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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


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Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Navy Unit Commendation
Second Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (5) - World War II Victory Medal
Third Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippines Liberation Medal (2)

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship
  • Laid down, 20 July 1942, at Kaiser, Inc., Vancouver, WA.
  • Launched, 6 October 1942
  • Commissioned USS LST-451, 12 January 1943, LT. Harry A. Swartz, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-451 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    LST Flotilla Three, CDR. A. A. Ageton USN;
    LST Group Seven, (Flagship) LCDR. E. B. Garrigures;
    LST Division Fourteen and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Marianas operation
    Capture and occupation of Saipan, 15 June to 30 July 1944
    Luzon operation
    Lingayen Gulf landings, 4 to 15 January 1945
    Tinian capture and occupation, 24 to 30 July 1944 Okinawa Gunto operation
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 1 to 9 April 1945
    Leyte operation
    Leyte landings, 20 October 1944

  • Following World War II USS LST-451 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East from 25 December 1945 to 20 February 1946
  • Decommissioned, 22 July 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 25 September 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold, 11 December 1947, to The Learner Co., Oakland, CA., and subsequently scrapped
  • USS LST-451 earned five battle stars and the Navy Unit Commendation for World War II service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    SC 189531
    1302k Army 18th Engineers build a dirt filled barge ramp to enable off loading of their equipment from USS LST-451 while the ship is beached at the Aleutian Island of Shemya Alaska, 1 June 1943. American Army troops landed on Shemya during the Attu occupation.
    US Army Signal Corps photos # SC 189531 and SC 189530 now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    Dave Kerr
    SC 189530
    LST-451 29k USS LST-451 at anchor with an LCT on her main deck, date and location unknown. Hyperwar US Navy in World War II
    LST-451 41k USS LST-451 beached on a dirt ramp at Attu Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, in September 1943.
    US Navy photo
    Tommy Trampp
    LST-451 598 USS LST-451 beached at Tanaga Island, AK, unloading supplies for Seabees building an airfield, late September 1943.
    US Navy photos.
    Steve Franklin
    LST-451 782k
    LST-451 49k USS LST-451 beached at Okinawa, April 1945 Photo by Lawrence (Larry) LaFlamme GM2/c USS LST-451
    LST-451 49k USS LST-451 beached at Okinawa, April 1945 Photo by Lawrence (Larry) LaFlamme GM2/c USS LST-451

    USS LST-451
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Swartz, Harry A., USNR12 January 1943 - March 1944
    02LT. Flynn, R. D., USNRMarch1944 - 31 July 1944
    03LT. Coleman, E. T., USNR31 July 1944 - 13 July 1945
    01LT. Brooks, T. B., USNR13 July 1945 - 22 July 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Homeport
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To the Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 9 October 2015