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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-388


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Charlie - Zulu - Yankee
NCZY
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (4) - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 20 June 1942 at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News VA.
  • Launched, 28 September 1942
  • Commissioned USS LST-388, 20 November 1942, LT. Robert S. Browning USNR in command
  • During World War II USS LST-388 was first assigned first to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and later to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater participated in the following campaigns:

    European-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    North African occupation
    Tunisian operations, 8 November 1942 to 9 July 1943
    Salerno landings, 9 to 21 September 1943
    Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1943 Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944

  • USS LST-388 was assigned to Joint Task Force 1, Task Unit 1.8.1 Service Group - Repair and Service Unit for Operation Crossroads the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in July 1946 and was responsible for general supply, provisions, hospital, and recreation
  • Decommissioned, 1 February 1947
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 25 February 1947
  • USS LST-388 earned four battle stars for World War II service
  • Transferred to the Maritime Administration for disposal
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 7 April 1948, to Bethlehem Steel Co.
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    LST-325
    80-G-252797
    1152k USS LST-388 and USS LST-325 (left) unloading while stranded at low tide during resupply operations, 12 June 1944.
    Note: propellers, rudders and other under water details of these LSTs; 40mm single guns; barrage balloon; "Danforth" style kedge anchor at LST-325's stern.
    National Archives photo #'s 80-G-252797 and 80-G-252799, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the National Archives.
    Dave Kerr
    LST-325
    80-G-252799
    1333k
    LST-388 806k USS LST-388 unloads on a Normandy beach at low tide, 12 June 1944. Note barrage balloon overhead.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-252794, taken by US Army Signal Corps. Combat Photo Unit Eight (CPU-8), now in the collections of the US Naval History and Heritage Command.
    Dave Kerr
    LST-388 1201k USS LST-325 and USS LST-388 unloads on a Normandy beach at low tide, 12 June 1944. Note barrage balloon overhead.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-252796, taken by US Army Signal Corps. Combat Photo Unit Eight (CPU-8), now in the collections of the US Naval History and Heritage Command.
    Dave Kerr
    LST-388.LST-309 48k USS LST-388 and USS LST-309 at Pearl Harbor, T.I., 1945 Photo by John H. Kellers, GM3/c LCT-539
    LST-388 104k USS LST-388 beached on a ramp, date and location unknown. Barbara von der Osten for her father Robert von der Osten, RM1/c USS LST-388

    USS LST-388
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Browning, Robert S., USNR20 November 1942 - December 1943
    02LT. Scott, John A., USNR00.12.1943 - March 1944
    03LT. Easley, Ira David, USNMarch 1944 - September 1944
    04LT. Braden, Joseph D., USNRSeptember 1944 - October 1945
    05LTjg. McKnight, Donald B., USNROctober 1945 - March 1946
    06LTjg. Schwartz, Joseph M., USNRMarch 1946 - September 1946
    07LTjg. Sullivan, Paul H., USNRSeptember 1946 - 1 February 1947
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    MARAD Vessel History Database
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To the Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 17 March 2017