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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

Lost to enemy action, 15 August 1944


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Foxtrot - Foxtrot - Oscar
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (2) - World War II Victory Medal

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 12 July 1943, at American Bridge Co, Ambridge, PA,
  • Launched, 3 October 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST 282, 12 November 1943, LT. Lawrence E. Gilbert USNR in command
  • During World War II USS LST-282 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    European-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25June 1944 Invasion of southern France, August 1944

  • Sunk by a German radio-controlled bomb off southern France 15 August 1944
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 16 September 1944
  • USS USS LST-282 earned two battle stars for World War II service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    LST-282 61k USS LST-282 on the Mississippi River, 2 November 1943 Tom Aubut
    LST 282 web site
    LST-282 39k USS LST-282 departing from England for Normandy, June 1944
    US National Archives image
    Bill Brinkley
    LST-282 81k USS LST-282 at Omaha Beach, Normandy, June 1944 Tom Aubut LST 282 web site
    LST-282 113k USS LST-282 off loading vehicles onto an LCT, for transfer to a Normandy beach, 15 June 1944. View looks from inside the LST toward the LCT's well deck. Taken by Navy Combat Photo Unit Eleven (CPU-11).
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-253136 a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    LST-282 36k USS LST-282 at Omaha Beach, Normandy, in June 1944 LST Home Port
    LST-282 156k LCT carrying Jeeps to the Normandy beach, after offloading them from USS LST-282, in the background, 15 June 1944. Note engine breather tubes on the Jeeps, for fording the water between the LCT and the shore, and the bow ramp being raised on the LST. Jeeps have U.S. flags afixed to their windshields. Taken by Combat Photo Unit Eleven (CPU-11).
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-253138 a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    No. 3
    43k USS LST-282 sinking at St Raphael southern France, 15 August 1944 after being hit by a German radio guided bomb. No.3-Tom Aubut USS LST-282 web site
    No. 6 through 10 Gerd Matthes
    No. 6
    No. 7
    No. 8
    No. 9
    No. 10
    LST-282 120k The abandoned hulk of USS LST-282 on the beach at St Raphael southern France, date unknown Sue Bolen
    LST-282 101k
    LST-282 76k
    LST-282 212k USS LST-282 lies burned out and sunk off Cape Dramont, 18 August 1944. During the invasion of southern France USS LST-282 was hit by a German guided bomb on 15 August.
    US National Archives photo # SC 246993 a US Army Signal Corps photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
    US Naval History and Heritage Command

    USS LST-282
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Gilbert, Lawrence E., USNR12 November 1943 - 15 August 1944
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST 282
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 28 April 2017