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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

Contributed by Al Grazevich

USS Chittenden County (LST-561)
USS LST-561 (1944 - 1955)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Echo - Uniform - Xray
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Second Row - European-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal - National Defense Service Medal
Bottom Row - Korean Service Medal (2) - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)

LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship
  • Laid down, 24 February 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
  • Launched, 25 April 1944
  • Commissioned USS LST-561, 15 May 1944, LT. Volvey W. Foster, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-561 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaign:

    Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign
    Campaign and Dates
    Invasion of southern France 15 August to 25 September 1944

  • Decommissioned, 30 April 1946
  • Recommissioned, 18 September 1950
  • During the Korean War USS LST-561 participated in the following campaigns:

    Korean War Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Second Korean Winter
    22 December 1951 to 30 January 1952
    16 to 30 April 1952
    Korean Defense Summer-Fall 1952
    1 to 18 May 1952
    2 to 24 July 1952

  • Named Chittenden County (LST-561), 1 July 1955
  • Decommissioned, 2 June 1958
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 27 June 1958
  • Final Disposition, sunk as a target off Diamond Head, Oahu, Hawaii, 21 October 1958, by USS Sargo (SSN-583)
  • USS LST-561 earned one battle star for World War II service and two battle stars for Korean War service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    7 officers, 104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers, 147 enlisted
    Boats 3 LCVP, 1 LCPL
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LSM-547 49k USS LSM-547, USS LSM-175 and USS LST-561 beached, probably in the San Diego Bay area, circa 1950-1955 Tommy Trampp
    Chittenden County 489k USS Chittenden County (LST-561) underway in the Arctic during the Summer-Fall of 1955 in support of the DEW line radar stations. David LaPell
    Chittenden County 84k Forward port quarter view of USS Chittenden County (LST-561) in the Mare Island channel, 9 April 1957. Chittenden County was under repair at Mare Island from 31 January to 9 April 1957.
    Mare Island Naval Shipyard photo # 33859-4-57, 4/9/57.
    Darryl Baker
    Chittenden County 94k Broadside view of USS Chittenden County (LST-561) in the Mare Island channel, 9 April 1957.
    Mare Island Naval Shipyard photo # 33861-4-57, 4/9/57.
    Darryl Baker
    Chittenden County 983k Six periscope images of ex-USS Chittenden County (LST-561) being sunk by a torpedo fired by USS Sargo (SSN-583), 21 October 1958, off Diamond Head, Hawaii. Darryl Baker
    Chittenden County 78k USS Chittenden County (LST-561) under way, date and location unknown. Tommy Trampp
    Chittenden County 771k Mare Island Shipyard newspaper the "Grapevine", 15 May 1959 issue with photos of USS Sargo (SSN-583) sinking ex-USS Chittenden County (LST-561), 21 October 1958, off Diamond Head, Hawaii. Darryl Baker

    USS LST-561 / USS Chittenden County (LST-561)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Foster, Volvey W., USNR15 May 1944 - November 1945
    02LT. Mickey, E. T., USNRNovember 1945 - February 1946
    03LT. Reed, C. E., USNRFebruary 1946 - 30 April 1946
     Decommissioned30 April 1946 - 18 September 1950
    04LT. Bush, H. D.1952
    05LT. Ripley, Robert Kenyon1956 - 2 June 1958
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association

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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 6 May 2016