SS-376).
Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.
Guitarro129k The Preveze (S-340) Sail as a memorial in front of the Sub Base from 10-10-1972 to till Earthquake 17-08-1999.Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Guitarro161k The Preveze (S-340), memorial Sail found herself inside of the sea 17-08-1999 Earthquake. Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy.

View the Guitarro (SS-363)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Ep-21 (1) - Victory At Sea ~ Full Fathom Five - HQ
Manitowoc Built Submarines

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