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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patches on left & center contributed by Mike Smolinski, patch on right by Don McGrogan, BMCS, USN (ret.)

Hammerhead (SS-364)

Radio Call Sign: November - Juliet - Tango - Whiskey

Gato Class : Laid down, 5 May 1943, at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.; Launched, 24 October 1943; Commissioned USS Hammerhead (SS-364), 1 March 1944. After a month of training on Lake Michigan, Hammerhead was placed in a floating dry-dock and towed down the Illinois and Mississippi River system to Algiers Naval Station at New Orleans, LA for minor reassembled and provisioning for combat.
Decommissioned on 9 February 1946 and laid up at the Mare Island Group of the Pacific Reserve Fleet. Recommissioned again on 6 February 1952 for overhaul and training exercise. Decommissioned on 21 August 1953 for Guppy (snorkel) configurationin preparation for loan under provisions of the Military Assistance Program. Commissioned on 16 July 1954 and departed for North Island, San Diego, CA. After training Turkish Naval personnel, Hammerhead decommissioned on 23 October 1954 and transferred (on loan)to the Republic of Turkey. On the same day, she was Commissioned in Turkish Navy as TCG Cerbe (D-8). Re numbered (S-23), 1955 and on 1959 accordance with the NATO pendant system, renumberd TCG Cebre (S-341).
Her name was cancelled on 22 March 1965 to clear the name for SSN-663, ordered in May 1964 to be built by Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company.
On 1 January 1972, she was officially sold to Turkey; struck from the Naval Vessel Registry (NVR) and the title transferred.
Cerbe Decommissioned from the Turkish Navy on 4 May 1972 and was scrapped. Hammerhead was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation and seven battle stars for World War II service.
Researched by CTRC Donald J. Wagner, USN (Ret.) & Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy & Yves Hubert for NavSource.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 1,526 t., Submerged: 2,424 t.; Length 311' 9"; Beam 27' 3"; Draft 15' 3"; Speed, Surfaced 20.25 kts, Submerged 8.75 kts; Cruising Range, 11,000 miles surfaced at 10kts; Submerged Endurance, 48 hours at 2kts; Operating Depth, 300 ft; Complement 6 Officers 54 Enlisted; Armament, ten 21" torpedo tubes, six forward, four aft, 24 torpedoes, one 3"/50 deck gun, two .30 cal. machine guns; Patrol Endurance 75 days; Propulsion, diesel-electric reduction gear with four General Motors main generator diesel engines, 5,400 hp, Fuel Capacity, 116,000 gals., four General Electric main motors with 2,740 hp, two 126-cell main storage batteries, two propellers.


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Hammerhead 71kOne hundred and seventy one days after her keel was laid, the Hammerhead (SS-364) is about to be launched at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI. 24 October 1943.Editors Note: There are over 200 images submitted on these pages covering the following submarines that were constructed at the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co, Manitowoc, WI,:
SS-265 through SS-274, and SS-361 through SS-380.
None of them would have seen the light of day if it were not for the efforts of Curator, Asst. Director, Bill Thiesen of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum and Larry Bohn, who sent them to NavSource for publication.
A special debt of gratitude is owed to these two men and the Wisconsin Maritime Museum, home of the Cobia (SS-245) for allowing these photographs to be seen by the lovers of naval history worldwide.
Hammerhead 490kHammerhead (SS-364) starts her slide into the Manitowoc River.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
USN Archive photo # N-70902 and text courtesy of The Floating Drydock, "Fleet Subs of WW II" by Thomas F. Walkowiak.
Manitowoc55k Watercolor print by the artist Tom Denton of the side launching of a Manitowoc built boat.Courtesy ofsubmarineart.com
Hammerhead 15kCommemorative postal cover on the occasion of Hammerhead's (SS-364) launching at Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI., 24 October 1943. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Hammerhead 98kHammerhead (SS-364) underway, port side view during sea trials in Lake Michigan, October 1943.USN photo courtesy of John Hummel.
Hammerhead 46kHammerhead (SS-364) underway starboard side view, covered in snow during sea trials in Lake Michigan, before her commissioning in 1 March 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Hammerhead 212kHammerhead (SS-364) snowbound conning tower during sea trials in Lake Michigan before her commissioning in 22 February 1944.USN photo courtesy of John Hummel.
Hammerhead 37kHammerhead (SS-364) snowbound conning tower during sea trials in Lake Michigan before her commissioning in 1 March 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Hardhead224kCovered in snow & ice during sea trials in Lake Michigan, Hammerhead (SS-364) is pictured here shortly before her commissioning in 1 March 1944. USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Photo i.d. courtesy of John Hart.
Hardhead221k Snow and ice encrusts the deck and the bridge of the Hammerhead (SS-364) while on sea trials on Lake Michigan, February 44.USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Photo i.d. courtesy of John Hart.
Hammerhead 40kHammerhead (SS-364) logo for the ship's commissioning party, 1 March 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Hammerhead 43kHammerhead (SS-364) logo for the ship's commissioning, 1 March 1944.Photo by Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
Submitted by Larry Bohn, courtesy of the Wisconsin Maritime Museum home of the Cobia (SS-245)
Harry Berns485kPhoto of Harry Berns, Official photographer of the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, WI.
The photo of the Golet (SS-361) encased in snow appears on the wall above him on the upper right.
His obituary appears here.
Photo courtesy of Susan Menk, Archives Assistant, Wisconsin Maritime Museum, Dee Anna Grimsrud,Reference Archivist, Wisconsin Historical Society, Steve Khail, CBC, Director of Investor Relations & Corporate Communications, The Manitowoc Company, Inc. & William Young.
Hammerhead 46k Big Christmas dinner on board the Hammerhead (SS-364), 25 December 1944, while they were on their 3rd war patrol. They were off the coast of Luzon, P.I. about 60 to 100 miles at this time, patrolling about 20 miles each night. The captain wrote as his entry for that Christmas: "Had one of the best Xmas dinners I've ever had in the Navy. Comissary outfit certainly did themselves proud. Fancy hand painted menus and "all the fixins." Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 30k The Hammerhead (SS-364) entering Freemantle harbor, Western Australia, after 5th War Patrol, 1944. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 27k Hammerhead's (SS-364) Battle flags, entering Freemantle, Australia, after 5th War Patrol, 1944. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 30k Crew of the Hammerhead (SS-364) enjoying Christmas Dinner, 1944, off Luzon, P.I. Note that two of the crewmen are wearing night glasses as they prepare for night lookout duty. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 35k Crew of the Hammerhead (SS-364) in very cramped quarters enjoying Christmas Dinner, 1944, off Luzon, P.I. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 106kSeaman James Royce "Red" Hatch, serving as a lookout in the Hammerhead's (SS-364) conning tower while in the South China Sea during her 5th War Patrol, 1944. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Mary Hatch Thiesen.
Hammerhead 31kCorrigan increases in grade and goes overboard, 1944. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 41kHeron makes chief and goes overboard, 1944. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 33k Spencer increases in grade and goes overboard, 1944. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 32k Welcome band as Hammerhead (SS-364) pulls into Pearl Harbor, August 1945. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 50k Hammerhead (SS-364) crew, Hunters Point, CA, August 1945. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 39k Some of the crew of the Hammerhead (SS-364) at Subic Bay, 1945: Philpot, Moore, Doerflein, Basset. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 25k Bow view of the Hammerhead (SS-364) with an endless and landless horizon in the South China Sea, during the 5th War Patrol, 1944. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 23kNews clipping of the Hammerhead (SS-364) arriving at Mare Island on 30 August 1945. USN photo contributed by Darryl L. Baker.
Hammerhead 28k Hammerhead (SS-364) pulls into Hunters Point, CA, August 1945. Chief Pharmacist Delarious in conning tower; Coxswain Roden in foreground. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 34k Hammerhead (SS-364) pulls into Hunters Point, CA, August 1945. Captain Smith, left, Lt. Walters, right. Photo taken by Seaman Shrimpton, submitted courtesy of Edward J. Doerflein & Carol Doerflein.
Hammerhead 32k A portion of the 19 Jap flags as seen in this news clipping when the Hammerhead (SS-364) arrived in San Francisco Bay in August 1945. USN photo contributed by Darryl L. Baker.
Hammerhead 35k News clipping of 1 September1945 showing crew members hold the Hammerhead's (SS-364) battle flag. USN photo contributed by Darryl L. Baker.
Hammerhead 49kHammerhead (SS-364) WW II battleflag. USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Unknown Photos 1.18k The table below lists the location of submarines at Mare Island on 20 September 1945. This information was pulled from microfiche copies of the hand written shipyard journals. Iím surprised that both the clipping and my table show 21 subs at the yard on the date in question. The photo is looking north and berth 3 is at the top of the photo and then the berths run down or south.
Berth 3 - Springer (SS-414) & Spadefish (SS-411)
Berth 4 - Guavina (SS-362) & Barbero (SS-317)
Berth 5 - Hammerhead (SS-364), Tinosa (SS-283), Mapiro (SS-376) & Moray (SS-300)
Berth 6 - Bream (SS-243), Seahorse (SS-304), Batfish (SS-310) & Aspro (SS-309)
Berth 7 - Pomfret (SS-391), Parche (SS-384) & Sunfish (SS-281)
Berth 8 - Queenfish (SS-393)
Berth 9 - Lionfish (SS-298) & Plaice (SS-390)
Dry Dock 1 - Bashaw (SS-241) & Mingo (SS-261)
Berth 12 - Guitarro (SS-363).
Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Hammerhead 1.37k Hammerhead (SS-364) underway, circa WW II & her history during the war. USN photo.
PDF courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Mare Island Reserve Fleet137kReserve fleet at Mare Island, circa January 1946. There are 52 submarines and 4 Sub Tenders in this photo. This photo is a Berthing list identifying the ships in the picture. Photo commemorating 50 years, U. S. Submarine Veterans of WW II 1996 calendar, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Mare Island Reserve Fleet453kPhoto of the Reserve fleet at Mare Island, circa January 1946. There are 52 submarines and 4 Sub Tenders in this photo. Whether coincidental or on purpose, the number of boats in the photo is the same as that which were lost in WW II.
From back to front and left to right, first group of 12 boats:
Sandlance (SS-381)
Tunny (SS-282)
Aspro (SS-309)
Lionfish (SS-298)
Guvania (SS-362)
Sunfish (SS-281)
Macabi (SS-375)
Gurnard (SS-254)
Pampanito (SS-383)
Mingo (SS-261)
Guitarro (SS-363)
Bashaw (SS-241)
From back to front and left to right, second group of 12 boats:
Sealion (SS-315)
Hammerhead (SS-364)
Bream (SS-243)
Seahorse (SS-304)
Tinosa (SS-283)
Pintado (SS-387)
Mapiro (SS-376)
Pipefish (SS-388)
Moray (SS-300)
Batfish (SS-310)
Hackleback (SS-295)
Bluegill (SS-242)
From back to front and left to right, third group of 12 boats:
Hawkbill (SS-366)
Menhaden (SS-377)
Perch (SS-313)
Loggerhead (SS-374)
Barbero (SS-317)
Baya (SS-318)
Hardhead (SS-365)
Spadefish (SS-411)
Springer (SS-414)
Devilfish (SS-292)
Kraken (SS-370)
Dragonet (SS-293)
From back to front and left to right, fourth group of 12 boats:
Lamprey (SS-372)
Piranha (SS-389)
Manta (SS-299)
Pargo (SS-264)
Rancador (SS-301)
Archerfish (SS-311)
Mero (SS-378)
Sawfish (SS-276)
Spot (SS-413)
Lizardfish (SS-373)
Jallao (SS-368)
Icefish (SS-367)
From back to front and left to right, last group of 4 boats:
Steelhead (SS-280)
Puffer (SS-268)
Stickleback (SS-415)
Trepang (SS-412)
From back to front, Submarine Tenders group of 4 ships:
Pelias (AS-14)
Aegir (AS-23)
Euryale (AS-22)
Griffin (AS-13)
Photo commemorating 50 years, U. S. Submarine Veterans of WW II 1996 calendar, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Mare Island Reserve Fleet 1.93k Aerial view of decommissioned submarine at Mare Island Reserve Fleet taken on 18 March 1946. The majority of the personnel topside are navy personnel. I would say they are still inactivating the subs.
Submarines are from top to bottom: Bashaw (SS-241), Guitarro (SS-363), Mingo (SS-261), Gurnard (SS-254), Pampanito (SS-383), Sand Lance (SS-381), Bream (SS-243), Hammerhead (SS-364) Sealion (SS-315), Tinosa (SS-283) & Pintado (SS-387) plus YC 316.
USN photo courtesy of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum via Darryl L. Baker.
Photo added 09/18/15.
MINSY Recommissioning2.10kMultiple submarine re-commissioning at Mare Island on 6 February 1952. Guitarro (SS-363) is submarine to the left, outboard of her is Hammerhead (SS-364), and Hardhead (SS-365). USN photo # 11787-2-52, courtesy of Darryl Baker via Vallejo Naval and Historical Museum.
TCG Cerbe (S-341)
Hammerhead 103kTransfer ceremony of the Cerbe (D-8) on 23 October 1954 in San Diego.Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Hammerhead 100kCerbe (S-341) circa late 1960's.Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Hammerhead 100kCerbe (S-341) with a flag hanging from her yardarm where in Wisconsin it would carry a different meaning.Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Hammerhead 71kCerbe (S-341) plies the seas in 1961.Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk CPOS (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Family 67k Turkish submarine family photo shows the following six boats from pier to outboard:
Cerbe (S-341), ex-Hammerhead (SS-364),
Inonu (S-331), ex-Blueback (SS-326),
Gur (S-334), ex-Chub (SS-329),
(S-340), ex-Guitarro (SS-363),
Sakarya (S-332), ex-Boarfish (SS-327),
with Pirireis (Y-1242) as Facility charging boat, the ex-Mapiro (SS-376).
Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.

View the Hammerhead (SS-364)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Ep-21 (1) - Victory At Sea ~ Full Fathom Five - HQ
Manitowoc Built Submarines

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