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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-18


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Papa - Juliet - Foxtrot
NPJF
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (7) - World War II Victory Medal
Bottom Row - Navy Occupation Medal (with Asia clasp) - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippine Liberation Medal (2)



USS LST-18 was manned by the US Coast Guard during World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 1 October 1942, at Dravo Corp, Neville Island, PA.
  • Launched, 15 February 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-18, 26 April 1943, LT. John Lenci, USCG, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-18 served in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    LST Flotilla Seven;
    LST Group Twenty-One;
    LST Division Forty-One and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Eastern New Guinea operation
    Finschhafen occupation, 22 to 24 September 1943
    Leyte operation
    Leyte landings, 13 October to 29 November 1944
    Bismarck Archipelago operation;
    Cape Gloucester landings, New Britain, 25 to 30 December 1943 and 5 to 9, 15 to 19 and 23 to 27 January 1944
    Admiralty Islands landings, 28 March to 1 April 1944
    Luzon operation
    Lingayen Gulf landings, 4 to 18 January 1945
    Hollandia operation, 21 to 26 April and 1 to 7 May 1944 Consolidation and capture of southern Philippines
    Palawan Island landings, 1 to 2 March 1945
    Visayan Islands landings, 26 March and 2 to 4 and 9 to 10 April 1945
    Western New Guinea operation
    Toem-Wakde-Sarmi area, 17 to 19 and 21 to 23 May 1944
    Biak Island, 8 to 10 and 12 to 16 June 1944
    Noemfoor Island, 2 to 7 and 9 to 14 July 1944
    Cape Sansapor, 30 July and 2 August 1944
    Morotai landings, 15 September 1944
     

  • Following World War II USS LST-18 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East from 27 September to 8 November 1945
  • Decommissioned, 3 April 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 17 April 1946
  • Sold for conversion to commercial service, 31 October 1946, to the Suwannee Fruit & Steamship Co., Jacksonville, FL.
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
  • USS LST-18 earned seven battle stars for World War II service
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Raymond Cvetovich, Ph.D.
    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    LST-466
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    Photo # USMC 69080
    125k Cape Gloucester Invasion, December 1943. Loading LSTs at Oro Bay, New Guinea, on December 24, 1943, in preparation for the Cape Gloucester landings two days later. Photographed by Brenner. LSTs present include (from left to right):
    USS LST-202,
    USS LST-466,
    USS LST-468,
    USS LST-475,
    USS LST-474, and
    USS LST-18. Note Marines marching by Jeep in foreground.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # USMC 69080 and Photo from "A Photographic History of World War 2", Colliers, 1946.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    Dan Wilmes
    LST-18/202.245
    Photo from "A Photographic History of World War 2", Colliers, 1946
    315k
    LST-18/202.245 360k USS LST-18, USS LST-245, USS LST-202 and USS LST-467 landing troops and material, on the beach at Leyte, P.I., D-Day 20 October 1944.
    US Navy photo
    LST-18/202 79k From left to right USS LST-67, USS LST-66, USS LST-18, USS LST-245, and USS LST-202 landing troops and material, on the beach at Leyte, P.I., D-Day 20 October 1944.
    from the US Coast Guard Magazine "The Coast Guard and the Pacific War".
    Don Leal USS LST 67 & USS LST 19
    LST-18 71k USS LST-18 at Wakde Island, Dutch New Guinea, 17 May 1944, loading wounded soldiers. Bill Brinkley
    LST-18 1727k USS LST-18 under way at Sansapor, Dutch New Guinea, 30 July 1944, during the Western New Guinea operation.
    US National Archives photo - Southwest Pacific Area photo # SigC-44-2156 by T/4 Bob Weirlinger
    Dave Kerr
    LST-18 206k The beach at Cape Sansapor, Dutch New Guinea, was not made to order for the American invaders, so troops "turned to" to build a ramp out to the yawning bow doors USS LST-18.
    US Coast Guard photo # USCG-V-II-25_LST18
    Mike Green
    LST-18 35k USS LST-18 beached at Jacquinot Bay, New Britain, 8 August 1945. Personnel of the Australian 41 Landing Craft Company moving heavy gear onto the ship for movement to Borneo. Australian War Memorial photo # 094836. Australian War Memorial
    LST-18 1667k USS LST-18 ready to retract from a beach with the help of several bulldozers, date and location unknown.
    US Army Signal Corps. photo # SC 267899, now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    Dave Kerr

    USS LST-18
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Lenci, John USCG26 April 1943 - 4 April 1944
    02LT. Radke, Charles W.4 April 1944 - 4 October 1944
    03LT. Merriam, F. C., USCGR4 October 1944 - 14 August 1945
    04LT. Denny, Gerald R. Denny, USCGR14 August 1945 - 12 November 1945
    05LT. Bird, George H., USCGR12 November 1945 - 3 April 1946
    Courtesy US Coast Guard Historian's Office

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    US Coast Guard Historian's Office - USS LST-18
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 28 April 2017