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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
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Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (5) - World War II Victory Medal
Bottom Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippine Liberation Medal (1)
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship
Laid down, 17 August 1942, at Kaiser, Inc, Richmond, CA.
Launched, 7 November 1942
Commissioned USS LST-478, 13 March 1943. LT. H. F. Holmshaw in command
During World War II, USS LST-478 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
LST Flotilla Three, CDR. A. A. Ageton USN;
LST Group Seven, LCDR. E. B. Garrigures;
LST Division Thirteen and participated in the following operations
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|Gilbert Islands operation 21 November to 8 December 1943
Leyte landings, 20 October 1944
|Hollandia operation 21 to 29 April 1944
||Okinawa Gunto operation
Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 2 to 9 April 1945
Capture and occupation of Guam, 21 to 27 July 1944
Following World War II USS LST-478 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East from 20 January to 23 March 1946
Decommissioned, 23 March 1946 and assigned to Commander Naval Forces Far East (COMNAVFE) Shipping Control Authority for Japan (SCAJAP), redesignated Q100
Struck from the Naval Register, 28 August 1947
USS LST-478 earned five battle stars for World War II service
Transferred to the Maritime Administration (MARAD) 25 March 1948
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 25 March 1948, to Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, WA.
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-478 and USS LST-20 unloading on the beach at Kiska Island, Alaska, 23 August 1943. Just visible In the distance is the Japanese cargo ship Nozina Maru, beached by the Japanese after bombing by American forces.
US National Archives photo # III-SC 182872, Box 187, a US Army Signal Corps photo by PFC Sanderson now in the collections of the US National Archives.
||Plan view aft of USS LST-478 at Navy Yard Mare Island, 13 March 1943, undergoing an inclining experiment.
Navy Yard Mare Island photo # 1772-43.
||USS LST-478 beached at Okinawa after the Invasion of Okinawa Gunto campaign has ended, circa second half of 1945.
Photo by Frederick C. Keller.
||Plan view amidships looking aft of USS LST-478 at Navy Yard Mare Island, 17 August 1945.
USS LST-487 is aft of her and various yard craft and barges are to the right. Beyond the causeway is
YHB-2 (Port of Stockton) and the never to be completed
USS Creamer (DE-308),
USS Ely (DE-309) and
USS Delbert W. Halsey (DE-310).
Navy Yard Mare Island photo # 6007-45.
||USS LST-478 moored pierside at Navy Yard Mare Island, 17 August 1945
||LST Home Port Web Site
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Holmshaw, H. F.||13 March 1943 - ?|
|02||LT. Redding, C. W. USNR||May 1945|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 20 April 2018
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|