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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
USS LST-180 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 8 February 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Launched, 3 June 1943
Transferred to the Royal Navy, 9 July 1943
Royal Navy History
Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-180, 9 July 1943
HM LST-180 participated in the Invasion of Normandy, June 1944
Prepared for Far East at Liverpool, June to September 1945
Assigned to the 9th LST Flotilla for the Invasion of the Andaman Islands
Operation later canceled
Paid off and returned to US Navy custody at New York, 17 December 1945 along with LCT-227 which was loaded aboard for the journey to New York
Struck from the Naval Register, 21 January 1946
Sold, 10 March 1948, to Ships and Power Equipment Corp., Barber, N.J.
Resold in 1948 to Shell Oil Co.
Rebuilt as a shallow draft tanker suitable for Shell’s movement of crude oil from their Lake Maracaibo oil fields to the Shell refineries in Aruba and Curacao
Named MT Leona, reflagged Venezuela
Final Disposition, sank in Lake Maracaibo in 1955, presumed scrapped
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 4 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
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Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 12 August 2016
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|