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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-459


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Foxtrot - Mike - Oscar
NFMO
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (6) - World War II Victory Medal
Bottom Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippines Liberation Medal (2)


LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 22 September 1942, at Kaiser, Inc., Vancouver, WA.
  • Launched, 29 October 1942
  • Commissioned USS LST-459, 13 February 1943, LT. E. F. Arthur, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-459 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaign:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Bismarck Archipelago operation
    Cape Gloucester, New Britain, 22 to 28 December 1943, 30 December 1943 to 3 January 1944, 9 to 11 January 1944, 5 to 9, 18 to 21 and 23 to 26 February 1944
    Admiralty Islands landings, 11 to 15 March 1944
    Leyte operation
    Leyte landings, 5 to 18 November 1944
    Hollandia operation 21 to 26 April 1944, 1 to 7 and 9 to 16 May 1944 Luzon operation
    Lingayen Gulf landings, 4 to 16 January 1945
    Western New Guinea operation

    Biak Island operation, 27 to 29 May 1944, 31 May to 4 June 1944, 9 to 13 and 16 to 20 June 1944
    Noemfoor Island operation, 2 to 4 and 6 to 11 July 1944
    Cape Sansapor operation, 12 to 18 and 20 to 26 August 1944
    Morotai landings, 15 September 1944
    Consolidation and capture of the southern Philippines
    Mindanao landings, 10 to 18 and 24 to 31 March 1945
    Sulu Archipelago landings, 2 to 4 and 9 to 11 April 1945

  • Following World War II USS LST-459 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East from 13 to 22 November 1945
  • Decommissioned, 12 April 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 19 June 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 31 October 1947, to New Orleans Shipwrecking Co., New Orleans, LA.
  • USS LST-459 earned six battle stars for World War II service
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-459 333k USS LST-459 passed on port side of USS Blue Ridge (AGC-2) during either the Leyte landings or the Lingayen Gulf landings as she heads for the beach. Michael Patrick for his father John J. Patrick RT/3c, USS Blue Ridge, 1943-1945.
    LSM-40 67k USS LSM-40, USS LST-459 and an unidentified LCT beached at Jolo, Sulu Archipelago, P-Day, 9 April 1945.
    US Army Signal Corps. photo # SC266347
    USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LSM-40 89k USS LST-459, USS LSM-40 beached at Jolo, Sulu Archipelago, P-Day, 9 April 1945. In the background are two additional LCTs.
    US Army Signal Corps. photo # SC266350
    USS LSM / LSMR Association
    LST-737 1086k USS LST-459 moored at Pearl Harbor, circa 16 to 23 January 1946.
    Also present are:
    USS Bennington (CV-20) moored across the channel at NAS Ford Island,
    USS Troilus (AKA-46) moored astern of,
    USS Cape Gloucester (CVE-109),
    USS LST-1079 moored astern of
    USS LST-1070
    USS Terror (CM-5),
    USS LST-459 with LCT-1015 secured to her main deck, astern of
    USS LST-863
    Moored forward of LST-863 are an unidentified Minesweeper and two Rescue and Salvage ships
    The next pier has two unidentified ships, possibly AKs the Survey Ship
    USS Sumner (AGS-5), and two unidentified Minesweepers
    USS LST-737 moored astern of
    USS LST-45 moored astern of numerous Minesweepers and possibly
    USS Shipley Bay (CVE-85)
    US Navy photo BUAer photo # 496019 from "CINCPAC, Released 23 January 1946.
    David Buell

    USS LST-459
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Arthur, E. F., USNR13 February 1943 - February 1944
    02LT. Waggener, Nelson, USNRFebruary1944 - May 1945
    03LT. Younts, Austin R., USNRMay 1945 - March 1946
    04LTjg. Risener, Harold M., USNRMarch 1946 - 12 April 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 10 October 2014