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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Papa - India - Alpha
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - European-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (2)
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Medal (with Asia clasp)

LST-491 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 14 August 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
  • Launched, 16 October 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-495, 23 December 1943, LTjg. Adam Y. McLachlan USN in command
  • During World War II USS LST-495 was first assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle Theater and later to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaign
    Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944 Okinawa Gunto operation
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 29 April to 24 June 1945
    Invasion of southern France, 15 August to 25 September 1944  

  • While assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater USS LST-495, under the command of LT Adam Y. McLachlan, USN, was assigned to:
    LST Flotilla Ten;
    LST Group Thirty, LCDR. A. R. Sodergron
  • While assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater USS LST-495, under the command of LCDR. H. D. Smith USNR, was assigned to:
    LST Flotilla Thirty-Five, CAPT. D. H. Johnston USN (22);
    LST Group One Hundred Five, CDR. E.P. Wilson USN (20);
    LST Division Two Hundred Ten
  • Following World War II USS LST-495 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:

    Navy Occupation Service Medal
    10 to 23 September 1945
    22 to 29 October 1945
  • Decommissioned, 23 April 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 5 June 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 8 April 1948, to Kaiser, Inc., Seattle, WA.
  • USS LST-495 earned three battle stars for World War II service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-495 153k USS LST-495 along with other LSTs load during the pre-invasion operations at an English port prior to the invasion of Normandy.
    US Army photo
    1020 120k USS LST-1020 and USS LST-495 beached preparing to lower her ramp to unload troops and equipment during the invasion of southern France, location and date unknown. Sue Bolen
    1020 118k USS LST-1020 and USS LST-495 beached while unloading troops and equipment during the invasion of southern France, location and date unknown. Sue Bolen
    LST-495 295k USS LST-495 beached while unloading at Okinawa, 30 July 1945. USS 495 was loaded in the Philippines with equipment and men from the 91st Recon and unloaded on Okinawa, 30 July 1945. Photo from "Wing-ding" magazine, Okinawa, 3 Sept 1945, published by the 91st Reconnaissance Wing. Donn Cuson
    LST-495 221k USS LST-495 at anchor in San Francisco Bay, circa 1945.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH79012, courtesy Donald McPherson 1974.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    LST-495 146k Letter of Commendation from LCDR A .R. Sodergron Commander LST Group Thirty to LT. A. Y. McLachlan, USN Commanding Officer USS LST-495 John A. Dwyer for his uncle Adam Y. McLachlan

    USS LST-495
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01">LTjg. McLachlan, Adam Yates, USN23 December 1943 - December 1944
    02LCDR. Smith, Herbert D., USNRDecember 1944 - August 1945
    03LTjg. Jensen, Marcus L., USNRAugust 1945 - December 1945
    04LTjg. Purcell, Thomas J., USNRDecember 1945 - February 1946
    05LTjg. Karp, Edward R., USNRFebruary 1946 - 23 April 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 22 June 2018