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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

LST-415


LST-415 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship
  • Laid down, 29 October 1942, at Bethlehem Fairfield Co., Baltimore, MD.
  • Launched, 21 November 1942
  • LST-415 never saw active service with the US Navy
  • Transferred to the United Kingdom under terms of the Lend-Lease Act, 19 January 1943, Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM-415 the same day
  • Royal Navy History
    HM LST-415 participated in the Salerno landings - landing elements of the 89th Field Artillery Battalion of the US 45th Infantry Division
    HM LST-415 was torpedoed and beached off Thurrock, England, 16 January 1945
    Returned to US Naval custody, date unknown
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 2 June 1945
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, January 1948, to a British scrapper
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    two - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    four - Single 40MM gun mounts
    twelve single 20MM gun mounts
    Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
    one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
    six - 20MM single gun mounts
    four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

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    Size Image Description Source
    LST-320 68k HM LST-415 and HM LST-320 on the beach at Normandy ready to return to England carrying wounded Allied soldiers, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-415 66k HM LST-415 on the beach at in the River Thames at Grays, Essex, after being torpedoed by a German E-boat at 0300 hrs, 16 January, 1945. Robert Hurst

    LST-415
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 12 February 2010