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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS Seaward (IX-209)
USS LST-278 (1943 - 1945)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Zulu - Lima - Mike
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 16 June 1943, at American Bridge Co., Ambridge, PA.
  • Launched, 12 September 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-278, 22 October 1943, LT. Morton, N. Black, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-278 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    LST Flotilla Five, CAPT. J.R. Clark;
    LST Group Fourteen, LCDR. K.L. DeForest USNR;
    LST Division Twenty-Eight and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Marianas operation
    Capture and occupation of Saipan, 15 June to 28 July 1944
    Western Caroline Islands operation
    Capture and occupation of southern Palau Islands, 6 September to 14 October 1944
    Tinian capture and occupation, 24 to 28 July 1944
    Occupation of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls, 21 January to 8 February 1944
  • Decommissioned, 22 January 1945
  • Recommissioned, 14 February 1945, renamed and redesignated USS Seaward (IX-209), for service as a barracks and post office at Ulithi Atoll, LTjg. C. A. Adonizio, USNR, in command
  • Decommissioned, date unknown
  • Final Disposition, declared in excess of the Navy's needs and destroyed, 16 October 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 22 May 1947
  • USS LST-278 earned three battle stars for World War II service.

    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-278 36k USS Seaward (IX-209) beached in Apra Harbor, Guam, Marianas Islands in 1945. John De Noma
    LST-278 130k USS Seaward (IX-209) probably at Apra Harbor, Guam, Marianas Islands in 1945. Steve Franklin

    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Black, Morton N., USNR22 October 1943 - 22 January 1945LST-278
     Decommissioned22 January 1943 - 14 February 1945 
    02LTjg. Adonizio, Charles A., USNR14 February 1945 - ?Seaward (IX-209)
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    For more photos and information about USS LST-278 / USS Seaward (IX-209)see;
  • Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
  • Western Caroline Islands Attack Landing Order
  • Beach White Peleliu - CTF 32 Operation Plan A501-44 Appendix 4 to Annex "D"
  • The USS LST Ship Memorial
  • LST Home Port
  • State LST Chapters
  • United States LST Association

  • Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index Back To The Miscellaneous Unclassified (IX) Photo Index
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 6 October 2016