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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patch at left contributed by Mike Smolinski, patches in center from USS Ronquil Web Site, on right by Francisco Javier Santos Vazquez

Ronquil (SS-396)

Radio Call Sign: November - Kilo - Oscar - Delta

Balao Class Submarine: Laid down, 9 September 1943, at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME.; Launched, 27 January 1944; Commissioned USS Ronquil (SS-396), 22 April 1944; Decommissioned, 1 May 1952, "Guppy" modernization at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, CA.; Recommissioned, 16 January 1953; Decommissioned, 1 July 1971, struck from the Naval Register, the same day and transferred to Spain, under the Mutual Security Assistance Act; Commissioned into the Spanish Navy as Isaac Peral (S-32); Final Disposition, struck from Spanish Naval rolls, in 1982, fate unknown. Ronquil received six battle stars for World War II service.
Ronquil was used in the movie "Ice Station Zebra" w/Rock Hudson & Ernest Borgnine.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced 1,526 t., Submerged 2,391 t.; Length 311' 9"; Beam 27' 3"; Draft 15' 3"; Speed, Surfaced 20.25 kts, Submerged 8.75 kts; Cruising Range, 11,000 miles surfaced at 10 kts; Submerged Endurance, 48 hours at 2 kts; Operating Depth, 400 ft; Complement 6 Officers 60 Enlisted; Armament, ten 21" torpedo tubes, six forward, four aft, 24 torpedoes, one 5"/25 deck gun, one single 40mm gun mount, one single 20mm gun mount, two .50 cal. machine guns; Patrol Endurance 75 days; Propulsion, diesel-electric reduction gear, four Fairbanks-Morse diesel engines, 5,400 HP, Fuel Capacity, 116,000 gal., four Elliot Motor Co. electric main motors, 2,740hp, two 126-cell main storage batteries, two propellers.
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Drydock493kEarly 1944 photo of the Redfish (SS-395), Ronquil (SS-396) & Razorback (SS-394) under construction and soon to be launched, with prefabricated sections and other building parts for the soon to be constructed Piper (SS-409) & Threadfin (SS-410) in the foreground.Photo courtesy of John D. Alden, author of The Fleet Submarine in the U.S. Navy: A Design and Construction History.
Quintuplets123kCommemorative postal cover marking the quadruple launching of the Razorback (SS-394), Redfish (SS-395), Ronquil (SS-396) & Scabbardfish (SS-397) launching, 27 January 1944 at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Redfish 154k Preparing for the Christening ceremony aboard the Redfish (SS-395) at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME., 27 January 1944. Two of the submarines behind the Redfish are either the Razorback (SS-394), Ronquil (SS-396) & Scabbardfish (SS-397). All 4 boats were launched that day. US Navy photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Redfish 178k Miss Ruth Roper holds the bottle at the Christening ceremony aboard the Redfish (SS-395) at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME., 27 January 1944. Two of the submarines behind the Redfish are either the Razorback (SS-394), Ronquil (SS-396) & Scabbardfish (SS-397). All 4 boats were launched that day. US Navy photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Ronquil16kCommemorative postal cover marking the commissioning of the Ronquil (SS-396), 22 April 1944 at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, ME. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Ronquil 79k CDR. Robert Bond Lander was the commanding officer of the Ronquil (SS-396) from December 1944 to 29 August 1945. US Navy photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo. Photo added 07/22/10.
Ronquil 213k Starboard bow view of the Ronquil (SS-396) entering Pearl Harbor, circa 1944-45.
US Navy photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Ronquil 41k WW II battleflag of the Ronquil (SS-396). US Navy photo courtesy of ussubvetsofwwii.org.
Ronquil 61k Portside view of the Ronquil (SS-396), possibly taken circa January 1947, when she departed San Diego for her first peacetime western Pacific deployment. This patrol lasted 114 days and took the submarine to Tahiti, the Carolines, the Marianas, Japan, and the Yellow Sea. Text info courtesy of DANFS. Photo courtesy of Robert Hurst.
Ronquil 56k Ronquil (SS-396), in a postwar photo showing her radar antennae, peace-time hull number and name markings, and a pair each of 5-inch and 40-millimeter guns. Some submarines were modified late in World War II for heavy surface firepower for use against smaller ships and craft."
US Navy photo courtesy of Joe Radigan, MACM, USN Ret.
Ronquil 111k The Ronquil (SS-396), taken 25 February 1949 passing under the Golden Gate Bridge on her way in from extensive cold weather maneuvers in the Gulf of Alaska.
US Navy photo.
Ronquil 225k Photo of re-commissioning ceremonies aboard Ronquil (SS-396) at Mare Island on 16 January 1953.
US Navy Photo # 15913-1-53, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Ronquil 223k Broadside view of Ronquil (SS-396) off Mare Island on trails during her Guppy II conversion on 30 March 1953. She was under conversion at the yard from 27 May 1952 to 3 April 1953. Note she was fitted with a so-called "step sail"; as shown in other photographs on this page, this was later replaced by a "Northern sail", designed to bring the bridge higher, so that it could be manned in rough weather.
She shows a new 100-in sonar dome on deck forward to accommadate a WFA-1 transducer (but designed for the BQS-2 that replaced it). Note also the sleeve, surrounding her raised periscope, that was designed to permit vibration free operation at higher speeds.
US Navy Photo # 16880-3-53, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker. Partial text courtesy of Fabio Peña & U.S. Submarines Since 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman & James L. Christley. Naval Institute Press.
Ronquil 332k Starboard view of the Ronquil (SS-396) circa mid 1950's passing the submarine tender Nereus (AS-17). US Navy photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Photo added 07/22/10.
Sterlet 50k Sterlet (SS-392), and Ronquil (SS-396) moored outboard of the ASR in Yokosuka harbor, Japan, 1954.
Courtesy of Grant Riddle / submarinebaseph.com.
Sterlet 46k Sterlet (SS-392), in Kaoshung, Formosa, tied up alongside the dock and the Ronquil (SS-396) moored outboard. Circa mid 1950's. Courtesy of Grant Riddle / submarinebaseph.com.
Ronquil 34k Ronquil (SS-396), at Buckner Bay, Okinawa, with Canadian destroyers anchored in background. Circa mid 1950's. Courtesy of Grant Riddle /submarinebaseph.com.
Ronquil 223k Ronquil (SS-396) makes her way past the wire fence into the open sea in this post mid 1950's photo. US Navy photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Photo added 07/22/10.
Ronquil 31k Ronquil (SS-396), after "Guppy" modernization, post 1953, place unknown.
US Navy photo courtesy of USS Ronquil Web Site.
Ronquil 88k Ronquil (SS-396), surfaced and underway, date and place unknown. Courtesy of George M. Arnold.
Ronquil 154k Ronquil (SS-396), 19 June 1963.
After taking part in a demonstration of antisubmarine operations for the national radio and television networks, she began a period of overhaul and local operations. The submarine departed San Diego in November 1963 for duty with the 7th Fleet; on her return to California, she again resumed operations off the west coast.
Text courtesy of DANFS.
US Navy photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Photo added 07/22/10.
Ronquil 68k Ice Station Zebra star Ronquil (SS-396) in the 1968 film in which she played the part of the fictional Tigerfish (SSN-509).
Photo courtesy of DVDCLASSIK.COM via Robert Hurst.
Isaac Peral (S-32)
Ronquil 33k Isaac Peral y Caballero. Born in Cartagena, 1 June 1851. Died in Berlin, 22 May 1895. Spanish scientist and sailor, Lieutenant in the [Spanish] Royal Navy and inventor of the first submarine torpedo boat, the Peral (1885). Photo & text courtesy of Fabio Pena.
Ronquil 71k ex Ronquil (SS-396), in Spanish naval service. Named after the Spanish submarine pioneer, Isaac Peral (S-32) is seen at Barcelona, Spain, 22 January 1983. Partially visible is Martín Álvarez (L-12), ex Wexford County (LST-1168). US Navy photo courtesy of Fabio Peña.
Ronquil 41k Isaac Peral (S-32), at Barcelona, Spain, 22 January 1983. Note retracted bow hydroplane US Navy photo courtesy of Fabio Peña.

View the Ronquil (SS-396)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Guppy Submarines
Ep-21 (1) - Victory At Sea ~ Full Fathom Five - HQ

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