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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive
Andrew Doria (I)
The merchant brig Defiance whose purchase was authorized by the Continental Congress on 13 October 1775
Acquired by the Marine Committee in mid-November, the brig, was renamed Andrew Doria
Commanded by CAPT. Nicholas Biddle, Andrew Doria departed Philadelphia, 4 January 1776, enroute to the Bahamas to raid the island of New Providence
Andrew Doria and the ships of COMO. Esek Hopkins squadron engaged the British frigate HMS Glasgow in a running battle on 6 April 1776, until recalled by Hopkins for fear of running afoul of the British Squadron known to be in nearby waters
When the American fleet had reformed, it retired to New London, CT., where it arrived on the morning of 8 April
The following week Andrew Doria sortied with Cabot, on 19 May they were spotted by the Royal Navy frigate HMS Cerberus which they avoided
21 May, the brig captured the as a prize the sloop Two Friends laden with sugar rum, molasses bound for Liverpool
29 May while cruising in a northeasterly direction Andrew Doria took two prizes the British transports Oxford and Crawford
11 July Andrew Doria took as a prize the merchantman Nathaniel and Elizabeth heavily laden with sugar and rum from Jamaica, bound for London
In early September the brigantine captured as a prizes Molly, the brig Maria both vessels belonging to Lord Dunmore's fleet
Andrew Doria also took as prizes the merchant brigantines Lawrence and Elizabeth, the brigs Betsy
and Peggy also part of Lord Dunmore's fleet
CAPT. Isaiah Robinson took command of Andrew Doria 17 October sailing to the West Indies to obtain a
cargo of munitions and military supplies at St. Eustatius
When she reached that Dutch island on 16 November, Andrew Doria fired a salute of 11 guns and received a reply, the first salute to an American flag on board an American warship in a foreign port.
Andrew Doria encountered and defeated HMS Racehorse off Puerto Rico while homeward bound with her cargo also capturing the scow Thomas on 12 December
Andrew Doria remained in the Delaware as part of the forces charged with defending Philadelphia against British fleet under Vice Admiral Lord Howe
in September 1777
Following the British occupation of Fort Mifflin on 16 November 1777, Andrew Doria, with the remaining ships of the Continental Navy, sought sought
shelter under the guns of Fort Mercer, at Red Bank, N. J.
With the evacuation of Fort Mercer, 20 November, CAPT Robinson gave orders, 21 November for the ships to be burned to prevent capture
Depth of Hold unknown
Armament 14 4-pdrs
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Andrea Doria, An imperial admiral of the Holy Roman Empire, commanded several expeditions against the Ottoman Empire, capturing Koroni and Patras, and co-operating with
the emperor himself in the capture of Tunis (1535). Charles V found him an invaluable ally in the wars with Francis I of France, and through him extended his domination
over the whole of Italy.
In February 1538, Pope Paul III succeeded in assembling a Holy League (comprising the Papacy, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, the Republic of Venice and the Maltese
Knights) against the Ottomans, but Hayreddin Barbarossa defeated its combined fleet, commanded by Andrea Doria, at the Battle of Preveza in September 1538. This victory
secured Turkish dominance over the Mediterranean for the next 33 years, until the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.
He accompanied Charles V on the ill-fated Algiers expedition of 1541, of which he disapproved, and which ended in disaster. For the next five years he continued to serve
the emperor in various wars, in which he was generally successful and always active, although now over seventy years old.
||The Continental Brigantine Andrew Doria under way with CAPT. Nicholas Biddle in command.
||The Continental Brigantine Andrew Doria under way.
||The first official salute to the American flag on board an American warship in a foreign port, 16 November 1776.
Painting by Phillips Melville, depicting Continental Brigantine Andrew Doria receiving a salute from the Dutch fort at St. Eustatius, West Indies,
16 November 1776. The artist shows the "Grand Union" flag flying at Andrew Doria's stern and foremast peak
US Naval History and Heritage Command
photo # NH 85510-KN, courtesy of the U.S. Navy Art Collection, Washington, D.C. Donation of Colonel Phillips Melville, USMC (Retired), 1977.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 15 January 2016
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|