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Baltimore (II)

  • Built as th merchant ship Adriana in 1795 at Baltimore, MD.
  • Acquired by the Navy, 3 May 1798, through funds donated by the citizens of Baltimore
  • Renamed Baltimore, 29 June 1798
  • Commissioned Baltimore, summer 1798, CAPT. Isaac Phillips in command
  • Baltimore was almost immediately pressed into service to protect American merchant shipping in the Caribbean against pirates and French warships and privateers in what would become known as the Quasi-War with France
  • She joined Constellation in September sailing to Havana to escort a large convoy of American merchantmen to the United States
  • The convoy of 40 merchantmen departed Havana, 29 September completing the journey without incident
  • Baltimore then escorted a Charleston to Havana convoy in late October encountering a British squadron on 16 November
  • Capt. Phillips in Baltimore ordered the ships of the convoy to scatter and make it into Havana as best they could while he diverted the British squadron's attention
  • Phillips went on board the British flagship at the invitation of the squadron commodore learning that the British intended to impress Baltimore crewmen
  • When he arrived back on board Baltimore, he found a British officer mustering his crew for inspection and impressment
  • Capt. Phillips allowed the British officer to take off 55 members of his crew, all but 5 crew members were returned
  • Baltimore continued on to Havana where she gathered a return convoy which reached the US in late December 1798
  • For allowing such a flagrant violation of American sovereignty CAPT. Phillips was summarily dismissed from the Navy on 10 January 1799
  • Baltimore returned to convoy duty with her first lieutenant, Josias M. Speake in temporary command until Capt. Samuel Barron assumed command
  • Baltimore continued to cruise the West Indies in search of French privateers through the spring and summer of 1800
  • The ship returned to Baltimore in mid-November 1800 where she was made ready for disposal
  • She was sold to the city of Baltimore sometime in 1801
    Displacement 422 t.
    Length 103' 9"
    Beam 30' 8"
    Depth of Hold unknown
    Draft unknown
    Speed unknown
    Complement 180
    eighteen 9-pdrs
    six 4-pdrs
    Propulsion sail

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    Baltimore (II)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 16 September 2016