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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-277


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Zulu - Hotel - Oscar
NZHO
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (5) - World War II Victory Medal
Bottom Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippines Liberation Medal (1)



USNS T-LST-277 was transferred to Chile, renamed Commandante Toro (LST-97)
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship
  • Laid down, 31 May 1943, at American Bridge Co., Ambridge, PA.
  • Launched, 5 September 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-277, 24 October 1943, LTjg. Edward B. Watson Jr., USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-277 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaigns and Dates Campaigns and Dates
    Marshall Islands operation
    Occupation of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls, 1 to 5 February 1944
    Manila Bay-Bicol operations
    Nasugbu, 31 January 1945
    Marianas operation
    Capture and occupation of Saipan, 17 to 24 June 1944
    Okinawa Gunto operation
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 25 March to 24 June 1945
    Leyte operation
    Leyte landings 20 October 1944
     

  • During the Okinawa Gunto campaign USS LST-277 came under the command of:
    LST Flotilla Three, CDR. A. A. Ageton USN;
    LST Group Seven, LCDR. E. B. Garrigures;
    LST Division Thirteen
  • Following World War II USS LST-277 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East from 20 October 1945 to 12 February 1946
  • Decommissioned, 12 February 1946
  • Assigned to Commander Naval Forces Far East (COMNAVFE) Shipping Control Authority for Japan (SCAJAP), 20 May 1949, redesignated Q055
  • Transferred, 31 March 1952, the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS), and placed in service as USNS T-LST-277
  • Placed out of service and struck from the Naval Register, 1 February 1973
  • Sold to Chile, 2 February 1973, renamed Commandante Toro (LST-97)
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
  • USS LST-277 earned five battle stars for World War II service
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    USS LST-277
    LST-461 1091k USS LST-461, USS LST-277, USS LST-917 and USS LST-571 beached while unloading across pontoon causeways probably at Lingayen Gulf, circa January 1945.
    US Navy photo
    Raymond Cvetovich, Ph.D
    Commandante Toro (LST-97)
    LST-277 60k Ex-USS LST-277 in Chilean Naval service as Commandante Toro (LST-97) at anchor off Hanga Roa, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), 18 April 1976. André Pilon

    USS LST-277
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LTjg. Watson Jr., Edward B., USNR24 October 1943 - February 1945
    02LTjg. Kenney, Robert P., USNRFebruary 1945 - 13 February 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 9 October 2015