Please report any broken links or trouble you might come across to the Webmaster.
Please take a moment to let us know so that we can correct any problems and make your visit as enjoyable and as informative as possible.
|Click On Image |
For Full Size Image
|9.60k||29 page PDF showing General Plans for the Parche (SS-384).||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|178k||Miss Nancy Green, maid of honor, Rear Admiral T. Withers, U.S.N., Miss Betty Russell, sponsor, at launching of Parche (SS-384) launched at Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H. 24 July 1943.||National Archives Identifier: 12562989
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Photo added 05/26/17.
|118k||Launching of Parche (SS-384), at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H. 24 July 1943.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|103k||The national ensign blows in the breeze as the Parche (SS-384) is launched at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H. 24 July 1943.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.|
|1.10k||This photo and the inset were originally thought to be Flasher (SS-249) underway off the Atlantic coast following her commissioning on 25 September 1943.
It is a Government design 2/1/1 configured Balao class boat. If we assume the date on the photo is correct, we can use this to narrow down the list of boats. I think the date is consistent with the features in the photo, i.e. the crew topside are wearing heavy coats, which corresponds to a late fall New England location.
So, using these parameters I can narrow the list down to Archerfish (SS-311), Burrfish (SS-312), Sand Lance (SS-381), Picuda (SS-382), Pampanito (SS-383), and Parche (SS-384). There isn't much more to go on in the photos. I think what happened is that Flasher was also running trials on this date and the photographer got his boats mixed up. Electric Boat was still building Gatos when Portsmouth was already pushing out Balaos. EB had a much larger contract for a greater number of Gatos than did Portsmouth and therefore took longer to complete her production run. For a period of time it would have been common to see brand new Gatos and brand new Balaos sitting next to each other at the piers in New London.
|US National Archives photo # 80-G-450241 & 80-G-450235, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.|
Photo i.d. & text courtesy of David Johnston (USNR).
|50k||Commemorative launching tag of the Parche (SS-384), Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H. 24 July 1943.||Photo courtesy of Ron Toth, Jr. via Tom Kermen.|
|322k||Comdr. L. P. Ramage reads Parche's (SS-384) commissioning orders on 20 November 1943 at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|162k||"Come and get it! "Red" Ramage, the first C.O. of the Parche (SS-384) serving it up hot to the Japanese. In this night surface attack on a heavily guarded convoy off Formosa, the lone sub played havoc with the enemy. "Commanding Officer courageously remained at his station on the bridge to maneuver his ship more effectively."||Drawing by Lt. Cmdr. Fred Freemen, Courtesy of Theodore Roscoe, from his book "U.S. Submarine Operations of WW II", published by USNI.|
|64k||Oil on canvas by the artist John Meeks entitled "I got Mad..!" |
Parche (SS-384) achieved fame on 31 July 1944. Her skipper, Lawson P. ("Red") Ramage, had worked his way into the middle of a Japanese convoy in the pre-dawn hours of that morning, and soon had his hands full with a very busy day.
Firing two torpedoes at one of the ships, Ramage realized that its evasive maneuvering had given him a chance at shots at two tankers and a Japanese Naval escort. Firing no less than eight torpedoes in quick succession, from both stern and bow tubes, he took care of both tankers. Mayhem ensued !
The convoy started to break up, escorts dashed in all directions, and firing at the rogue sub. came from every-which-where ! For a full forty-five minutes, on the surface, with only himself and his executive officer on the conning tower, Ramage used the big fleet submarine like a PT boat. One can only imagine what it was like to be working in the engine room or the torpedo rooms of Parche during the action! At one point, she narrowly avoided being rammed, and passed a Japanese vessel going in the opposite direction a mere fifty feet away ! So close that Ramage and his exec. exchanged enraged insults and gestures with the equally enraged Japanese crew !
Eventually the unharmed submarine was able to disengage and slip away into the early morning darkness. Behind him, "Red" Ramage left two confirmed sinking totaling 15000 tons, several more thousand tons of damaged merchant and naval shipping, a broken convoy that was in total disarray and still firing at itself and, in conjunction with Steelhead (SS-280) - which was also in the vicinity - assisted in the sinking of three more ships ! A remarkable performance - and a thundering good yarn !
Later, when interviewed about the exploit, Commander Ramage expressed his motivation at the time .... "...I got mad ... !" he said.
For getting mad, Ramage was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, and Parche received a Presidential Citation.
|Photo & text courtesy of subart.net.|
|82k||Commander Lawson Paterson "Red" Ramage's Medal of Honor exploit occurred during Parche's (SS-384) second war patrol, when she joined Steelhead (SS-280) and Hammerhead (SS-364) for another wolf pack patrol in the Luzon Strait during June and July 1944. For six weeks after leaving Midway on 17 June, the group had little success in locating the enemy, and their only kill was a small patrol craft sunk by Ramage with his deck gun. On 30 July, however, Hammerhead encountered a large convoy and moved in to attack after attempting to send its position to the other two boats. Hammerhead failed to score any kills, and even more unfortunately, her sighting report was so confused and misleading that Parche and Steelhead spent a full day searching for the convoy while being harassed by enemy aircraft. Finally, early on the morning of 31 July, Parche and Steelhead found their quarry on radar, and Steelhead - under CDR David Whelchel - attacked first, scored several hits, and withdrew to reload torpedo tubes.|
Seeing his own chance, Ramage took Parche into the middle of the convoy on the surface and precipitated a 46-minute melee in which he single-handedly took on both enemy escorts and merchantmen, firing 19 torpedoes in the process. Clearing the bridge of everyone but himself, Ramage threaded his way through two escorts and attacked first a freighter and then two tankers, scoring hits on all three. By now thoroughly alerted, the Japanese formation dissolved into a confused welter of wheeling ships and escorts, with Parche maneuvering violently in their midst, both to get off shots of opportunity and to avoid a storm of enemy deck-gun fire of every caliber. At one point, while Parche was engaged with two anti-submarine escorts, a small freighter loomed out of the night attempting to ram her. Ramage slammed the rudder hard over, and the two vessels passed port to starboard at a distance of only 50 feet. This maneuver put Parche directly in the path of an oncoming passenger-cargo ship, the Manko Maru, and with little other choice, Ramage loosed three bow shots "down the throat" of the oncoming threat.
Two torpedoes hit, slowing the victim down, but it took a quick turn to bring the stern tubes to bear for the coup de grace that sent Manko Maru to the bottom. At this point, as the remaining Japanese vessels fired fruitlessly into the night in all directions, and with no valuable targets nearby, Ramage pulled Parche out of the fight totally unscathed. Meanwhile, Whelchel, in Steelhead returned to the fray on the other side of the convoy and sank at least one more ship before being forced under by hostile aircraft at first light. While several other ships were damaged in this relentless attack, postwar reconstruction credited Parche and Steelhead with sinking two merchantmen each and collaborating on a fifth for a total of 39,000 tons of enemy shipping. And for his utter fearlessness, daring, and extraordinary tactical skill in successfully challenging an entire Japanese convoy to a night surface action, "Red" Ramage was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor by a grateful nation.
|USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.|
|119k||Citation of valor for Lawson Paterson Ramage, the first C.O. of the Parche (SS-384).||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.|
|467k||Chief Torpedo-man Don E. Walters is seen being congratulated upon his presentation of the Bronze Star.||USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|1.0m||Parche (SS-384) with YF-312 and S-30 (SS-135) outboard at Mare Island between 19 and 23 October 1945. The submarine to the left of Parche's sail is either Plaice (SS-390), Tinosa (SS-283) or Queenfish (SS-393). The Nereus (AS-17) is just visible left of the Parche's periscope shears.||USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|54k||WW II battleflag of the Parche (SS-384).||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.|
|98k||Chivo (SS-341) moored in Pearl Harbor with her decks awash. Skipjack (SS-184) & Parche (SS-384) moored off to the side, 1945.||USN photo courtesy of Medzius & usschivo.org via Bill Gonyo.|
|3.72k||Forty two page PDF of Parche's (SS-384) WWII diary.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|802k||Eight page PDF of Parche's (SS-384) history.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|7.60k||Sixty nine page PDF of Parche's (SS-384) WW II patrols.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|1.18k||The table below lists the location of submarines at Mare Island on 20 September 1945. This information was pulled from microfiche copies of the hand written shipyard journals. Iím surprised that both the clipping and my table show 21 subs at the yard on the date in question. The photo is looking north and berth 3 is at the top of the photo and then the berths run down or south.
Berth 3 - Springer (SS-414) & Spadefish (SS-411)
Berth 4 - Guavina (SS-362) & Barbero (SS-317)
Berth 5 - Hammerhead (SS-364), Tinosa (SS-283), Mapiro (SS-376) & Moray (SS-300)
Berth 6 - Bream (SS-243), Seahorse (SS-304), Batfish (SS-310) & Aspro (SS-309)
Berth 7 - Pomfret (SS-391), Parche (SS-384) & Sunfish (SS-281)
Berth 8 - Queenfish (SS-393)
Berth 9 - Lionfish (SS-298) & Plaice (SS-390)
Dry Dock 1 - Bashaw (SS-241) & Mingo (SS-261)
Berth 12 - Guitarro (SS-363).
|Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
|174k||Parche (SS-384) coming into a busy port before her test at Bikini.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com|
|415k||Parche (SS-384) coming into a busy port before her test at Bikini in 1946.||USN photo # 19-N-114075 courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com|
|189k||Starboard view of the Parche (SS-384) possibly after she survived both the air burst and the underwater burst of Operation Crossroads at Bikini lagoon 1 June 1946, coming through relatively undamaged. After decontamination, she proceeded to Mare Island. It is very likely that this photo is from that period and place.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.|
|2.38k||Parche (SS-384) entering Mare Island on 17 October 1946 after the Bikini Island tests.||USN photo from the files of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum via Darryl L. Baker.|
|197k||Parche (SS-384) at Mare Island in the Pacific Reserve Fleet after her role in Operation Crossroads on 17 October 1946.||USN photo # 3614-46, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|278k||Three veterans of Operation Crossroads are shown at Mare Island on 17 October 1946 in the Pacific Reserve Fleet. Left to right: Dentuda (SS-335), Searaven (SS-196) and Tuna (SS-203); Parche (SS-384) is aft of these three. Bluegill (SS-242) and Hackleback (SS-295) are to the left.||USN photo # 3618-46, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|367k||Crane lifting the conning tower of the Parche (SS-384) from the Chara (AE-31) after being transported to Pearl Harbor.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.|
|641k||The conning tower of the Parche (SS-384) being moved off the Chara (AE-31).||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.|
|335k||The conning tower of the Parche (SS-384) being moved off the Chara (AE-31).||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.|
|1.10k||Parche (SS-384) without her sail in the reserve fleet at Mare Island in December 1969; not only have the fairwater and shears been removed, but the whole conning tower! They planked over the space left by its removal, but you can still see the main air induction valve that is normally aft of the conning tower, and the gun access trunk that is normally forward of the conning tower.|
The boat in the center is the Spinax (SSR-489). She has a unique sail configuration. The boat on the left could be the Bashaw (SS-241), but this is a guess. The decommissioned destroyer escort Jobb (DE-707) appears on her right.
|USN photo # 95811-12-69, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker. Photo i.d. courtesy of Fred Willshaw & David Jonston (USNR).
Text courtesy of David Jonston (USNR).
|2.72k||Parche (SS-384) as a reserve training submarine at Alameda, California in May 1957. Note the Park Street bridge in the background.||Photo from the files of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum via Darryl L. Baker.|
|46k||Photo of Lawson Paterson Ramage, the first C.O. of the Parche (SS-384) with the new Parche (SSN-683) conning tower, to his left, circa mid 1970's.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org. & Herbert P. Harden RMC(SS) USN ret.|
|148k||Forward view of the Parche (SS-384) superstructure at Pearl Harbor, April 1977.||Courtesy of David Buell.|
|604k||Commemorative stamp honoring Vietnam Veterans Memorial & signed by Vice Admiral Ramage, November 1984.||USN photo # 19-N-114075 courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com|
|125k||Conning tower of the Parche (SS-384) memorial at Pearl Harbor, April 2003.||Courtesy of SK1(SW) Joseph A. Gless.|
|102k||5"/25 deck gun Parche (SS-384) memorial at Pearl Harbor, April 2003.||Courtesy of SK1(SW) Joseph A. Gless.|
|Back To The Main Photo Index||Back To the Submarine Index|
|Comments, Suggestions, E-mail Webmaster|
|This page is created by Michael Mohl, and maintained by Michael Mohl|
©1996 - 2018, NavSource History All rights reserved.