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Joshua Barney was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on 6 July 1759, and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1 December 1818, having served with distinction in the Navy during both the Revolution and the War of 1812. In February 1776, as masterís mate of Hornet, he took part in Commodore Hopkinsís descent upon New Providence. Later he served on Wasp and was made a lieutenant for gallantry in the action between that vessel and the British brig Tender. While serving on Andrea Doria he took a prominent part in the defense of the Delaware. Lieutenant Barney was taken prisoner several times and several times exchanged. In 1779 he was again taken prisoner and was imprisoned in Hill Prison in England until his escape in 1781. In 1782 he was put in command of the Pennsylvania ship, Hyder Ally, in which he captured the British ship, General Monk, a vessel of far heavier guns than his own. He was given command of this prize and sailed for France with dispatches for Benjamin Franklin, returning with the information that peace had been declared. After the Revolution he entered the French Navy, where he was made commander of a squadron. After a successful stint as the captain of the privateer Rossie early in the War of 1812, Barney devised a plan to defend the Chesapeake Bay that the Navy Department accepted. As a captain in the US Navy, he assembled, outfitted, and manned a flotilla of barges that served to delay but not deter the British forces from attacking Washington. After scuttling his vessels to prevent their capture, Barney and his flotillamen made a valiant but doomed attempt to repulse the British at Bladensburg, Maryland, on 24 August 1814. For his gallant conduct in the defense of the capital, he received a sword from the city of Philadelphia and the thanks of the legislature of Georgia. The wounds received in the battle of Bladensburg may have contributed to his death in Pittsburgh in 1818, which occurred while on his way to Kentucky where he planned to retire. His body is buried in Pittsburg's Allegheny Cemetery. Digital ID: cph 3a04337, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.
|117k||A sketch of USS Commodore Barney striking a torpedo during the James River expedition of 4 to 7 August 1863. She continued on the rest of the expedition while under tow.
"Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper", 29 August 1863, from the publication collections of the US Library of Congress.
|226k||A dramatic illustration made from a sketch by an eye-witness aboard the gunboat Cohasset. It is titled, "Explosion Of A Torpedo Under The Bow Of The United States Gun-Boat '[USS] Commodore Barney,' In The James River." published in a Civil War era "Harper's Weekly", August 29, 1863||Tommy Trampp|
|171k||USS Commodore Barney at anchor on the James River, date unknown.
US Library of Congress photo.
|164k||USS Commodore Barney officers photo taken while the ship was at anchor on the James River, date unknown.
US Library of Congress photo.
|280k||USS Commodore Barney at an unknown location sometime between 1862 and 1865. The vessel appears to be moored and has a slight list to starboard, as evidenced by the paddle wheel partially out of water.Library of Congress; Lot 4182, no. 56||Mike Green|
|Officers in Charge|
|01||LT. Renshaw, Richard T.||October 1861 - 10 March 1862|
|02||LCDR. Chaplin, James C.||10 March 1862 - 28 October 1862|
|03||LT. Cushing, William Barker||28 October 1862 - 29 June 1863|
|05||Act. Master Williams, James M.||25 February 1864 - 10 August 1864|
|06||Act. LT. Livingston, George B.||10 August 1864 - 5 May 1865|
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