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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive-Iwo Jima, 19 Feb.-16Mar. 1945)
Bottom Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal

LSM-1 Class Landing Ship Medium:
  • Laid down (date unknown) at Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, TX.
  • Launched (date unknown)
  • Commissioned USS LSM-60, 25 August 1944, LT. William W. Doar, USNR in command
  • During World War II LSM-60 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the:
  • Decommissioned (date unknown)
  • Struck from the Naval Register (date unknown)
  • Final Disposition, obliterated, 25 July 1946, at Bikini Atoll during "Operation Crossroads" Test Baker
  • LSM-60 earned one battle star for World War II service
    Displacement 520 t.(light), 743 t. (landing) 1,095 t.(fully loaded)
    Length 203' 6" oa
    Beam 34' 6"
    Draft light, 3' 6" forward, 7' 8" aft, fully loaded, 6' 4" forward, 8' 3" aft
    Speed 13.2 kts. (max.), (928 tons displacement)
    Complement 5 officers, 54 enlisted
    Armament one single bow mounted 40mm gun, four single 20mm gun mounts
    Vehicle/Boat Capacity 5 medium or 3 heavy tanks, or 6 LVT's, or 9 DUKW's
    Troop Capacity 2 officers, 46 enlisted
    Armor 10-lb. STS splinter shield to gun mounts, pilot house and conning station
    Propulsion two Fairbanks Morse (model 38D81/8X10, reversible with hydraulic clutch) diesels. Direct drive with 1,440 BHP each @ 720rpm, twin screws, Endurance, 4,900 miles @ 12kts.(928 tons displacement).
    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    LSM-74 76k LSM-74, LSM-60 and LSM-238 heading towards the beachhead at Iwo Jima, 19 February 1945. USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LSM-60 178k Overhead view of LSM-60 being prepared for "Operation Crossroads" Test Baker at Eniwetok at an unknown Naval Shipyard.LSM-60 designated the "Cinderella Ship" for Test Baker, had the dubious distinction of having the bomb strapped to the bottom of her hull.
    US Navy photo.
    USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LSM-60 170k LSM-60 with the midships hoist being used to lower the cassion into the ship's hold for "Operation Crossroads" Test Baker at Bikini Atoll.
    US Navy photo.
    USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LSM-60 146k LSM-60 being drydocked in preparation for "Operation Crossroads" Test Baker.
    US Navy photo.
    USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LSM-60 80k LSM-60 moored pierside at the shipyard while work progresses on her preparation for "Operation Crossroads" Test Baker.
    US Navy photo.
    USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LSM-60 65k LSM-60 anchored at Bikini Atoll ready for "Operation Crossroads" Test Baker. The caisson slung under her hull has been lowered to a predetermined depth. Test Baker was the underwater shot designed to determine the effects of an underwater atomic bomb explosion upon ships, particularly ship hulls. Use of a surface vessel from which to suspend the bomb made possible a detonation at exactly the predetermined depth and at the exact center of the target array. All errors in positioning the bomb were thus avoided. The antenna used to receive the radio signal which detonated the bomb and the midships hoist used for lowering the bomb caisson are clearly visible in this photo.
    US Navy photo.
    USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LSM-60 59k LSM-60 was obliterated during Operation "Crossroads," Test Baker at Eniwetok Atoll when the signal was received via her antenna at 0835 24 July 1946.
    US Department of Energy photo
    Raymond A. Biswanger, Jr., Ph.D., LT. USN Ret. USS LSM-9 and USS LSM-538

    The DANFS history extract for LSM-60 is from LSM-LSMR Amphibious Forces, Vol. II. Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing Company, © 1997. (ISBN 1-56311-389-9).
    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
    Fleet Reserve Association

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest

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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 11 June 2004