Please report any broken links or trouble you might come across to the Webmaster.
Please take a moment to let us know so that we can correct any problems and make your visit as enjoyable and as informative as possible.


NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patch on right by Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy. Other patches contributed by Mike Smolinski

Tang (SS-563)


Tang Class(Diesel Fast Attack) Submarine: Awarded 16 May 1947 to Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, ME; Laid 18 April 1949; Launched 19 June 1951; Commissioned on 25 October 1951 as Tang (SS-563).
First of the post-WWII Class of six submarines that incorporated the GUPPY (snorkel) configuration into the design, as well as being test platforms for the first three Classes of nuclear submarines that were to follow.

After shakedown and type training along eastern seaboard of the U. S., Tang reported to Submarine Squadron One (SubRon 1) at Pearl Harbor, HI. In 1952, she set a new U. S. Navy depth record of 713 feet. During overhaul in 1957 - 1958, Tang had her hull lengthened 9 feet to enable the installation of the new 10-cylinder engines that replaced the original "pancake" type engines.
In 1959, Tang tested a new snorkel de-icing system during joint cold weather training with the Royal Canadian Navy off the coast of British Columbia. With the addition of the newly developed Passive Underwater Fire-control Feasibility System (PUFFS) in a 1962 modification, Tang's hull was stretched once again.
In 1972, she had her designation changed from Submarine (SS) to Auxiliary Miscellaneous Submarine (AGSS), but when Tang was re-assigned back to Groton, CT in 1978, she was re-classified back to her original SS designator.
In Groton, Tang's primary mission was to training Iranian Navy personnel in preparation for the forthcoming transfer of three Tang Class submarines to Iran. The transfer of these submarines under terms of the Security Assistance Program (SAP) failed to materialize and, on 8 February 1980, Tang was Decommissioned; Transferred (lease) to the Republic of Turkey and Commissioned as TCG Pirireis (S-343).

Tang was struck from the U. S. Naval Vessel Registry (NVR) on 6 August 1987 and ultimately Transferred (sale) to Turkey on 17 August 1987. TCG Pirireis, ex-Tang continued to serve in the Turkish Submarine Forces until she was Decommissioned in August 2004. TCG Pirireis is maintained as a museum ship near the Turkish Submarine base at Izmir,Turkey.
Tang was awarded 4 battle stars for service in Vietnam with the U. S. Navy.
Researched by CTRC Donald J. Wagner, USN (Ret) & Dave Kite for NavSource.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 2,100 t., Submerged: 2,700 t.; Length 287'; Beam 27' 3"; Draft 19'; Speed, Surfaced 20 kts, Submerged 18 kts; Complement 8 Officers 75 Enlisted; Armament, six 21" torpedo tubes forward & 2-19” torpedo tubes aft for Mk 37 torpedoes, eight MK-49/57 mines; Propulsion, diesel-electric, Fairbanks-Morse Type 3 diesel engines, HP 4500, two electric motors, HP 5600, 2 shafts/propellers .
Click On Image
For Full Size Image
Size Image Description Source
Tang124k Sponsor and official party at the Tang (SS-563) launching ceremonies, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, 19 June 1951. Present in the front row are (left to right): Miss Marsha G. O'Kane, Maid of Honor; Mrs. Richard H. O'Kane, Sponsor; and Commander Richard H. O'Kane, USN, former Commanding Officer of the first Tang (SS-306). Official U.S. Navy Photograph # NH 95937, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
Tang 89k Tang (SS-563) dressed with flags, slides into the water at her launching, at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, ME., on 19 June 1951. USN photo from The World Encyclopedia of Submarines, by John Parker, courtesy of Robert Hurst.
Tang 19k Tang (SS-563), layout of the class.
Courtesy of Rick Rowe.
Tang 40k Tang (SS-563), the first submarine designed post WW-II, shows her ferrite-core loop antenna, AT-274/BRR (6). The great distinguishing feature of post-WW II submarines was their ability to operate submerged almost continuously. They had to be able to receive radio messages while submerged. Before WW II, it was discovered that wire loops (intended for radio direction finding) could receive VLF signals at periscope depth. Postwar, NRL developed the much smaller ferrite-core loop, which could be wrapped in a small streamlined body. It was first tested in 1948.
Unlike the old air-core loop, it was omnidirectional (two loops were wrapped at right angles).
Other antennas visible in the photo are:
(1) retractable MF/HF whip (NT 66053), (2) Fixed MF/HF whip (NT 66053), (3)emergency wire antenna, (4) VHF/IFF antenna (AS-524BPX), (5) AEW (airborne early warning) link and becaon and UHF antenna (AS-493/U), (7)SV-3 radar, (8)BPS-1 air search radar, (9)ST-1 range only radar on the periscope, (10)SPR-1 ESM antenna, (11) AS-371/S antenna, (12)AS-373/BLR ESM antenna, & (13) posistion of a planned ECM direction finding antenna.
Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Since 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman & James L. Christley. Naval Institute Press.
Tang 81k For all their high underwater speed, Tang's used much the same sort of handwheel controls (for bow and stern planes) as their WW II predecessors. Tang's (SS-563) diving station shows the usual plane angle indicators, depth gague and "bubble" (in the curved tube) that indicates the angle of the boat. Nautilus (SSN-571) had similar controls for her planesmen, with a seperate wheel for steering. In effect, this arrangement clearly seperated steering in the vertical and horizontal (rudder) planes. Traditionally arranged submarines, such as Nautilus, made a tremendous impression by their ability to jump in and out of sonar beams, but they could not coordinate such maneuvers with violent turns. Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Since 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman & James L. Christley. Naval Institute Press.
SS-563 26k Following trials and training along the east coast, the fast attack submarine Tang (SS-563) was assigned to Submarine Squadron (SubRon) 1, Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.
Photo courtesy of Robert Hurst. Text courtesy of DANFS.
Tang1.74kOriginal Welcome Aboard pamphlet for the Tang (SS-563).PDF courtesy of Darryl Baker.
PDF added 05/27/11.
SS-563 82k Tang (SS-563) departing Pearl Harbor. Photo by UAN, PCS Robert A. Carlisle. Photo taken from The American Submarine, by Norman Polmar & submitted by Robert Hurst.
Blackfin & Tang74k Blackfin (SS-322) (on right) & Tang (SS-563) moored side by side, possibly at Pearl Harbor, circa early 1950's.
US Navy photo courtesy of usssubvetsofwwii.org
Tang 168k Interior of the Tang (SS-563) on 25 August 1954, underway on Northern run. Ed Kalinoski (ski) on bow planes, English on Stern Planes, Lt. Home Diving Officer and Chief Parish COB. Courtesy of Ed Kalinosk via Dan Craw ETC/SS Ret. Tang SS563, 1968-71.
Tang 67k Tang (SS-563), up periscope.
Courtesy of Rick Rowe.
SS 563 189k Tang (SS-563) Crew at Quarters in Yokosuka mid 1950s. Ed Kalinosk is the 4th person from the right, second row, semi-kneeling. Photo courtesy of Ed Kalinosk via Dan Craw ETC/SS Ret. Tang SS563, 1968-71.
SS 563 220k Tang (SS-563) Crew at Quarters in Yokosuka with the Coucal (ASR-8) outboard Tang, mid 1950s. Photo courtesy of Ed Kalinosk via Dan Craw ETC/SS Ret. Tang SS563, 1968-71.
SS-322, 563,565 & 567 328k Tang (SS-563), Wahoo (SS-565),Gudgeon (SS-567) & Blackfin (SS-322) at the sub base, Pearl Harbor. Circa 1958. Looks like a Change of Command for SubRon 7 is taking place. Photo courtesy of Dan Craw ETC/SS Ret. Tang SS563, 1968-71. Text i.d. courtesy of Ken Wiltshire.
Tang 419k Tang (SS-563), underway, circa post 1950's in an official Navy photo.
Courtesy of Rick Rowe & Ed Kalinosk via Dan Craw ETC/SS Ret. Tang SS563, 1968-71.
Tang 193k Tang (SS-563),Wahoo (SS-565) & Gudgeon (SS-567) at Pearl Harbor, late 60's, early 70's. Courtesy of Rick Rowe & Ed Kalinosk via Dan Craw ETC/SS Ret. Tang SS563, 1968-71.
Carp241kThis photo is of one of three Tang class (SS-563 / 568) boats:
Tang (SS-563), Wahoo (SS-565),Gudgeon (SS-567). The rest of the Tang class boats had different sail configurations.
Photo courtesy of Ron Phillipi. Photo i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston (USNR) & John Hummel. Text i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston (USNR).
Carp241kThis photo is of one of three Tang class (SS-563 / 568) boats:
Tang (SS-563), Wahoo (SS-565),Gudgeon (SS-567). The rest of the Tang class boats had different sail configurations.
Photo courtesy of Ron Phillipi.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston (USNR) & John Hummel. Text i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston (USNR).
Tang 803k Tang (SS-563) returned to the Pacific Northwest in late February 1961, following her fourth overhaul at Pearl Harbor, for shakedown training and participation in a 1st Fleet Exercise, SLAMEX. Text courtesy of DANFS. U.S. Navy photo courtesy of Wayne Buescher PH3 via Lonnie Whittaker Webmaster WWW.USS-BENNINGTON.ORG.
Tang 115k Tang (SS-563), port side view entering Pearl Harbor, date unknown.
US Navy photo courtesy of US Naval Historical Center.
Tang 75k Tang (SS-563) in her final configuration, with three PUFFS (BQG-4) passive-ranging arrays along her upper deck and Fairbanks-Morse diesels. She has been lengthened partly to provide additional plotting space to control Mk-45 torpedoes. Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Since 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman & James L. Christley. Naval Institute Press.
Tang 176k Tang (SS-563) at Pearl Harbor, HI. September 1968.
Courtesy of Richard Leonhardt.
Tang2.41kJuly 1975 Welcome Aboard pamphlet for the Tang (SS-563).PDF courtesy of Darryl Baker.
PDF added 05/27/11.
Tang2.77k1980 Welcome Aboard pamphlet for the Tang (SS-563).PDF courtesy of Darryl Baker.
PDF added 05/27/11.
Tang 18k Commemorative post mark on the occasion of the Tang's (SS-563), decommisssioning, 8 February 1980.
Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
TCG Pirireis (S-343)
Tang149kCertificate of delivery of the ex-Tang (SS-563) to the government of Turkey as the TCG Pirireis (S-343), 8 February 1980. Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang160kThe Pirireis (S-343) breaks the waves. Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang104kWork stations aboard the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang89kSleeping quarters aboard the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang94k Pirireis (S-343) forward torpedo room. Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang90kInterior view aboard the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang107kInterior view aboard the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang80kInterior view aboard the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang114kInterior view aboard the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang24kForward diving planes open aboard the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang288kSailor in torpedo room of the Pirireis (S-343) as a museum ship. Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang235kPirireis (S-343) & Frigate (Knox class) TCG Ege F256 ex-Ainsworth FF-1090, side by side as museum ships in Izmir,Turkey.Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy. Text i.d. courtesy of Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.
Tang139kPirireis (S-343) & Frigate (Knox class) TCG Ege F256 ex-Ainsworth FF-1090, side by side as museum ships in Izmir,Turkey. Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.
Tang146kOne attraction deserves another: Entrance to the exhibit of the Pirireis (S-343) & Frigate (Knox class) TCG Ege F256 ex-Ainsworth FF-1090. Photo courtesy of Sait Kucuk, CPOS (Ret),Turkish Navy.
Tang516kAdded this photo more so for the background than the boat: Pirireis (S-343) is escorted out to sea. Photo courtesy of Cüneyt Demir.
Tang88kPirireis (S-343) official crew photo. Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang149kThe last diving report for the Pirireis (S-343), 14 May 2004. Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang75k Decommissioning order 9 August 2004 for the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang148kCommanding officers of the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang134kEnginners of the Pirireis (S-343). Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.
Tang134k30 Minute Video of the SS-563 Tang / Pirireis (S-343) in 2004. Courtesy of Tom Declercq.
Photo courtesy of Y.M.Umar,CPO (Ret.),Turkish Navy.

View the Tang (SS-563)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
30 Minute Video of the SS-563 Tang / Pirireis (S-343) in 2004. Courtesy of Tom Declercq.
SS-563 Tang

Back To The Main Photo Index Back To the Submarine Index
This page is created and maintained by Michael Mohl
©1996 - 2014, NavSource History All rights reserved.