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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
USS Seaward (IX-209)
USS LST-278 (1943 - 1945)
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Zulu - Lima - Mike
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 16 June 1943, at American Bridge Co., Ambridge, PA.
Launched, 12 September 1943
Commissioned USS LST-278, 22 October 1943, LT. Morton, N. Black, USNR, in command
During World War II USS LST-278 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
LST Flotilla Five, CAPT. J.R. Clark;
LST Group Fourteen, LCDR. K.L. DeForest USNR;
LST Division Twenty-Eight and participated in the following campaigns:
Decommissioned, 22 January 1945
Recommissioned, 14 February 1945, renamed and redesignated USS Seaward (IX-209), for service as a barracks and post office at Ulithi Atoll, LTjg. C. A. Adonizio, USNR, in command
Decommissioned, date unknown
Final Disposition, declared in excess of the Navy's needs and destroyed, 16 October 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 22 May 1947
USS LST-278 earned three battle stars for World War II service.
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
Capture and occupation of Saipan, 15 June to 28 July 1944
|Western Caroline Islands operation
Capture and occupation of southern Palau Islands, 6 September to 14 October 1944
|Tinian capture and occupation, 24 to 28 July 1944
Occupation of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls, 21 January to 8 February 1944
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS Seaward (IX-209) beached in Apra Harbor, Guam, Marianas Islands in 1945.
||John De Noma
||USS Seaward (IX-209) probably at Apra Harbor, Guam, Marianas Islands in 1945.
|01||LT. Black, Morton N., USNR||22 October 1943 - 22 January 1945||LST-278|
| ||Decommissioned||22 January 1943 - 14 February 1945|| |
|02||LTjg. Adonizio, Charles A., USNR||14 February 1945 - ?||Seaward (IX-209)|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Last Updated 6 October 2016
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|