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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
LST-361 was transferred to the Royal Navy in November 1942 for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 10 August 1942, at Bethlehem Steel Yard, Quincy, MA.
Launched, 10 October 1942
Turned over to the Royal Navy under the Lend-Lease Program, 16 November 1942
Royal Navy History
Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-361, 16 November 1942
Sailed from New York as part of 1st Flotilla, 27 January 1943, but had to turn back
Sailed again, 23 February 1943, for the Mediterranean via Bermuda
During World War II HM LST-361 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaigns:
Struck from the Naval Register, 5 June 1946
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 11 October 1947, to Luria Bros. & Co., Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Operated as part of shuttle service between Tilbury, Ostend and Antwerp
Paid off and returned to US Navy custody, 7 March 1946
- Sicilian occupation, 9 and 10 July 1943
- Salerno landings, 9 to 21 September 1943 (as per MacDermott, Ships Without Names)
- West Coast of Italy operations - 1944 - Anzio-Nettuno advanced landing, 22 January 1944
- Invasion of Normandy, 6 June 1944
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
two - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
four - Single 40MM gun mounts
twelve single 20MM gun mounts
Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
six - 20MM single gun mounts
four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||HM LST-361 and HM LST-324 loading vehicles and equipment at Gosport, England,
preparing for the upcoming Invasion of Normandy.|
Imperial War Museum War Office Second World War Official Collection, by Knight (Capt), Photo No. © IWM (H 38977).
||A Sherman tank of the 13th/18th Hussars, 27th Armored Brigade, reverses aboard HM LST-361 at Gosport, on the southern coast
of England, 1 June 1944. This is part of the final preparations for the Normandy Invasion|
Imperial War Museum War Office Second World War Official Collection, by Knight (Capt), Photo No. © IWM (H 38976).
||HM LST-361 moored, date and location unknown.
||Haydn Redfarn for his grandfather Bryan Maloney HM LST-361
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 29 September 2017
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|