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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Yankee - Xray - Papa
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 17 October 1942 at Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, VA.
Launched, 15 December 1942
Commissioned USS LST 345, 21 January 1943, LT. David H. Adams, USNR, in command
During World War II USS LST-345 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaigns;
Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1943
||Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
|Salerno landings, 9 to 21 September 1943
Decommissioned, 5 December 1945
Struck from the Naval Register, 3 January 1946
USS LST-345 earned three battle stars for World War II service
Sold, 23 March 1948, to Ships and Power Equipment Corp., Barber, N.J.
Resold in 1948 to Shell Oil Co.
Rebuilt as a shallow draft tanker suitable for Shell’s movement of crude oil from their Lake Maracaibo oil fields to the Shell refineries in Aruba and Curacao
Named MT Luisa, reflagged Venezuela
Final Disposition, scrapped in 1957
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-345 at anchor with bow doors open, date and location unknown
||LST-361 web site
| Merchant Service
Shell Oil Co.
||Ex-USS LST-345 in merchant service as the Shell Oil Co. Venezuela flagged tanker MT Luisa, moored pierside, date
and locations unknown.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Adams, David H., USNR||21 January 1943 - January 1944|
|02||LT. DeLaplane, James J., USNR||January 1944 - August 1945|
|03||LT. Hoyer, David G., USNR||August 1945 - 5 December 1945|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 12 August 2016
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|