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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

Congress (I)

  • Built in 1776 at Skenesborough, N.Y. by order of of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold, as of the fleet intended to impede British advance southward on Lake Champlain
  • Congress joined Arnold's fleet,n 6 October 1776, serving flagship during the battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain, fought on 11-13 October 1776
  • Congress suffered extensive damage to her hull, mast, and yards at the hands of the vastly superior British force
  • Arnold's fleet, hopeful of further delaying the enemy as well as escaping to Crown Point, slipped through the British line under cover of darkness, 12 October
  • Overtaken the following day at Split Rock, Congress was so shattered that Arnold was obliged to run her ashore and set the ship ablaze
    Displacement 123 t.
    Length 71' 4"
    Beam 19' 7"
    Depth of Hold 6' 2"
    Draft unknown
    Speed unknown
    Complement 80
    four 6-pdrs
    two 12-pdrs two 18-pdrs
    Propulsion oar and sail

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    Size Image Description Contributed
    C0ngress (I) 27k Undated image of the galley Congress (I) with the sloop-of-war Enterprise (I) and other ships at the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain New York, 11-13 October 1776.
    Navy image from "The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships"
    Robert Hurst

    Congress (I)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 17 June 2016