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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

Baltimore (II)


Ship:
  • Built as th merchant ship Adriana in 1795 at Baltimore, MD.
  • Acquired by the Navy, 3 May 1798, through funds donated by the citizens of Baltimore
  • Renamed Baltimore, 29 June 1798
  • Commissioned Baltimore, summer 1798, CAPT. Isaac Phillips in command
  • Baltimore was almost immediately pressed into service to protect American merchant shipping in the Caribbean against pirates and French warships and privateers in what would become known as the Quasi-War with France
  • She joined Constellation in September sailing to Havana to escort a large convoy of American merchantmen to the United States
  • The convoy of 40 merchantmen departed Havana, 29 September completing the journey without incident
  • Baltimore then escorted a Charleston to Havana convoy in late October encountering a British squadron on 16 November
  • Capt. Phillips in Baltimore ordered the ships of the convoy to scatter and make it into Havana as best they could while he diverted the British squadron's attention
  • Phillips went on board the British flagship at the invitation of the squadron commodore learning that the British intended to impress Baltimore crewmen
  • When he arrived back on board Baltimore, he found a British officer mustering his crew for inspection and impressment
  • Capt. Phillips allowed the British officer to take off 55 members of his crew, all but 5 crew members were returned
  • Baltimore continued on to Havana where she gathered a return convoy which reached the US in late December 1798
  • For allowing such a flagrant violation of American sovereignty CAPT. Phillips was summarily dismissed from the Navy on 10 January 1799
  • Baltimore returned to convoy duty with her first lieutenant, Josias M. Speake in temporary command until Capt. Samuel Barron assumed command
  • Baltimore continued to cruise the West Indies in search of French privateers through the spring and summer of 1800
  • The ship returned to Baltimore in mid-November 1800 where she was made ready for disposal
  • She was sold to the city of Baltimore sometime in 1801
    Specifications:
    Displacement 422 t.
    Length 103' 9"
    Beam 30' 8"
    Depth of Hold unknown
    Draft unknown
    Speed unknown
    Complement 180
    Armament
    eighteen 9-pdrs
    six 4-pdrs
    Propulsion sail

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    Baltimore (II)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 16 September 2016