Please report any broken links or trouble you might come across to the Webmaster.
Please take a moment to let us know so that we can correct any problems and make your visit as enjoyable and as informative as possible.


NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive


Patch on left contributed by Mike Smolinski, on right by Christopher J. Pauli.

Nautilus (SSN-571)

Radio Call Sign: November - Whiskey - Charlie - Lima

Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from left to right
Presidential Unit Citation (Courtesy of Christopher J. Pauli) - National Defense Service Medal
Nautilus Class Submarine: Laid down, 14 June 1952, at Electric Boat Co., Division of General Dynamics Corp., Groton, CT.; Launched, 21 January 1954; Commissioned, USS Nautilus (SSN-571), 30 September 1954; left Groton in 1979 under her own power and arrived at Mare Island in preparation for Decommissioning on 3 March 1980. Final Disposition; In May 1985 boat was towed back to Groton for use as a Museum, and was opened to the public on 11 April 1986 as a museum ship. Nautilus is located at the Historic Ship Nautilus & Submarine Force Museum, NAVSUBASE, New London, Groton, CT. Nautilus is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, Ref. No. 79003652, and was designated a National Historic Landmark on 20 May 1982.
Partial data submitted by Ron Reeves, HTC, USNR (ret.)

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 3,533 t., Submerged: 4,092 t.; Length 323' 9"; Beam 27' 8"; Draft 18' 7"; Speed, Surfaced 22 kts, Submerged 20+ kts; Complement 105; Armament, 6 21" torpedo tubes forward; Propulsion, nuclear, double propeller.(Courtesy of Ken Hart).
Click On Image
For Full Size Image
Size Image Description Source
Pompon791k(Original Caption) 7/12/1952- Washington, DC: Captain Hyman G. Rickover, director of the Nuclear Power Division of the Navy's Bureau of Ships, explains the operation of an engine on a model of the first atomic-powered submarine. Briefly: heat is created in the nuclear reactor by the fission of uranium. This heat is transferred to a steam generator which provides the steam to drive a turbine, from which, in turn, the power is transmitted to drive the propellers. Photo by Bettmann/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Submarine History Profiles: 105kSubmarine History Profiles:
First true submarine: Holland (SS-01) in 1900.
First U.S. Diesel submarine: E-1 (SS-24) in 1911.
First Fleet boat: V-1 (SS-163) in 1922.
First GUPPY: Odax (SS-484) in 1947.
First nuclear powered submarine:Nautilus (SSN-571) in 1954.
First submarine to completely circumnavigate the earth submerged: Triton (SSRN-586) in 1959.
Latest generation of U.S. ballistic submarines: Ohio (SSBN-726), in 1980.
USN photo courtesy of Robert Hall.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston.
Nautilus 256k Builders plaque of the Nautilus (SSN-571).Photo courtesy of Arnold Putnam.
Nautilus 1.10k Artist's conception of the Nautilus (SSN-571).Photo courtesy of Arnold Putnam.
Nautilus 188k Aerial view of Electric Boat Co's yard, which will build the hull of the Navy's new atomic submarine, September 1951. Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 289k President Harry S. Truman watches as his initials, H.S.T., are welded onto the keel of Nautilus (SSN-571) on 14 June 1952, at Electric Boat in Groton. Electric Boat photo courtesy of theday.com via Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 280k President Harry S. Truman (center) at the keel laying ceremony for the Nautilus (SSN-571), the first atomic powered submarine.Photo # 77-1843 courtesy of trumanlibrary.org.
Nautilus 240k View of the crowd at the keel-laying ceremonies for the first atomic powered submarine, the Nautilus (SSN-571). President Harry S. Truman (not in picture) attended the event.Photo # 77-1846 courtesy of trumanlibrary.org.
Nautilus 93k President Harry S. Truman authenticates the keel of the Nautilus (SSN-571) at her keel laying at the Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn. on 14 June 1952. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 4.59k Fifteen page PDF Keel Laying Presentation Book of the Nautilus (SSN-571). Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 82k Commemorative post mark honoring the keel laying of the Nautilus (SSN-571). Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 1.04k Captain Rickover, USN, Receives Award. Secretary of the Navy Dan A. Kimball, (right), inspects a model of the Navy's atomic submarine, the Nautilus (SSN-571) after presenting Captain Hyman George Rickover, USN, (left), the Gold Star in Lieu of the Second Legion of Merit Award at ceremonies in his office at the Pentagon. The award citation, in part, follows: "For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the government of the United States as Chief of the Naval Reactors Branch, Division of Reactor Development, United States Atomic Energy Commission, and as Director of the Nuclear Power Division of the Navy, Bureau of Ships, from March 1949 to July 1952. Displaying exceptional talents in the field of mobile power reactor and exercising unceasing drive and energy, Captain Rickover, more than any other individual, is responsible for the rapid development of the nuclear ship program… His efforts have led to the laying of the keel of the world's first nuclear powered ship well in advance of its original schedule."
Photograph released 7 July 1952.
Photo # USN 706636, courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Pompon970k(Original Caption) This is a photo of the construction of the first atomic submarine at Groton, Connecticut. Photo by Bettmann/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Nautilus 290k Nautilus (SSN-571) - Nuclear rector core. Photo courtesy of the Idaho National Laboratory via Robert Hurst.
Nautilus 286k Nautilus (SSN-571), cutaway sketch of the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, the Nautilus. The chart shows major sections of the craft. Launching will take place at Groton, Connecticut, 21 January 1954. Construction had been underway for over a year at the site. Photo # 80-G-109094 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 192k A view of the construction site on the Thomas River where the atomic submarine Nautilus (SSN-571) is being cleared by the Navy censor, 1953. Photographer: Hank Walker, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 219k A view of the construction site on the Thomas River where the atomic submarine Nautilus (SSN-571) is being cleared by the Navy censor, 1953. Photographer:Hank Walker, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 225k Workmen putting the finishing touches on the Nautilus (SSN-571), the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, at the General Dynamics Electric Boat Division shipyard in Groton, Ct. Photo courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 102k Oil on canvas, entitled "Birth of the Nuclear Navy", featuring the Nautilus (SSN-571). Gift of Former First Lady, Mamie Eisenhower. USN photo.
Nautilus 314k Nautilus (SSN-571) launching on 21 January 1954, at the Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut. Submarine sponsor Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower, on board the Presidential Train arrives at the ceremonies. Photo # 80-G-633326 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 340k Nautilus (SSN-571) launching at Electric Boat, Groton, Connecticut. Mr. John Jay Hopkins, President of General Dynamics Corporation giving the welcoming address to the crowd. Photo # 80-G-633327 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 506k Nautilus (SSN-571), launching, 21 January 1954, at Groton, Connecticut. Front row (left to right): Commander Edward L. Beach, Naval Aide to the President, Rear Admiral Hyman Rickover, Mrs. Robert B. Anderson, Secretary of the Navy Robert B. Anderson, Mrs. John S. Doud, Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Mr. John Jay Hopkins (R), Admiral Wilson D. Leggett, Rear Admiral Lewis L. Strauss (Retired), Rear Admiral Edward B. Harp, Chief of Chaplains, Admiral Robert B. Carney, Chief of National Operations, and Mrs. Robert B. Carney. Photo # 80-G-633173 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 614k Commissioning PDF Program of the Nautilus (SSN-571) on 21 January 1954. PDF courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 109k Got a light?
Nautilus (SSN-571) match box cover featuring nuclear cancer sticks, 21 January 1954.
Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 109k One if by land, two if by sea. First day commissioning cover for the Nautilus (SSN-571), 21 January 1954. Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 850k Seven page PDF Launching Program for the Nautilus (SSN-571), 21 January 1954. PDF courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 109k Twin billing: Nautilus (SSN-571) ready for launch & Seawolf (SSN-575) under construction on 21 January 1954. Photo courtesy of vendio.com via Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 88k Vice Admiral Eugene P. Wilkinson, born in August 1918 in Long Beach, California, graduated from San Diego State College in 1938 and was commissioned in December 1940. He served aboard the submarine Darter (SS-227) during World War II. Wilkinson was awarded the Silver Star for his service aboard the Darter. Prior to commanding Nautilus (SSN-571), he commanded the submarines Volador (SS-490), Sea Robin (SS-407), and Wahoo (SS-565).
In August 1954, then a Commander, became the first commanding officer of the Nautilus. During his three-year tour, he presided over pre-commissioning and post-commissioning trials of the submarine. These critical trials established the capabilities of the nuclear-powered submarine and were used in the development of early nuclear-powered submarine tactics. Nautilus successfully attacked surface ships without being detected and evaded most pursuers.
Following his tour aboard Nautilus, he commanded the Navy's first nuclear-powered surface ship, Long Beach (CGN-9) and served as Commander, Submarine Force Atlantic Fleet from 1969 to 1972.
USN photo courtesy of navy.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 480k Nautilus (SSN-571) at Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut, 21 January 1954. Crowd is shown at the launching. Photos # 80-G-633333 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 671k Nautilus (SSN-571) is decked out in her ceremonial bunting on the ways, awaiting the arrival of the Ship's Sponsor. The Seawolf (SSN-575) is under construction on the next way. Photo courtesy of navy.mil.
Nautilus 106k The First Lady Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Ship's Sponsor arriving at the Christening Ceremony accompanied by John Jay Hopkins, Chairman & President of General Dynamics Corporation. (The side boys are crewmen of the Nautilus (SSN-571). Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 336k Nautilus (SSN-571), launching of the first nuclear submarine at Groton, Connecticut. Shown left to right are: Mrs. Eugene P. Wilkinson, wife of the Prospective Commanding Officer of the ship, Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower, ship sponsor, and Mr. John Jay Hopkins, President of General Dynamics Corporation. Photo # 80-G-633171 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 100k From right to left: Mrs. Eisenhower prepares to christen the ship, holding the ceremonial bottle of Champagne, Mr. Hopkins, Mrs. Eugene P. Wilkinson and Commander Edward L. Beach, USN (President Eisenhower's Naval Aide). Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 415k Mrs. Eisenhower smashes the bottle across the bow as she exclaims, "I Christen thee Nautilus! Mr. Hopkins and Cdr. Beach look on. The Ship's Matron of Honor Mrs. Eugene P. Wilkinson (wife of the ship's commanding officer), stands back as she holds Mamie's bouquet. Photo courtesy of navy.mil.
Nautilus 327k Nautilus (SSN-571) launching at the Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut, 21 January 1954. Shown is the stern of ship hitting the water. Photo # 80-G-633339 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 158k The Nautilus (SSN-571) began sliding down the ways at exactly 1057 hours. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 160k The Nautilus (SSN-571) slips into the waters of the Thames River for the first time. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
High Res photo courtesy of navy.mil
Nautilus 132k The Nautilus (SSN-571), still moving astern, is now completely afloat. The event was attended by in excess of 20,000 spectators. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 342k Nautilus (SSN-571) launching at the Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut, 21 January 1954. Shown in water at launch.
Crowd is shown at the launching.
Photos # 80-G-633340 & 633337 (insert) courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 132k The Nautilus (SSN-571), now stationary in the Thames, poses for her first official portrait. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 125k Tug boats will push the boat to shore to begin Nautilus (SSN-571) career as the first nuclear powered U.S. submarine. Photo courtesy of vendio.com via Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 32k Commemorative postal cover marking the launching of the Nautilus (SSN-571) at Electric Boat Co., Division of General Dynamics Corp., Groton, CT., 21 January 1954 by the Former First Lady, Mamie Eisenhower. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Nautilus 30k Obverse side of the Launching Medal for the first nuclear powered ship, Nautilus (SSN-571) on 21 January 1954. The ship's sponsor was the First Lady Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower. The medal was produced by the General Dynamics Corporation. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 37k Reverse side of the Launching Medal for the first nuclear powered ship, Nautilus (SSN-571), on 21 January 1954. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 97k Work Speeded: The Nautilus (SSN-571)....is busy being fitted out by workmen at the General Dynamics Corp. Electric Boat...This is the first photo of the Nautilus to be released since she was launched. Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Pompon608k(Original Caption): The ensign and commissioning pennant of the Nautilus (SSN-571), the world's first atom powered submarine, are hoisted in Groton as officials attending the simple but history making ceremony look on. A crew of 11 officers and 85 enlisted men under Comdr. Eugene Wilkinson, were ready to take the Nautilus to sea after lengthy special training. Left to right on the deck of the submarine are: Lt. Boule, aide to Adm. Hillenkoeter; Cmdr. Belin, aide to Adm. Wright; Cmdr. L.G. Burrus, senior chaplain, USN, New London, Conn.; Capt. Robert L. Moore, Jr., supervisor of shipbuilding, Electric Boat Division; Rear Adm. George C. Crawford, Commander Submarine Force, U.S. Atlantic fleet; Rear Adm. Roscoe H. Hillenkoeter, commandant, Third Naval District; John Jay Hopkins, board chairman and president of General Dynamics Corporation; Adm. Jerauld Wright, commander-in-chief- Atlantic fleet. Photo by Bettmann/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Nautilus 196k Nautilus (SSN-571) is commissioned on 30 September 1954 Photo courtesy of Dale Hargrave.
Pompon587k(Original Caption): John Jay Hopkins, President of the General Dynamics Corporation, presents the commissioning plaque to Commander Eugene P. Wilkinson, USN, during the Commissioning Ceremony for the Nautilus (SSN-571) as the first atomic powered submarine joins the U.S. Navy, 30 September 1954. Photo by Bettmann/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Nautilus 894k Nautilus (SSN-571) on her initial sea trials in New York Sound, 17 January 1955. USN photo # 80-G-709366,from "Our Navy" Magazine. First of March, 1955, courtesy of Stanley Svec. Photo i.d. courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large
Nautilus 483k The Nautilus (SSN-571) on her initial sea trials off the New England coast in January 1955. USN offical photo # 199068, courtesy of David Buell.
Nautilus 210k Twin billing x 2: Nautilus (SSN-571) A year without refueling & high living below. Photos courtesy All Hands Magazine, April 1956 courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Submarine Silhouettes 1960179kSubmarine Silhouettes of 1960:
Nautilus (SSN-571), Seawolf (SSN-575), Skate (SSN-578), Skipjack (SS-585), Triton (SSRN-586), Halibut (SSGN-587), Thresher (SSN-593), Tullibee (SSN-597), George Washington (SSBN-598), & Ethan Allen (SSBN-608) classes.
USN photo submitted by Ron Titus, courtesy of Ingersoll-Rand. Corp.
Nuclear Submarine Profiles187kNuclear Submarine Profiles 1960:
Nautilus (SSN-571),
Seawolf (SSN-575),
Triton (SSRN-586),
Skate (SSN-578) & Skipjack (SS-585) classes,
Halibut (SSGN-587) & Tullibee (SSN-597) classes,
George Washington (SSBN-598) &
Thresher (SSN-593) classes.
USN photo courtesy of Ron Titus courtesy of Ingersoll-Rand. Corp. Photo i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston.
Francis Scott Key171kNuclear submarine lineup depicting the current 19 different types.USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Service
Nautilus 1.02k Four page Welcome Aboard PDF. Photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 99k Rear Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN,Commander, Destroyer Force, Atlantic Fleet (ComDesLant) tours Nautilus (SSN-571) at the New London Submarine Base, Groton, Connecticut, 31 May 1955. Behind him is Captain Raymond J. Zanzot, ComDesLant Materiel Officer. Official USN photo # 80-G-669547, now in the collections of the National Archives.
Nautilus 738k Nautilus (SSN-571) making emergency surface while operating in company with Leyte (CVS-32) and elements of CTG 81.2. Sarsfield (DD-837) is in the foreground. Photograph released 2 August 1955. Photo # USN 681184 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 953k Captain E.W. Parish, Jr., being transferred from Nautilus (SSN-571) to Leyte (CVS-32) by highline, 1 August 1955. Photo # USN 681182 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 529k The Nautilus (SSN-571) approaches the dock to tie up at Groton Connecticut, after an inspection cruise with Navy and Atomic Energy Commission personnel aboard, 28 November 1955. Photo Bettmann/Corbis / Photo from Ship: A History in Art & Photography" Edited by Andrew Lambert via Robert Hurst.
571 & 575 193k Seawolf (SSN-575) undergoing some TLC alongside Nautilus (SSN-571) at Groton. USN photo ccourtesy of town.groton.ct.
Nautilus 683k Lieutenant Commander John H. Ebersole, Medical Corps, using chemical separation of radioactive isotopes, determines source of radiation in the nucleonics laboratory aboard Nautilus (SSN-571). Ebersole, stationed aboard Nautilus is responsible for the radiation hygiene and safety of its officers and crew. After receiving special training in radiation medicine at DukeUniversity and Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Ebersole was assigned to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's National Reactor Testing Station at Arco, Idaho, where he conceived and formulated the Navy's first radiation hygiene program for a nuclear powered vessel. Photo dated 01/26/1956. Photo courtesy of U.S. Navy BUMED Library and Archives # 09-8394-1 via Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 80k The Nautilus (SSN-571) loads torpedoes at New London on 19 December 1955. USN photo from The American Submarine, by Norman Polmar, submitted by Robert Hurst.
Seawolf& Nautilus198kSeawolf (SSN-575) and Nautilus (SSN-571) appear together in an Ingersol-Rand Company newsbrief dated 6/5/56. Courtesy of Ron Titus.
Seawolf& Nautilus28kSeawolf (SSN-575) and Nautilus (SSN-571) appear together, circa 5 June 1956.
Between 16 May and 5 August 1956, Seawolf made two voyages to Key West and participated in intensive training exercises.
Photo from Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995 and submitted courtesy of Robert Hurst.
Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
Nautilus 122k The Nautilus (SSN-571) is heading for the surface at a sharp angle, her crew is thrown off balance in their mess like men in an amusement park crazy house, May 1956.
Among the crew members pictured is John Wesley Harvey, Lieutenant Commander. He is the third person pictured on the right (with his hand on the first bench, facing the camera). He would be the Commanding Officer of the Thresher (SSN-593) at the time of her loss.
Photographer: Hank Walker, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 97k Nautilus (SSN-571) sailor is grabbing a cupful of coke from the only Nuclear powered coke machine on any US sub, May 1956. Photographer: Hank Walker, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 102k Nautilus (SSN-571) crewmen in their mess watching a show on their TV set which can pick up programs near the surface by using sub's radio antennas, May 1956. Photographer: Hank Walker, courtesy of life.time.com
Pompon649kPompon (SS-267), Rasher (SS-269) & Nautilus (SSN-571) anchored in an undisclosed naval port, circa late 1950's. Photo by Arkivi/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Nautilus 53k NUCLEAR CHECKOUT == Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN, a former submariner himself, inspects periscope in the Nautilus (SSN-571), world's first nuclear powered submarine during orientation cruise 24 June 1957 off California coast.
Fleet Admiral Nimitz, who was Commander-in-Chief Pacific Fleet during World War II, had his first submarine command in 1909. On the Nautilus cruise, he was qualified as a nuclear submariner and manned bow planes during a dive.
Photo courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large from San Francisco NARA, San Francisco Naval Shipyard - Hunters Point, Historical Shipyard Photographic Collection 1904-74.
Nautilus 105k And now a word from our sponsor:
A Naval Reserve balloon floats over the Nautilus (SSN-571) during orientation cruise 24 June 1957 off California coast.
Alcatraz, famed federal penitentiary in San Francisco, forms the backdrop for the photo. A tugboat bearing press representatives proceeds the Nautilus into the bay. The versatile underseas craft is on a two month visit to the Pacific and is scheduled to return to her home port of New London CT later in the summer.
Associated Press photo & text courtesy of San Francisco Examiner via David S. Smith.
The Fission Fleet 496k The Fission Fleet.
The first three ships in the Nuclear Navy: Nautilus (SSN-571), Seawolf (SSN-575), and Skate (SSN-578), are shown together for the first time at General Dynamic Corporation's Electric Boat Division in Groton, Connecticut, where they were built. The Seawolf and Nautilus returned to their birthplace for a brief upkeep period while Skate, launched 16 May is being readied for builder's trials. Sixteen additional atomic submarines have been ordered by the Navy. Nautilus departed 19 August to participate in NATO Exercises.
Photo # USN 709933, courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 1.10k Admiral Drops In
One way to get on board a submarine is demonstrated by Rear Admiral Elton W. Grenfell, Commander, Submarine Force Pacific Fleet, as he descends on the nuclear submarine Nautilus (SSN-571), at sea off the West Coast. Admiral Grenfell visited Nautilus while it was engaged in training exercises with the fleet. He flew in from Princeton (CV-37), in background, via helicopter 12 June. He rode on board to Seattle, Washington, and disembarked upon her arrival there 15 June. Photograph released 25 June 1957.
Photo # USN 709907, courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Arctic44kBetween 17 August & 15 September 1957, the Trigger (SS-564) joined Nautilus (SSN-571) and proceeded to the Arctic. She spent 10 days at the ice pack in the north Greenland Sea and made several short trips under the ice pack. USN photo courtesy of Arctic Submarine Laboratory.
Text courtesy of DANFS.
Nautilus 280k The Nautilus (SSN-571) has just arrived at Mare Island Naval Shipyard on 17 May 1958. She departed on 25 May 1958. She was starting Operation Sunshine. USN photo # NY9 39322-5-58, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Stone 743k Capt. Lowell Thornton Stone, USN WWII Commanding Officer of the Lapon (SS-260). Awarded the Navy Cross and two Silver Stars while CO.
He is serving here as the Commander of SubPac Admin at Mare Island. He is pictured with CDR William R. Anderson, Commanding Officer of Nautilus (SSN-571) on 20 May 1958 during the boat's short visit to the shipyard.
Photo from the files of the Vallejo Naval and Historical Museum via Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 717k Nautilus (SSN-571) in San Francisco Bay on 26 May 1958. The Oakland Bay Bridge is in the background. U.S. Navy # 39320-5-58, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 198k The watch crew in the control room of Nautilus (SSN-571) maintains exact course and depth while the boat passes under the polar ice cap in 1958. USN photo # N-0000F-001 courtesy of All Hands magazine by the Naval Historical Center, April 2002, pg. 46 & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 1.50k The crew of the Nautilus (SSN-571) prepares for her trip under the North Pole before they leave Pearl Harbor.
The Nautilus is alongside the wharf on the north side of the submarine base, I believe it is designated Sierra 11 (as we tied up at Sierra 13 many times when I was stationed on Sterlet (SS-392).
You are looking at a submarine tied up on the north side of the northern of the 'finger piers' (which no longer exist). The view looks across toward the 'destroyer' wharfs at the Naval Station. Over the after deck of the submarine you can see two ships. One is the bow of what appears to be and LST with the hull number(s) 225, 223, 228 all of which are impossible. Forward of the LST is the bow of a destroyer or destroyer escort with the hull number 327 which would maker her the Brister (DER-327) which is possible. The thing that looks like an LST bow may be two larger DD types, but I don't think so.
Text i.d. courtesy of Jim Christley & Ric Hedman.
US National Archives photo # 80-G-1036981, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.
Nautilus 1.40k Torpedoman Greenhill (TM3) routines the torpedoes as the Nautilus (SSN-571) makes her way to the polar ice cap in 1958. US National Archives photo # 80-G-1036974, from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.
Nautilus 529k Nautilus (SSN-571), passes under the North Pole. As the submarine passes under the Arctic ice, members of her crew watch one of the two movies shown daily in the crew's mess, July 1958. Photos # 80-G-1036982 courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, via flickr.com.
Nautilus 85k Cmdr W.R. Anderson, USN, commanding officer of the Nautilus (SSN-571) and Dr. Waldo Lyon, Senior Scientist, observe the thickness of the ice overhead by watching ice recorded in attack center. U.S. Navy courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus757kNaval Commander John W. Harvey (C), posing with two other officers aboard the nuclear submarine Nautilus (SSN-571) which cruised 100,000 miles submerged during two historic missions, Photo by James Drake/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Nautilus 86k Track of the Nautilus (SSN-571) during her 1958 submerged cruise to the Arctic. USN photo courtesy of the US Navy Arctic Submarine Laboratory.
Nautilus 25k Polar flag flown by the Nautilus (SSN-571) during her 1958 submerged cruise to the Arctic. USN photo courtesy of the US Navy Arctic Submarine Laboratory.
Nautilus 71k Painting commemorating the Nautilus (SSN-571) during her 1958 submerged cruise to the Arctic. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Nautilus 126k As the second commanding officer of the Nautilus (SSN-571), Captain William Anderson made the first voyage in history from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean via the North Pole.
On 3 August 1958, at a depth of 400 feet, Nautilus passed beneath the Polar ice cap. Prior to the trans-polar expedition, Anderson led Nautilus during a major North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) exercise in September and October 1957, demonstrating the nuclear submarine's capabilities against modern anti-submarine warfare forces. During this exercise, Nautilus evaded nearly all pursuers and launched many attacks without being detected.
Anderson, a native of Bakerville, Tennessee, graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in June 1942 and from submarine school in September 1942. He served aboard Tarpon (SS-175) and Narwhal (SS-167), and was awarded the Bronze Star while serving aboard Trutta (SS-421) during World War II.
Following the war he served aboard Sarda (SS-488), and Tang (SS-563), and as commanding officer of Wahoo (SS-565). He also served as Tactical Department Head at the U.S. Navy Submarine School and as Adviser to the Chief of the Naval Reactors Branch for Submarine Operating Matters, Atomic Energy Commission.
USN photo courtesy of navy.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Pompon635k16th August 1958, The scene at Portland, Dorset as the Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives, having passed under the Arctic ice cap and North Pole on it's journey. Photo by Popperfoto/Getty Images, courtesy of gettyimages.com.
Nautilus 367k The Nautilus (SSN-571) entering New York harbor, 25 August 1958. Nautilus recently made a trans-polar voyage under the Arctic ice. USN photo courtesy of the US Navy Arctic Submarine Laboratory.
Nautilus 106k Submarine Nautilus (SSN-571) (C) arriving in NY harbor w. escorting tugboats, after its unprecedented voyage beneath polar icecap, August 1958. Photographer: Carl Mydans, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 33k Nautilus (SSN-571) in New York harbor, 25 August 1958. Nautilus recently made a trans-polar voyage under the Arctic ice. USN photo courtesy of the US Navy Arctic Submarine Laboratory.
Nautilus 640k Rear Admiral Hyman Rickover boards the Nautilus (SSN-571) in N.Y. harbor from a Navy tug on 25 August 1958. AP Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Nautilus 649k ABOARD THE NAUTILUS (SSN-571)
25 August 1958. Rear Admiral Hyman Rickover,"father of the atomic submarine," stands on the deck of the Nautilus in New York harbor today with a Navy scientist, Dr. Waldo K. Lyon. Dr. Lyon, director of the submarine and Artic research branch of the Navy Electronics Laboratory at San Diego, CA., was aboard the Nautilus when it arrived today from England after its epic under the ice trip across the North Pole.
AP Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Tramp.
Nautilus 597k Commander William Robert Anderson shows map route of Nautilus (SSN-571) polar transit under North Pole (Operation Sunshine), 1958. AP Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Tramp.
Nautilus 566k Captain Eugene Parks Wilkinson poses for the final time with nuclear submarine Nautilus (SSN-571).
This was taken in 1958 after her North Pole record making cruise by Commander William Robert Anderson and his crew. She arrived in New York Harbor August 18th for a visit. The former C.O. Captain Eugene Parks Wilkinson was on hand to pass along his congratulations for a successful voyage.
USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 136k Crew members w. families visiting on Nautilus (SSN-571) at NYC, August 1958. Photographer: Joseph Scherschel, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 203k Ticker tape parade of crew of Nautilus (SSN-571) up lower Broadway, NYC, 28 August 1958. Photographer: Robert W. Kelley, courtesy of life.time.com
Nautilus 448k Four page PDF of the Nautilus (SSN-571) which was produced by the General Dynamics Corporation in 1958, after Nautilus had been refueled for the first time. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 185kFor those of you who were around in those days, something to remember: A colorized Official USN photograph from Nabisco's Defenders of America Series of 1959. The cards were in packages of Nabisco Shredded Wheat from the National Biscuit Company of New York, N.Y.
The Nautilus (SSN-571) crossing the North Pole accompanied by ice floes.
Photos courtesy of Robert M. Cieri & Tommy Trampp.
Nautilus 165k Commerating 50 years of Artic exploration: Nautilus (SSN-571) 1909-1959. Photo courtesy of Arnold Putnam.
Nautilus 178k CRUSING ON THE NAUTILUS (SSN-571)
25 March, members of the Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy on board the submarine.
AP Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Tramp.
Skate538kSub Skippers - The Navy's three atomic sub skippers of the Nautilus (SSN-571), Seawolf (SSN-575) & Skate (SSN-578).....12 April 1959.USN photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Nautilus 62k Nautilus (SSN-571) in May 1959 after she entered Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine for her first complete overhaul - the first of any nuclear powered ship - and the replacement of her second fuel core. Her overhaul was completed in August 1960. Photo courtesy of Ric Hedman.
Text courtesy of Jim Christley, submitted by Ric Hedman.
Zech 388k VADM Lando William Zech, Jr. was appointed to the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1941. At Annapolis, he played varsity baseball and basketball. In his senior year, he captained the baseball team. Admiral Zech served 39 years in the Navy after his graduation from the Naval Academy in 1944 with the World War II Class of 1945. His first assignment was to the destroyer John D. Henley (DD-553) in the western Pacific where he participated in the second battle for the Philippines, the Iwo Jima and Okinawa campaigns and on picket station duty off the coast of Japan during the last days of the war. After the war and a second destroyer tour on the Henry W. Tucker (DD-875), Admiral Zech volunteered for submarine duty and subsequently commanded four submarines, Sea Robin (SS-407) [January 1956 to November 1956], Albacore (AGSS-569) [15 January 1957 to 15 January 1958], and after nuclear power training, Nautilus (SSN-571) [22 June 1959 to 20 April 1962] and John Adams (SSBN-620) [12 May 1964 to 2 March 1965]. He later commanded the guided missile cruiser Springfield (CLG-7) [12 July 1968 to 9 February 1970]. Upon his selection to flag rank, he served as Commandant of the Thirteenth Naval District in Seattle, WA, the Chief of Naval Technical Training in Memphis, TN and as Commander, U.S. Naval Forces, Japan in Yokosuka. After his selection to Vice Admiral he served as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Manpower, Personnel and Training and Chief of Naval Personnel in Washington, D.C. He retired from the Navy in 1983. USN photo & text courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
Entemedor & Nautilus57kNautilus (SSN-571) inboard & the Entemedor (SS-340) with other unidentified boats at the Connecticut State Pier, New London, CT., circa 1960.Courtesy of Chuck Jensen.
Nautilus 400k MEDAL FOR RICKOVER:
At Groton CT., Sec. of the Navy William B. Franke, pinned the Distinguished Service Medal on Admiral Hyman Rickover, pioneer in nuclear propulsion in ceremonies marking the 6th anniversary of the launching of the Nautilus (SSN-571) on 23 January 1961.
AP Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Nautilus 194k Nautilus (SSN-571) at New York, circa 1961. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Nautilus 52k A 1960's watercolor by the artist Albert K. Murray entitled "Nautilus (SSN-571)". Painting #21088-195-HL.
Courtesy of the USNHC.
Fulton61kHalfbeak (SS-352), (second from right) immediately astern of Fulton (AS-11) at the Connecticut State Pier, New London, CT. Other submarines astern of Fulton, include (far right) Nautilus (SSN-571), (third from right) Bang (SS-385), and outboard of Bang, (fourth from right) is Tusk (SS-426). Moored to Fulton's starboard side are three additional submarines. The outboard boat on the starboard side is the Skipjack (SSN-585) & the other two are unidentified. Photo from Subron 10 Cruise Book for 1964-1965, courtesy of Fred (Doc) Gardner xHM1(SS) / FMF USS Skipjack SSN 585 - SN(SS) (1964-1965) and Fred Willshaw.
Nautilus 160k On 10 November 1966, the Nautilus (SSN-571) collided with the Essex (CV-9) while running submerged about 350 miles east of Morehead City, North Carolina, during underway replenishment exercises. Both ships returned to port unassisted. The submarine received extensive damage to its sail area and went to New London, The carrier sustained an open hull cut in the bow area and proceeded to Norfolk, Virginia. USN photo courtesy of cvsg-57veterans.org, submitted by Anton Karklit.
AP Wire insert photo.
Nautilus 689k Night Nautilus (SSN-571). USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Nautilus 23k Commemorative post card marking the Nautilus's (SSN-571) 20th anniversary sailing, 17 January, 1975. Courtesy of Richard Leonhardt.
Nautilus 4.00k Change of Command ceremony PDF on-board the Nautilus (SSN-571), December 1976. Photos courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 211k Nautilus (SSN-571) & the GG in 1979. Photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 388k Nautilus (SSN-571) with San Francisco in the background, May 1979. U.S. Navy # 157559-5-79, courtesy of Jim Stats and submitted by Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 2.30k Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives at Mare Island on 4 June 1979 she is assited by Pushmataha (YTB-830) and Skenandoa (YTB-835). U.S. Navy # 157657A-6-79, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 1.70k Nautilus (SSN-571) entering Mare Island's dry dock #2 on 11 June 1979. U.S. Navy # 157632-6-79, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 1.89k 1979 Welcome Aboard pamphlet. Photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 82k Commemorative post mark honoring the twenty five years's commissioning of the Nautilus (SSN-571), 30 September 1979. Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 822k Nautilus (SSN-571) in dry dock #4 at Mare Island completing her inactivation. She was in this dock from 11/19/79 to 1/30/80. Photo i.d. courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Photo courtesy of Silent Killers: Submarines and Underwater Warfare" by James P. Delgado via Robert Hurst.
Nautilus 202k Captain Dick Riddell poses alongside the Nautilus (SSN-571) during his command, December 1976 - March 1980. USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo via ussnautilus.org.
Decommissioining / Present Day
Nautilus 326k Nautilus (SSN-571) is seen in dry dock 2 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard being inactivated. Photo was taken between 12 June and 3 November 1979. The structure behind the sub's sail is the refueling house used to remove her nuclear fuel. She was inactivated between 11 June 1979 and 29 February 1980. She was then converted to a historical ship between 28 September 1981 and 30 August 1982 at the yard. She was stored at Mare Island until she started her tow to Groton, Conn. on 28 May 1985. USN photo # 161269, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 101k The Nautilus (SSN-571) is seen in dry dock #4 at Mare Island between 19 November 1979 and 30 January 1980 for bottom paint job. USN photo # 164750, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 1.55k PDF of the Decommissioning Ceremony Program for the Nautilus (SSN-571), which was held on board the ship at Mare Island Naval Shipyard on 3 March 1980. Photos courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Nautilus 163k Commemorative post mark honoring the decommissioning of the Nautilus (SSN-571), 3 March 1980. Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves.
Nautilus 196k Nautilus (SSN-571) and Long Beach (CGN-9) at Mare Island Naval Shipyard on 31 January 1980. Nautilus was at the shipyard for inactivation. USN photo # MSA 163841-1-80, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 63k Photo of the lowering of the Commissioning Pennant aboard Nautilus (SSN-571) at Mare Island on 3 March 1980. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 65k Photo of the speaker stand (speaker is unknown) Nautilus (SSN-571) during her decommissioning at Mare Island on 3 March 1980. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 67k Photo of the crew at quarters aboard Nautilus (SSN-571) during her decommissioning at Mare Island on 3 March 1980. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 380k The decommissioned Nautilus (SSN-571) await her historic ship conversion at Mare Island in May 1980. USN photo # 167954, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 185k The Nautilus (SSN-571) is seen in San Francisco Bay circa 1981 just prior to inactivation at Mare Island. Treasure Island is to the left and Yerba Buena Island is to the right. USN photo # MSA 157560-6-82, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 788k Crew's mess, 1983. USN photo # 192537-3-83, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 562k Diving station, 1983. USN photo # 192538-3-83, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 825k Nautilus' (SSN-571) periscopes, 1983. USN photo # 192540-3-83, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 1.5m Nautilus (SSN-571) in Mare Island dry dock #3 in April 1985 getting her final paint job prior to transfer to Groton. She is seen here with the primer coat about complete. USN photo # 208122-4-85, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 1.2m Nautilus (SSN-571) in Mare Island dry dock #3 in May 1985 with her final coat of paint. USN photo # 208349-5-85, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 351k Interior space on board the nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) moored at the Naval Shipyard on 14 May 1985. Official USN photo # DN-SN-85-07220, by PHC J. Kristoffersen, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 237k Interior space on board the nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) moored at the Naval Shipyard on 14 May 1985. Official USN photo # DN-SN-85-07225, by PHC J. Kristoffersen, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 116k Interior space on board the nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) moored at the Naval Shipyard on 14 May 1985. Visible are torpedoes on storage racks. Official USN photo # DN-SN-85-07252, by PHC J. Kristoffersen, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 987k Nautilus (SSN-571) at a Mare Island berth on 27 May 1985. USN photo # 208729-5-85, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 1.2k A Mare Island rigger aboard Nautilus (SSN-571) preparing to pass a line to a tug at Mare Island on 28 May 1985. USN photo # 208842-5-85,courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 988k Nautilus (SSN-571) under tow passed under the Golden Gate on 28 May 1985. San Francisco and the Oakland Bay Bridge in the background. USN photo # 208856-5-85, courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 221k Nautilus (SSN-571) and Quapaw (ATF-110) sailing under the Golden Gate Bridge on 28 May 1985. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
Nautilus 48k A view through a porthole aboard the large harbor tub Pushmataha (YTB-830) of the nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) and large harbor tug Skenandoa (YTB-835) on 28 May 1985. Official USN photo # DN-ST-85-08402, by PH2 Steve Miller, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 171k Port bow view of the nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) being towed through the Gaillard Cut on 21 June 1985. Two inshore patrol craft (PCF) escort the submarine. Official USN photo # DN-ST-85-10151, by PH2 Carl Duvall, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 578k A lighthouse on the canal. In the background, the decommissioned nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) is being towed through the canal, 21 June 1985. Official USN photo # DN-ST-85-10109 from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Photo added 05/12/17.
Nautilus 82kA bow view of the decommissioned nuclear-powered attack submarine Nautilus (SSN-571) being towed through the Gatun Locks on 21 June 1985. The Nautilus is en route to her original home port at Naval Submarine Base, New London, Conn. Official USN photo # DN-ST-87-02317, by PH3 Joan Zopf, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 58k Aerial starboard quarter view of the nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) as it is towed toward the Atlantic Ocean on 21 June 1985. The Nautilus is en route to its original home port at Naval Submarine Base, New London, Ct., where it will remain as a memorial at the Submarine Force Library and Museum. A Fast Patrol Craft (PCF) is visible off the port side. Official USN photo # DN-SN-85-05260, by PH3 Joan Zopf, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 128k The large harbor tugs Negwagon (YTB-834) assists in the mooring the nuclear-powered attack submarine ex-Nautilus (SSN-571) upon its arrival at pier No. 33., 6 July 1985. The submarine will remain at the Submarine Force Library and Museum as a memorial. Official USN photo # DN-SN-85-09408, by PH3 Joan Zopf, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 74k Commemorative post mark honoring 90 years of Arctic Exploration & Nautilus's (SSN-571) 41 year visit to the region. Courtesy of Jack Treutle.
Nautilus 86k Naval Submarine Support Facility's (NSSF) Petty Officer 2nd Class (SS) Larry Alger, below deck, holds the dust cover as two other workers lower the new periscope into the sail of Historic Ship Nautilus (SSN-571), 13 May 2002. The new periscope is just one of several final touches to Nautilus as the submarine completes a 10-day finishing period at SUBASE New London following a four-month, approximately $4.7 million overhaul at General Dynamics Electric Boat. Official USN photo # N-8363H-001, by Nicole Hawley, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil. & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Nautilus 95k Portrait of ET1(SS) Gregory Migliore, a Nautilus (SSN-571) tour guide stationed at the U.S. Navy Submarine Museum in Groton, Conn. Migliore was featured in All Hands Magazine's Focus on Service section in June 2004. All Hands June 2004, pg. 40). USN photo by Photographer's Mate 3rd Class Todd Frantom, courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
Hawaii344kBeing escorted by a tug, Virginia-class attack submarine Hawaii (SSN-776) makes it's way down the Thames River past the historic ship Nautilus (SSN-571) as it departs Naval Submarine Base New London for its new homeport at Naval Station Pearl Harbor on 13 May 2009. USN photo # N-5188B-014 by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Peter D. Blair courtesy of news.navy.mil.
Nautilus 697k The Submarine Force Museum and the U.S. Navy's first nuclear powered submarine, Nautilus (SSN-571). The Submarine Force Museum, located on the Thames River, maintains the U.S Navy's largest collection of submarine artifacts. As the only submarine museum operated by the U.S. Navy, it is the primary repository for artifacts, documents and photographs relating to U.S. Submarine Force history. The museum traces the development of the "Silent Service" from David Bushnell's Turtle, used in the Revolutionary War, to the Ohio (SSBN-726) / (SSBN-743) and Virginia (SSN-774+) class submarines. USN photo # N-ZZ999-003 & text courtesy of navy.mil. via Robert M. Cieri.

View the Nautilus (SSN-571)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Historic Ship NAUTILUS
WPBS Boston Virtual Tour of the USS Nautilus (SSN 571)
HISTORIC SUBMARINE DOCUMENTARY AND TRAINING FILMS
Back To The Main Photo Index Back To the Submarine Index
Problems and site related matters, E-mail Webmaster
This page is created and maintained by Michael Mohl
©1996 - 2017, NavSource History All rights reserved.