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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive
USS Congress (III)
Congress, one of six frigates authorized by congressional enactment of 27 March 1794
Built by naval constructor, J. Hackett, at Portsmouth, N.H.
Her construction, interrupted upon conclusion of peace terms with Algiers, was resumed with the eminence of naval war with France, Launched 15 August 1799 under the command of CAPT. J. Sever
After outfitting USS Congress proceeded to Newport, R.I., in December 1799
Congress set out to sea from Newport to protect commerce from French despoilment, 6 January 1800, in company with the frigate, USS Essex, escorting merchant ships to the East Indies
29 August 1800 Congress recaptured the merchant brig, Experiment, seized 3 days previously by a French privateer
Returning to Boston in April 1801 Congress was placed in ordinary at Washington, D.C.
Recommissioned in April 1804, CAPT. John Rodgers, in command
USS Congress departed for Hampton Roads to join the ships of the Mediterranean Squadron, at Gibraltar on 11 August, Under command of Stephen Decatur Congress returned to the United States in November, carrying the Tunisian ambassador to the United States
Laid up in ordinary at Washington until 1811
Recommission in the fall of 1811, under the command of CAPT. J. Smith
Congress was assigned to the squadron of Commodore J. Rodgers, patrolling the North Atlantic, from June to August 1812
Sailing in company with the frigate USS President, from Boston on 8 October she captured nine prizes before returning on 31 December
30 April 1813, Congress again put to sea, cruising off the Cape Verde Islands and the Brazil coast she captured four small enemy ships
On 14 December she returned to Portsmouth for repairs, remaining there for the duration
From October 1822 to April 1823 Congress, CAPT. J. Biddle, in command, operated against the West Indies pirates. During the second half of 1823 she carried the United States Ministers to Spain and the Argentine Republic
In 1824 Congress was placed in ordinary at Norfolk until December when she was towed to Washington for repairs
In November 1829 she returned to Norfolk where she served as receiving ship for several years and then was laid up in ordinary
Final Disposition, surveyed in 1834 Congress was found unfit for repair and was broken up at the Norfolk Navy Yard by order of the Navy Commissioner
Displacement 1,265 t.
Depth of Hold 13' 4"
Draft 13' 6"
Decks Orlop, berth, Gun, Spar
twenty-eight 18-pdr long guns
twenty 32-pdr carronades
Propulsion sail, three masts, ship rig
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||A pencil and ink on paper drawing of the hull for frigates USS Constellation (1797) and the USS Congress (III) (1799).
Designed by Joshua Humphreys and Josiah Fox, et al., 1795.
National Archives and Records Administration, Records of the Bureau of Ships
||USS Congress Sail Plan by sailmaker Charles Ware, 1 January 1816.
National Archives RG 45 Ware Drawings; see Sailing warships of the US Navy, p. 46, Donald L. Canney, Naval Institute Press, 2001.
||Launching of USS Washington (IV), at Portsmouth Navy Yard, 1 Oct 1814. USS Congress (III)
. Image courtesy of the Collection of Historic New England.
Painting by John S. Blunt circa 1815.
USS Congress (III)
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 19 October 2018
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|