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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

Lost due to enemy action, 9 June 1944


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Yankee - Charlie - Bravo
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive, 9 June 1944)
Bottom Row - American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 7 September 1942, at New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N. Y.
  • Launched, 30 December 1942
  • Commissioned USS LST-314, 15 January 1943, LCDR. Alvin H. Tutt, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-314 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1942 Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 9 June 1944
    Salerno landings, 9 to 21 September 1943  

  • USS LST-314 was sunk by an enemy torpedo off the coast of Normandy, 9 June 1944
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 22 August 1944
  • USS LST-314 earned three battle stars for World War II service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    9 officers
    120 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    14 officers
    131 enlisted
    Boats 6 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-314 144k Beach group signalman directs USS LST-314 to her landing place on a beach during the Sicily Operation in July-August 1943.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-54629, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    LST-314 110k USS LST-314 unloading British Universal Carriers at Salerno, Italy, 8 September 1943.
    Imperial War Museum War Office Second World War Official Collection, by Loughlin (Sgt), Photo No. IWM (NA 6622).
    Robert Hurst and
    Mike Green
    LST-374 88k USS LST-314 and USS LST-374 loading supplies at Portsmouth, English in preparation for the Invasion of Normandy, early June 1944. LST-314 was sunk by German motor torpedo boats, 9 June 1944. The numbers at the peaks of the LST bows are apparently berth numbers.
    US Army Signal Corps. photo # C-745 (Color) from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.
    Bill Gonyo
    LST-314 87k USS LST-314 and USS LST-374 loading supplies at Portsmouth, English in preparation for the Invasion of Normandy, early June 1944. US Naval Institute photo. Joe Radigan MACM USN Ret.

    USS LST-314
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LCDR. Tutt, Alvin Harold USN15 January 1943 - 9 July 1944
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 29 September 2017