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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
LST-304 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship
Laid down, 3 July 1942, at Boston Navy Yard, Boston, MA.
Launched, 21 September 1942
LST-304 saw no active service with the US Navy
Transferred to the United Kingdom, 30 November 1942
Royal Navy History
Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-304, 30 November 1942
Sailed from New York, 27 January 1943 as part of the 1st Flotilla for Mediterranean duty via
During World War II HM LST-304 was assigned to the European Theater and participated in the following campaigns:
West Coast of Italy operations-1944 - Anzio-Nettuno advanced landings
Invasion of Normandy
Operated as part of shuttle service between Tilbury, Ostend and Antwerp
Collided with blockship at Ostend, October 1944, badly holed
Sailed to take part in invasion of Malaya but orders changed, instead sailed from Trincomalee as part of a special force for Hong Kong (believed to be Operation 'Tiderace')
Paid off, possibly at Singapore, 19 February 1946
Returned to United States Navy custody, 29 November 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 1 August 1947
Sold for conversion to merchant service, 7 October 1947, to Tung Hwa Trading Co., Singapore
Final Disposition, fate unknown
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
two - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
four - Single 40MM gun mounts
twelve single 20MM gun mounts
Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
six - 20MM single gun mounts
four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
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||HM LST-304 high and dry on the beach at Normandy, June 1944.
||HM LST-304 high and dry on the beach at Normandy, June 1944. Note her kedge anchor cable extend. In the background is the high and dry US LST-505.
||HM LST-304 underway in 1945. HM LST-304 sailed as part of the first convoy to Hong Kong following the Japanese surrender.
Photo taken by Sgt R. Watson, No 9 Army Film & Photographic Unit. Photo No. SE 4950 from the collections of the Imperial War Museums. Part of the War Office, Central Office of Information and American Second World War Official Collection.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 31 October 2014
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|