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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Papa - Bravo - Delta
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (5)
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
USS LST-16 was manned by the US Coast Guard during World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 1 September 1942 at Dravo Corp., Wilmington, DE.
Launched, 19 December 1942
Commissioned, USS LST-16, 17 March 1943, LT Rufus W. L. Horton, USCGR, in command
During World War II, USS LST-16 was first assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater:
LST Flotilla Eighteen;
LST Group Fifty-Three;
LST Division One Hundred Five and participated in the following campaigns:
Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
|Campaigns and Dates
||Campaigns and Dates
|North African occupation
Tunisian operations, 1 to 9 July 1943
|West coast of Italy operations
Anzio-Nettuno advanced landings, 22 January to 4 February 1944
|Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1943
||Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
|Salerno Landings, 9 to 21 September 1943
While assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater USS LST-16 was assigned to:
LST Flotilla Thirty-Eight;
LST Group One Hundred Twelve;
LST Division Two Hundred Twenty-Three
Following World War II USS LST-16 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East from 10 September to 25 November 1945
Decommissioned, 8 March 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 12 April 1946
USS LST-16 earned five battle stars for World War II Service
Final Disposition, sold to Ships and Power Equipment Co., Barber, N.J., 5 December 1947, for scrapping
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-379, at left, an unidentified British Landing Ship, center, and USS LST-16 in the far distance land tanks and reinforcements at Salerno, 9 July 1943.
US Signal Corps photo # SC 181224 now in the collections of the US National Archives.
||USS LST-16 under way in the Mediterranean area. Note the USAAF L-4 Grasshopper on the 220ft x 16ft flight deck ready for take-off.
US Navy photo from "Aircraft Carriers" by Norman Polmar.
||USS LST-16 equipped with a portable landing strip, serves as a mini-aircraft carrier to launch USAAF L-4 Grasshopper aircraft
with spotters for the offshore naval gunfire during European invasions in 1944.
Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo # NH 94902
||USS LST-16 beached, alongside USS LST-27, not shown, June 1944, location unknown.
||Timothy Duffy for his father Francis Duffy USS LST-27
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Horton, Rufus, W. L., USCGR||17 March 1943 - 22 May 1945|
|02||LTjg. Kenneally, W. J., USCGR||22 May 1945 - 8 March 1946|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Last Updated 20 January 2017
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|