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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Charlie - Zulu - Yankee
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (4) - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 20 June 1942 at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News VA.
Launched, 28 September 1942
Commissioned USS LST-388, 20 November 1942, LT. Robert S. Browning USNR in command
During World War II USS LST-388 was first assigned first to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and later to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater participated in the following campaigns:
European-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|North African occupation
Tunisian operations, 8 November 1942 to 9 July 1943
|Salerno landings, 9 to 21 September 1943
|Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1943
||Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
USS LST-388 was assigned to Joint Task Force 1, Task Unit 1.8.1 Service Group - Repair and Service Unit
for Operation Crossroads the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in July 1946 and was responsible for general supply, provisions, hospital, and recreation
Decommissioned, 1 February 1947
Struck from the Naval Register, 25 February 1947
USS LST-388 earned four battle stars for World War II service
Transferred to the Maritime Administration for disposal
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 7 April 1948, to Bethlehem Steel Co.
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-388 and USS LST-325 (left) unloading while stranded at low tide during resupply operations, 12 June 1944.
Note: propellers, rudders and other under water details of these LSTs; 40mm single guns; barrage balloon; "Danforth" style kedge anchor at LST-325's stern.
National Archives photo #'s 80-G-252797 and 80-G-252799, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the National Archives.
||USS LST-388 unloads on a Normandy beach at low tide, 12 June 1944. Note barrage balloon overhead.
US National Archives photo # 80-G-252794, taken by US Army Signal Corps. Combat Photo Unit Eight (CPU-8), now in the collections of the US Naval History and Heritage Command.
||USS LST-325 and USS LST-388
unloads on a Normandy beach at low tide, 12 June 1944. Note barrage balloon overhead.
US National Archives photo # 80-G-252796, taken by US Army Signal Corps. Combat Photo Unit Eight (CPU-8), now in the collections of the US Naval History and Heritage Command.
||USS LST-388 and USS LST-309 at Pearl Harbor, T.I., 1945
||Photo by John H. Kellers, GM3/c LCT-539
||USS LST-388 beached on a ramp, date and location unknown.
||Barbara von der Osten for her father Robert von der Osten, RM1/c USS LST-388
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Browning, Robert S., USNR||20 November 1942 - December 1943|
|02||LT. Scott, John A., USNR||00.12.1943 - March 1944|
|03||LT. Easley, Ira David, USN||March 1944 - September 1944|
|04||LT. Braden, Joseph D., USNR||September 1944 - October 1945|
|05||LTjg. McKnight, Donald B., USNR||October 1945 - March 1946|
|06||LTjg. Schwartz, Joseph M., USNR||March 1946 - September 1946|
|07||LTjg. Sullivan, Paul H., USNR||September 1946 - 1 February 1947|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
MARAD Vessel History Database
Last Updated 17 March 2017
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|