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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


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Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (8)
Bottom Row - World War II Victory Medal - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippines Liberation Medal

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 10 July 1942 at Kaiser Shipyard, Vancouver WA.
  • Launched, 15 October 1942
  • Commissioned, USS LST-454, 25 January 1943, at Portland, OR., LT. Edward R. Swanton, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-454 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:
    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Eastern New Guinea operations
    Lae occupation, 4 to 5 September 1943
    Finschhafen occupation, 22 to 23 September 1943
    Saidor occupation, 2 to 3 and 6 to 9 January 1944
    Leyte operations
    Leyte landings, 23 October to 4 November and 10 to 29 November 1944
    Bismarck Archipelago operation
    Admiralty Islands landings, 29 February to 4 March and 11 to 15 March 1944
    Luzon operations
    Lingayen Gulf landings, 4 to 18 January 1945
    Hollandia operation, 21 to 26 April 1944 Consolidation and capture of Southern Philippines
    Visayan Island landings, 26 March, 2 to 4 and 9 to 10 April 1945
    Western New Guinea operations
    Biak Island operation, 28 to 31 May and 3 to 7 and 12 to 16 June 1944
    Morotai landing, 15 September 1944
    Boreno operations
    Balikpapan operation, 26 June 4 July 1945

  • Decommissioned, 25 March 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 1 May 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold, 3 October 1947, to the Patapsco Scrap Co., Baltimore, MD for scrapping
  • USS LST-454 earned eight battle stars for World War II service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    LST-454 91k USS LST-454 under fire during an amphibious landing, circa 1944-45, location unknown. Scot Molski
    LST 454 web site
    LST-454 36k USS LST-454 beached with two additional LSTs while off-loading troops and equipment, date and location unknown. Scot Molski
    LST 454 web site
    LST-454 61k USS LST-454 along with USS LST-631 and numerous other LSTs beached at Blue Beach Morotai, New Guinea, 22 June 1945, while embarking Australian troops of 7 Division and their equipment for "Operation Oboe 2", at Balikpapan, Borneo Australian War Memorial
    LST-454 341k USS LST-454 off Balikpapan during Operation Oboe 2". Photo was taken from USS LST-632. Richard D. Geiger, Shipfitter 3/C, LST-632 In memory of the Australian troops that lost their lives during the Borneo operation

    USS LST-454
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Swanton, Edward Robert, USNR25 January 1943 - 1 June 1944
    02LT. Horsley, T. Braxton, USNR1 June 1944 - December 1944
    03LCDR. Morrison, D. J., USNRDecember 1944 - December 1945
    04LTjg. Neill, R. R., USNRDecember 1945 - 25 March 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST 454 Home Page
    LST Homeport
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 10 October 2014