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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
LST-305 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 24 July 1942, at Boston Navy Yard, Boston, MA.
Launched, 10 October 1942
LST-305 performed no active service with the United States Navy
Transferred to the United Kingdom, 7 December 1942
Royal Navy History
Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-305, 7 December 1942
Sailed from Halifax, Nova Scotia, in convoy SC122 / HX229 in company with HM LST-365
Sailed from Scotland in convoy KMS18A to the Mediterranean
HM LST-305 participated in the following campaigns:
West Coast of Italy operations-1944 - Anzio-Nettuno advanced landings
Torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-230 during Operation Shingle, near Anzio, 20 February 1944, sinking the next day
Struck from the Naval Register, 16 May 1944
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
two - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
four - Single 40MM gun mounts
twelve single 20MM gun mounts
Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
six - 20MM single gun mounts
four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||Miss Lillian E. Earley, sponsor, at the launching of LST 305, 10 October 1942, Boston Navy Yard with Rear Admiral Wilson Brown,
USN, Commandant of Boston Navy Yard.
US National Archives Photo # 60-G-13867
|US Naval History and Heritage Command
||An early Valentine DD tank with raised screen launching from HM LST-305 in the Kyles of Bute, a sheltered stretch of water
near the northern end of the island of the same name. The tank is obviously carrying more than its normal crew complement; note the soldier watching half way up the port
side door. Photo courtesy of the Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset.
Photo scanned from British Battle Tanks: American-made World War 11 Tanks, by David Fletcher and Steven J. Zaloga. Pub: Osprey Publishing Ltd. 2018. ISBN: HB 978147280068.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 30 November 2018
This page created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|