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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

CSS Stonewall

Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Civil War Medal

Ironclad Ram:
  • Built by L. Arman at Bordeaux, France, in 1863-64 for the Confederate States Government; however
  • French Government refused to permit her delivery
  • Sold to Denmark, via a Swedish intermediary, for use in the Schleswig-Holstein War, named Sphinx
  • Sphinx failed to reach Copenhagen before end of the Schleswig-Holstein War and was returned to her builders
  • Resold to the Confederate States Government in December 1864
  • Renamed Stonewall, CAPT. Thomas J. Page CSN, in command
  • CSS Stonewall departed Copenhagen to load supplies in France, to throw off suspicion of her actual ownership she was renamed Staerkodder and Oline
  • Unable to replenish fully in French waters Stonewall sailed for Madeira but put into Ferrol, Spain instead because of bad weather
  • Stonewall reached Nassau, New Providence, 6 May 1865 onward to Havana where because of wars end she was turned over to the Captain General of Cuba
  • Cuba delivered Stonewall to the US Government in July 1865
  • US Government sold Stonewall to Japan in 1867, where she was renamed Kotetsu later Azuma
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
    Displacement 900 t.
    Length 171' 10"
    Beam 32' 8"
    Draft 14' 4"
    Speed 10 kts
    Complement unknown
    Armament unknown
    Propulsion steam

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    Size Image Description Contributed
    CSS Stonewall
    Stonewall Jackson 62k

    Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson
    (January 21, 1824 May 10, 1863) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. The general survived with the loss of an arm to amputation, but died of complications from pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public. Jackson in death became an icon of Southern heroism and commitment, becoming a mainstay in the pantheon of the "Lost Cause".
    Military historians consider Jackson to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in U.S. history. His Valley Campaign and his envelopment of the Union Army's right wing at Chancellorsville are studied worldwide even today as examples of innovative and bold leadership. He excelled as well in other battles: the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) where he received his famous nickname "Stonewall"; the Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas); and the battles of Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Jackson was not universally successful as a commander, however, as displayed by his late arrival and confused efforts during the Seven Days Battles around Richmond in 1862.
    Tommy Trampp
    Stonewall 117k Plan of CSS Stonewall, author unknown. Robert Hurst
    100k Side view plan of CSS Stonewall, circa 1864. Robert Hurst
    322k Launching of the ironclad ram Le Sphinx at the Arman shipyards, Bordeaux, France.
    Engraving by Mr Duffet, 1 January 1864.
    Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 243k "THE CONFEDERATE STEAM RAM STONEWALL LEAVING LISBON HARBOR", published in "Harper's Weekly" May 1865. Tommy Trampp
    Stonewall 143k Engraving of CSS Stonewall published in "Harper's Weekly", 3 February 1866 as part of a larger print entitled "The Iron-clad Navy of the United States. See US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # 73968.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 61424.
    Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 135k Confederate ironclad CSS Stonewall anchored off Ferrol, Spain in March, 1865.
    Library of Congress, Photo No . LOT 4182, No. 32
    Mike Green
    Stonewall 152k Stonewall in dry dock, date and location unknown.
    Photo from "The Photographic History of the Civil War in Ten Volumes", Vol Six, The Navies".
    Tommy Trampp
    Stonewall 153k
    US Ram Stonewall
    Stonewall 202k Ex-Confederate iron-clad ram Stonewall at anchor at Washington, DC, in June 1865. Note US Capitol in the background.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 43994.
    Mike Green
    Stonewall 113k Ex-CSS Stonewall moored in the Anacostia River, off the Washington Navy Yard, circa 1865.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo #: NH 70813
    Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 77k Photo of ex-CSS Stonewall from on board another ship, probably while laid up off the Washington Navy Yard, in 1865-66. Photo mounted on a stereograph card. Note Stonewall's stern decoration.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 86238. Courtesy of the Steamship Historical Society of America, 1952. Collection of Rosmar S. Devereaux.
    Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 148k Ex CSS Stonewall at anchor, off the Washington Navy Yard, D.C., circa 1865-67, while awaiting disposal.
    Photo from "The Photographic History of the Civil War in Ten Volumes", Vol Six, The Navies".
    Tommy Trampp
    Stonewall 165k Ex CSS Stonewall at anchor, off the Washington Navy Yard, D.C., circa 1865-67, while awaiting disposal.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo No. NH 43993
    Mike Green
    Stonewall 132k From the captured Confederate states Ram Stonewall, a letter book handwritten deck copy prepared by John Roop Jr, Senior Engineer, for Honorable Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy. A correct copy as signed by S.D. Hibbert Navy Dept. (Hibbert was assigned special duty Bureau of Steam Engineering from 1863-1867). The document is on ruled paper and reads:
    "Copy U.S. Ram "Stonewall",
    December 1st, 1865.
    Sir, I am pleased to say that since Wm. H. G. West has been attached to this ship he has been unremitting in the discharge of his dutie: His conduct has my my entire approbation. He is a most excellent and reliable officer and I shall be pleased to hear of his early professional advancement.
    Very respectfully, Your obedient servant....
    Tommy Trampp
    Kotetsu / Azuma
    326k Sketch of the Japanese ironclad Kotetsu, later renamed Azuma, circa 1866. Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 107k Japanese ironclad Azuma moored to a buoy in a Japanese port, circa late-1860s.
    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 42257
    Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 153k Japanese ironclad Azuma at anchor probably in a Japanese port, circa late-1860s.
    Colorized version thanks to Laststandonzombieisland of U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 101772. courtesy of Tom Stribling, 1986.
    Tommy Trampp
    Stonewall 132k Halftone reproduction of an artwork of Japanese ironclad Azuma in harbor, location unknown.
    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 86930.
    Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 115k Artwork (1871) depicting the Japanese ironclad Azuma in a Far East port late-1860s.
    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 42258
    Robert Hurst
    Stonewall 123k Azuma leads the Japanese Imperial Fleet line of battle at the Naval Battle of Hakodate in May 1869.
    Photo from the "Illustrated London News", 11 September 1869
    Tommy Trampp
    127k Sketch of Azuma.
    Image from the book "The biography of Tye Captain Koga Gengo". Published by Kogagengodenkannkokai, 1933.
    Robert Hurst

    CSS Stonewall
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01CAPT. Page, Thomas Jefferson, CSNJanuary 1865 - 19 May 1865
    Courtesy Bill Gonyo

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    Last Updated 18 September 2020