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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

Congress (I)


Galley:
  • Built in 1776 at Skenesborough, N.Y. by order of of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold, as of the fleet intended to impede British advance southward on Lake Champlain
  • Congress joined Arnold's fleet,n 6 October 1776, serving flagship during the battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain, fought on 11-13 October 1776
  • Congress suffered extensive damage to her hull, mast, and yards at the hands of the vastly superior British force
  • Arnold's fleet, hopeful of further delaying the enemy as well as escaping to Crown Point, slipped through the British line under cover of darkness, 12 October
  • Overtaken the following day at Split Rock, Congress was so shattered that Arnold was obliged to run her ashore and set the ship ablaze
    Specifications:
    Displacement 123 t.
    Length 71' 4"
    Beam 19' 7"
    Depth of Hold 6' 2"
    Draft unknown
    Speed unknown
    Complement 80
    Armament
    four 6-pdrs
    two 12-pdrs two 18-pdrs
    Propulsion oar and sail

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    C0ngress (I) 27k Undated image of the galley Congress (I) with the sloop-of-war Enterprise (I) and other ships at the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain New York, 11-13 October 1776.
    Navy image from "The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships"
    Robert Hurst

    Congress (I)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 17 June 2016