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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
Contributed by Al Grazevich
USS Chittenden County (LST-561)
USS LST-561 (1944 - 1955)
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Echo - Uniform - Xray
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Second Row - European-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal - National Defense Service Medal
Bottom Row - Korean Service Medal (2) - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)
LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship
Laid down, 24 February 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Launched, 25 April 1944
Commissioned USS LST-561, 15 May 1944, LT. Volvey W. Foster, USNR, in command
During World War II USS LST-561 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaign:
Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign
|Campaign and Dates
|Invasion of southern France 15 August to 25 September 1944
Decommissioned, 30 April 1946
Recommissioned, 18 September 1950
During the Korean War USS LST-561 participated in the following campaigns:
Korean War Campaigns
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|Second Korean Winter
22 December 1951 to 30 January 1952
16 to 30 April 1952
|Korean Defense Summer-Fall 1952
1 to 18 May 1952
2 to 24 July 1952
Named Chittenden County (LST-561), 1 July 1955
Decommissioned, 2 June 1958
Struck from the Naval Register, 27 June 1958
Final Disposition, sunk as a target off Diamond Head, Oahu, Hawaii, 21 October 1958, by USS Sargo (SSN-583)
USS LST-561 earned one battle star for World War II service and two battle stars for Korean War service
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
7 officers, 104 enlisted
16 officers, 147 enlisted
Boats 3 LCVP, 1 LCPL
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LSM-547, USS LSM-175 and USS LST-561 beached, probably in the San Diego Bay area, circa 1950-1955
||USS Chittenden County (LST-561) underway in the Arctic during the Summer-Fall of 1955 in support of the DEW line radar stations.
||Forward port quarter view of USS Chittenden County (LST-561) in the Mare Island channel, 9 April 1957. Chittenden County was under repair at Mare Island from 31 January to 9 April 1957.
Mare Island Naval Shipyard photo # 33859-4-57, 4/9/57.
||Broadside view of USS Chittenden County (LST-561) in the Mare Island channel, 9 April 1957.
Mare Island Naval Shipyard photo # 33861-4-57, 4/9/57.
||Six periscope images of ex-USS Chittenden County (LST-561) being sunk by a torpedo fired by USS Sargo (SSN-583), 21 October 1958, off Diamond Head, Hawaii.
||USS Chittenden County (LST-561) under way, date and location unknown.
||Mare Island Shipyard newspaper the "Grapevine", 15 May 1959 issue with photos of USS Sargo (SSN-583) sinking ex-USS Chittenden County (LST-561), 21 October 1958, off Diamond Head, Hawaii.
USS LST-561 / USS Chittenden County (LST-561)
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Foster, Volvey W., USNR||15 May 1944 - November 1945
|02||LT. Mickey, E. T., USNR||November 1945 - February 1946
|03||LT. Reed, C. E., USNR||February 1946 - 30 April 1946
| ||Decommissioned||30 April 1946 - 18 September 1950
|04||LT. Bush, H. D.||1952
|05||LT. Ripley, Robert Kenyon||1956 - 2 June 1958
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 6 May 2016
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|