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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
LST-408 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 9 September 1942, at Bethlehem Fairfield Co., Baltimore, MD.
Launched, 31 October 1942
LST-408 saw no active service with the US Navy
Transferred to the Royal Navy and commissioned HM LST-408, 23 December 1942
Participted in Sicily, Salerno, Anzio, Normandy and Malaya operations (MacDermott Ships Without Names)
Decommissioned by the Royal Navy and returned to US Naval control, 4 May 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 19 June 1946
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 5 December 1947, to Bosey, Philippines
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
two - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
four - Single 40MM gun mounts
twelve single 20MM gun mounts
Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
six - 20MM single gun mounts
four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
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||HM LST-408 starts to unload onto a Rhino ferry while DUKWS scurry back and forth, Normandy 1944.
||HM LST-408 unloading rations and members of British Borneo Civil Affairs Unit (BBCAF) at Borneo, 18 October 1945.
Australian War Memorial by Fullford, Richard Kennedy, Photo No. P02919.017
||HM LST-408 beached at Labuan Island, New Guinea while loading Japanese Prisoners of War for transportation to Morotai, New Guinea, 27 October 1945.
||Australian War Memorial
||HM LST-408 loads Australian troops of the 66th Battalion at Chick Pontoon, Labuan, Northwest Borneo, November 3 1945, for transportation to Morotai, Northwest Borneo.
||Australian War Memorial
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 10 March 2017
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|