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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal

LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 4 March 1944, at Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
  • Launched, 1 May 1944
  • Commissioned USS LST-563, 20 May 1944, Lt. J. B. Hockswender, USNR, in command
  • During World War II LST-563 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  • Grounded on Clipperton Island in the eastern Pacific, 670 miles southwest of Mexico, 21 December 1944
  • Final Disposition, stripped and abandoned, 9 February 1945
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 23 February 1945
    Specifications: (as reported by Office of Naval Intelligence-1945)
    Displacement 1,625 t.(lt), 4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    (light) - 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    (sea-going) 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    (landing) 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    Speed 12 kts. (maximum)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    (2-boat davits) 7 officers, 104 enlisted
    (6-boat davits) 9 officers, 120 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    (2-boat davits) 16 officers, 147 enlisted
    (6-boat davits) 14 officers, 131 enlisted
    Boats 2 or 6 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
    1 - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
    6 - 20MM mounts
    4 - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
    Propulsion two General Motors 12-567, 900hp diesel engines, two shafts, twin rudders
    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    LST-563 31k LST 563 broached on Clipperton Island, 22 December 1944.
    US Navy photo from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    Todd Cabral
    LST-563 21k LST 563 on the reef at Clipperton Island, December 1944. Photo taken from Argus (PY-14). Photo by Warren Cabral RDM/2c
    USS Argusvia Todd Cabral
    LST-563 31k LST 563 on the reef at Clipperton Island, December 1944. Photo taken from Argus (PY-14). Photo by Warren Cabral RDM/2c USS Argus via Todd Cabral
    LST-563 36k LST 563 on the reef at Clipperton Island, December 1944. Photo taken from Argus (PY-14). Photo by Warren Cabral RDM/2c USS Argus via Todd Cabral

    View the LST-563
    DANFS history entry located at the US Naval Historical Center web site
    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
    Fleet Reserve Association

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back to the Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 18 March 2005