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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Delta - Romeo - Yankee
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal

USS LST-280 transferred to the Royal Navy in October 1944 for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 16 July 1943, at American Bridge Co., Ambridge, PA.
  • Launched, 26 September 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-280, 2 November 1943, ENS. Lyle E. Brown USN, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-280 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaign:

    European-Africa-Middle East Campaign
    Campaign and Dates
    Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
  • Decommissioned and transferred to the United Kingdom, 26 October 1944
  • Royal Navy History
  • Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-280, 26 October 1944
    Under repair in Thames from 8 July 1944 to 18 January 1945
    Loaded LCT-2124 aboard for Far East service
    Participated in the invasion of Malaya
    Visited Gibraltar, Malta, Port Said, Port Tewfik, Massawa, Aden, Bombay, Cochin, Trincomalee, Vizagapatam, Madras, Rangoon, Thailand and Singapore
    Paid off and returned to US Navy custody at Subic Bay, Philippines, 13 April 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 5 June 1946
  • USS LST-280 earned one battle star for World War II service
  • Final Disposition, sold, 5 December 1947, to Bosey, Philippines, fate unknown
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-280 177k USS LST-280 beached at Normandy while unloading trucks, date unknown. Alex L. McGinnis MAC, USN Ret. for his father Roland T. McGinnis USS LST-280 bow gunner wounded on a return trip to England, when the ship was torpedoed, and for his uncle SSGT Alexander McGinnis, killed in action in Europe 45 days after D-Day
    LST-280 143k USS LST-280 sailors fill out absentee votes in the 1944 Presidential Election while in a British port shortly before the ship was transferred to the Royal Navy. From left to right; Chief Commissary Steward F. J. Cain, Motor Machinists Mate 1st Class L. J. Crumpler, Commanding Officer LT. Lyle E. Brown, Lt. Thomas, Storekeeper 2nd Class James Creamer, Radioman 3rd Class J.A. Mitchell.
    US National Archives Photo # 80-G-283680 a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
    Tracy White

    USS LST-280
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01ENS. Brown, Lyle Edward, USN2 November 1943 - 26 October 1944
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
    Comments, Suggestions, E-mail Webmaster.
    This page was created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 20 April 2018