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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
LST-237 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 9 February 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Launched, 8 June 1943
LST-237 saw no active service with the United States Navy
Transferred to the United Kingdom, 12 July 1943
Royal Navy History
Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-237, 12 July 1943
Sailed from Norfolk, VA., 16 August 1943, as part of 9th Flotilla bound for the invasion of
the Andaman Islands, which was subsequently canceled
HM LST-237 was then assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East heater and participated in the following campaigns:
West Coast of Italy operations-1944, Anzio-Nettuno advanced landings
Invasion of Normandy, June 1944
Operated in the shuttle service between Tilbury, Ostend and Antwerp
As part of "W" Task Force HM LST-237 worked down the Arakan coast of Burma and participated in the recapture of Rangoon, before proceeding to the eventual invasion of Malaya at Morib and Port Swettenham, and so to Singapore and Bangkok etc. doing relief work repatriating ex P.O.W.s of the Japanese
Paid off at Singapore and returned to US Navy custody at Subic Bay, Philippines, 16 March 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 26 February 1946
Final Disposition, sold for conversion to merchant service, 5 November 1947, to Bosey, Philippines, fate unknown
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
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| HM LST-237
|| DUKWs practice launching from and embarking onto LSTs at a south coast port during final preparations for the invasion of Normandy, 4 June 1944. HM LST-237 is shown with her bow doors open and ramp down alongside another unidentified LST. Photo taken by Sgt. Laing, No 5 Army Film & Photographic Unit. Photo No. B5154 from the collections of the Imperial War Museums. Part of the War Office Second World War Official Collection.
||Menu for a farewell dinner aboard HM LST-326 for Captain G Owles when Force W was paid off in Singapore on 9 February 1946. The menu consists of three sheets of paper stapled together and represents the bow doors and ramp opening.
||Colin E C Pilcher Flt Lt RAF (retired) for his father LCDR. Leonard George Pilcher RNVR Commanding Officer HM LST-326
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 5 November 2014
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|