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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
USS LST-409 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 9 September 1942, at Bethlehem Fairfield Co., Baltimore, MD.
Launched, 15 November 1942
LST-409 never saw active service with the US Navy
Transferred to the United Kingdom, 6 January 1943, Commissioned HM LST-409
Royal Navy History
Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-409, 6 January 1943
During World War II HM LST-409 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaign:
Returned to US Naval custody, 2 July 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 29 October 1946
Sold, 21 November 1946, to Greece
Final Disposition, fate unknown
Paid off, 2 July 1946, location unknown
|Campaign and Dates
|West Coast of Italy operations
Anzio-Nettuno advanced landings, circa 22 January to 1 March 1944
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
two - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
four - Single 40MM gun mounts
twelve single 20MM gun mounts
Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
six - 20MM single gun mounts
four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
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||HM LST-409 with two unidentified LSTs, moored a Palermo, Sicily, Italy, 4 September 1943, probably preparing to load troops and equipment for the Salerno landings, scheduled for 9 September 1943.
US National Archives photo # III-SC 181095, Box 181 a US Army Signal Corps. photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
||HM LST-409 beached in the background of this photo of two soldiers from the US Army 45th Division as they unload at Anzio, Italy, 1 February 1944.
US Army Signal Corps. photo # MM-5-44-587 by Blau, 163rd Signal Photo Company from the collections of the US National Archives.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 21 February 2014
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|