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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Delta - Alpha - November
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (Salerno landings, retroactive) - American Campaign Medal - European-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (3)
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)

Individual Awards

Medal of Honor (Posthumously) and Purple Heart Ens. John Joseph Parle (Invasion of Sicily, July 9-10, 1943);
Bronze Star (with combat V) LT. Edward R. Buck, Jr. (Invasion of Normandy, June 1944);
Purple Hearts (1 KIA, 27 WIA - Salerno)

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 25 November 1942, at Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, MA.
  • Launched, 28 January 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-375, 2 February 1943, LT. Edward R. Buck Jr., USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-375 was assigned to the European theater and participated in the:

    Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
    Campaigns and Dates Campaigns and Dates
    Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1943 Salerno landings, 9 to 21 September 1943
    Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944  

  • Following World War II USS LST-375 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East from 18 January to 20 February 1946
  • Decommissioned, 18 July 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 10 June 1947
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 31 December 1948, to Bethlehem Steel Co., Bethlehem, PA.
  • USS LST-375 earned three battle stars for World War II service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-375 53k USS LST-375 beached at Salerno, 9 September 1943. She is on fire after being hit by German Artillery. Sandy Buck, son of CAPT. Edward R Buck Jr. (CO USS LST-375
    LST-375 70k USS LST-375 beached while unloading supplies at the beachhead after the Allied invasion at Salerno, circa 9 September 1943. Australian War Memorial
    LST-375 53k USS LST-375 beached at Normandy while unloading vehicles, circa 6 to 25 June 1944. Sandy Buck, son of CAPT. Edward R Buck Jr. (CO USS LST-375
    LST-375 39k USS LST-375 moored pierside, Navy Day, 27 October 1945, place unknown. Mike Guarino
    LST-375 50k USS LST-375 moored pierside, Navy Day, 27 October 1945, location unknown. Mike Guarino
    LST-375 38k USS LST-375 LCVP-4 in her davits, Navy Day, 27 October 1945, location unknown. Mike Guarino
    LST-375 47k USS LST-375 crew on parade. Appears to possibly be her decommissioning ceremony, 18 July 1946, place unknown. Mike Guarino

    USS LST-375
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Buck Jr., Edward R., USNR2 February 1943 - July 1945
    02LT. Perkins, T. A. 00.07.1945September 1945
    03LTjg. Mueller, Francis J., USNRSeptember 1945 - March 1946
    04ENS. Pickering, C. W., USNRMarch 1946 - 18 July 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To the Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 22 August 2014