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|54k||John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States and principal founder of American constitutional law, was born 24 September 1775 at Germantown (now Midland) in Fauquier County, Va. A member of the Culpeper minutemen early in the Revolution, he entered the 3d Virgina Continental Regiment 30 July 1776 and served ably in a number of important campaigns, rising to Captain. He became a lawyer after the war, serving his state as a leader in the Assembly and in the new Federalist Party. He attracted attention from national leaders, and was offered several diplomatic posts, but preferred to remain in Virginia. In 1797, however, he accepted an appointment on a three man commission to negotiate with France. After French leaders demanded personal bribes in return for engaging in the negotiations, Marshall answered for his colleagues in a brilliant memorial which rejected this extortion and upheld the honor and dignity of the new county.|
Elected to Congress in 1799, Marshall became Secretary of State 6 June 1800. Here he strongly opposed violations of American rights on the high seas and adopted a policy which necessitated a strong navy to give force to our diplomatic protests. Appointed Chief Justice 20 January 1801, Marshall continued to serve as Secretary of State until the end of Adams' administration 4 March 1801. In the Supreme Court, Marshall made his greatest contributions to the development of 'American government. In a series of historic decisions, he established the judiciary as an independent and influential branch of the government equal to Congress and the Presidency.
Perhaps the most significant of these cases was that of Marbury v. Madison, in which the principle of judicial review was simply stated by Marshall: "A legislative act contrary to the Constitution is not law."
Then, as the young nation was endangered by regional and local interests which often threatened to tear it to shreds, Marshall again and again interpreted the Constitution broadly so that the Federal Government had the power to become a respected and creative force guiding and encouraging the nation's growth. For practical purposes, the Constitution in its most important aspects today is the Constitution as John Marshall interpreted it.
As Chief Justice he embodied the majesty of the Judicial Branch of the government as fully as the President stood for the power of the Executive Branch. He died 6 July 1835, having served as Chief Justice for nearly 35 years.
|Photo from the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540, courtesy of Bill Gonyo. Text courtesy of Wikipedia.|
|179k||Submarine Silhouettes of 1960:|
Nautilus (SSN-571), Seawolf (SSN-575), Skate (SSN-578), Skipjack (SS-585), Triton (SSRN-586), Halibut (SSGN-587), Thresher (SSN-593), Tullibee (SSN-597), George Washington (SSBN-598), & Ethan Allen (SSBN-608) classes.
|U.S. Navy Photograph submitted by Ron Titus, courtesy of Ingersoll-Rand. Corp.|
|187k||Nuclear Submarine Profiles 1960: |
Skate (SSN-578) & Skipjack (SS-585) classes,
Halibut (SSGN-587) & Tullibee (SSN-597) classes,
George Washington (SSBN-598) &
Thresher (SSN-593) classes.
|US Navy photo courtesy of Ron Titus courtesy of Ingersoll-Rand. Corp. Photo i.d. courtesy of Dave Johnston.|
|49k||View of the Sam Houston (SSBN-609) during her christening ceremony on 2 February 1961. A sister ship, the John Marshall (SSBN-611), is under construction on the next shipway and would be launched on 15 July 1961. ||Photo courtesy of John Shane, from Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. magazine March 1961, Volume XX, # II.|
|149k||The John Marshall (SSBN-611) prior to the launching ceremony.||Photo courtesy of S. Dale Hargrave.|
|214k||Mrs. Robert F. Kennedy christens the John Marshall (SSBN-611).||Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company photo courtesy of S. Dale Hargrave.|
|186k||The cover of the souvenir launching program for the John Marshall (SSBN-611).||Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company photo courtesy of S. Dale Hargrave.|
|216k||Crew & dock workers line the deck of the John Marshall (SSBN-611) following her launching at Newport News, VA., 15 July 1961.||USN photo # NPC 1056629 courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|200k||Fitting out at Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|240k||Fitting out at Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|188k||Fitting out at Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|228k||Fitting out at Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company.||USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|241k||John Marshall (SSBN-611) underway on 18 April 1962.||USN photo # NPC 1060475 courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|618k||Close enough to finally read the lettering on the stern, underway on 18 April 1962.||USN photo # USN 1060477 courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|267k||Port side view of the John Marshall (SSBN-611) underway off the coast of Newport News, VA. during her sea trials, Spring 1962.||USN photo # NPC 1060478 courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|104k||Mid May 1962 pre-commissioning photo of the John Marshall (SSBN-611), underway off the coast of Newport News, VA. ||US Navy photo.|
|131k||John Marshall (SSBN-611) underway, possibly during her sea trials off the coast of Newport News, VA., Spring 1962.
||US Navy photo courtesy of Wendell Royce McLaughlin Jr.|
|674k||Seven page PDF Welcome Aboard pamphlet for the John Marshall (SSBN-611).||U.S. Navy Photograph courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com
PDF added 04/18/12.
|28k||Captain Thomas Henry Bond commanded the submarine John Marshall (SSBN-611) Blue. ||US Navy photo courtesy of oneternalpatrol.com via Bill Gonyo.|
|910k||Bow on view of the John Marshall (SSBN-611) May 1967.||USN photo # NPC 1122038 courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|2.365m||PDF of the John Marshall's (SSN-611) 1974 Change of Command.||USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|55k||John Marshall (SSBN-611), SRF Guam Drydock. It was taken approximately December 1980.||US Navy photo courtesy of FAS (Federation of American Scientists) fas.org.|
|73k||John Marshall (SSN-611), at Haifa, Israel, July 1989. Photo taken from Orion (AS-18).||Photo by David Spence.|
|63k||John Marshall (SSBN-611), 1990, 30th anniversary of the keel laying.||US Navy photo courtesy of FAS (Federation of American Scientists) fas.org.|
|41k||John Marshall (SSN-611), alongside the Orion (AS-18), circa 1989.||Courtesy of tripod.com.|
|50k||John Marshall (SSN-611), underway with the port of Haifa Israel with Mt. Carmel in the background, 7 May 1991. ||Photo courtesy of Robert Hurst.|
|38k||Commemorative post mark on the John Marshall's (SSBN-611) participation in Operation Desert Storm, Sept, 1991. ||Courtesy of Jack Treutle.|
|83k||Trench 94, Hanford Site, Washington, 1994. Hull sections containing defueled reactor compartments of decommissioned nuclear-powered submarines are put in disposal trenches. Once full, the trench will be filled with dirt and buried. The compartments are expected to retain their integrity for more than 600 years.||USN photo & partial text courtesy of home.flash.net/~tomj/tunny/chop/rx. & submitted by Jack Treutle.|
|569k||Sealed reactor compartments are shipped by barge out of Puget Sound Naval Base down the coast and along the Columbia River to the port of Benton. There the radioactively-contaminated hull sections are transferred to special multiwheeled high-load trailers for transport to the Hanford Reservation in Washington State. Pictured below is the burial ground for spent fuel of the following 77 nuclear reactor submarines as of March 2003:|
Patrick Henry (SSBN-599),
George Washington (SSBN-598),
Robert E. Lee (SSBN-601),
Thomas Jefferson (SSBN-618),
Theodore Roosevelt (SSBN-600),
John Adams (SSBN-620),
Abraham Lincoln (SSBN-602),
Ethan Allen (SSBN-608),
Thomas A. Edison (SSBN-610),
Glenard P. Lipscomb (SSN-685),
James Monroe (SSBN-622),
Nathan Hale (SSBN-623),
Sam Houston (SSBN-609),
Ulysses S. Grant (SSBN-631),
John Marshall (SSBN-611),
George C. Marshall (SSBN-654),
Alexander Hamilton (SSBN-617),
George Washington Carver (SSBN-656),
Will Rogers (SSBN-659),
Henry L. Stimson (SSBN-655),
Daniel Boone (SSBN-629),
John C. Calhoun (SSBN-630),
Casimir Pulaski (SSBN-633),
Francis Scott Key (SSBN-657),
Benjamin Franklin (SSBN-640),
Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634),
Simon Bolivar (SSBN-641),
Mariano G. Vallejo (SSBN-658),
Lewis & Clark (SSBN-644),
Flying Fish (SSN-673),
Baton Rouge (SSN-689),
Henry Clay (SSBN-625),
James Madison (SSBN-627),
George Bancroft (SSBN-643),
& Woodrow Wilson (SSBN-624).
|USN photo & partial text courtesy of home.flash.net/~tomj/tunny/chop/rx. & submitted by Jack Treutle.|
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