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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Papa - India - Alpha
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - European-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (2)
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Medal (with Asia clasp)
LST-491 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 14 August 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Launched, 16 October 1943
Commissioned USS LST-495, 23 December 1943, LTjg. Adam Y. McLachlan USN in command
During World War II USS LST-495 was first assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle Theater and later to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:
Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign
|Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
||Okinawa Gunto operation
Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 29 April to 24 June 1945
|Invasion of southern France, 15 August to 25 September 1944
While assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater USS LST-495, under the command of LT Adam Y. McLachlan, USN, was assigned to:
LST Flotilla Ten;
LST Group Thirty, LCDR. A. R. Sodergron
While assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater USS LST-495, under the command of LCDR. H. D. Smith USNR, was assigned to:
LST Flotilla Thirty-Five, CAPT. D. H. Johnston USN (22);
LST Group One Hundred Five, CDR. E.P. Wilson USN (20);
LST Division Two Hundred Ten
Following World War II USS LST-495 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:
Decommissioned, 23 April 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 5 June 1946
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 8 April 1948, to Kaiser, Inc., Seattle, WA.
USS LST-495 earned three battle stars for World War II service
Navy Occupation Service Medal
|10 to 23 September 1945
|22 to 29 October 1945
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-495 along with other LSTs load during the pre-invasion operations at an English port prior to the invasion of Normandy.
US Army photo
||USS LST-1020 and USS LST-495 beached preparing to lower her ramp to unload troops and equipment during the invasion of southern France, location and date unknown.
||USS LST-1020 and USS LST-495 beached while unloading troops and equipment during the invasion of southern France, location and date unknown.
||USS LST-495 beached while unloading at Okinawa, 30 July 1945. USS 495 was loaded in the Philippines with equipment and men from the 91st Recon and unloaded on Okinawa, 30 July 1945. Photo from "Wing-ding" magazine, Okinawa, 3 Sept 1945, published by the 91st Reconnaissance Wing.
||USS LST-495 at anchor in San Francisco Bay, circa 1945.
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH79012, courtesy
Donald McPherson 1974.
|US Naval History and Heritage Command
||Letter of Commendation from LCDR A .R. Sodergron Commander LST Group Thirty to LT. A. Y. McLachlan, USN Commanding Officer
||John A. Dwyer for his uncle Adam Y. McLachlan
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||">LTjg. McLachlan, Adam Yates, USN||23 December 1943 - December 1944|
|02||LCDR. Smith, Herbert D., USNR||December 1944 - August 1945|
|03||LTjg. Jensen, Marcus L., USNR||August 1945 - December 1945|
|04||LTjg. Purcell, Thomas J., USNR||December 1945 - February 1946|
|05||LTjg. Karp, Edward R., USNR||February 1946 - 23 April 1946|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 22 June 2018
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|